Jefferson v. Commissioner of Social Security Administration
ORDER granting 32 MOTION for Attorney Fees Under EAJA, awarding $9,376.00 in fees. Signed by Honorable Bruce Howe Hendricks on 10/12/2016.(bshr, )
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF SOUTH CAROLINA
) Civil Action No. 1:15-cv-786-BHH
CAROLYN M. COLVIN,
Acting Commissioner of Social Security,
Upon consideration of the Joint Stipulation for Attorney’s Fees pursuant to the
Equal Access to Justice Act (EAJA) 28 U.S.C. §2412(d) (ECF No. 33), it is hereby,
ORDERED that Plaintiff, Carolyn Jefferson, is awarded attorney fees under the
EAJA in the amount $9,376.00 in attorney fees. These attorney fees will be paid directly
to Plaintiff, Carolyn Jefferson, and sent to the business address of Plaintiff’s counsel,
Beatrice E. Whitten. Full or partial remittance of the awarded attorney fees will be
contingent upon a determination by the Government that Plaintiff owes no qualifying,
pre-existing debt(s) to the Government. If such a debt(s) exists, the Government will
reduce the awarded attorney fees in this Order to the extent necessary to satisfy such
Counsel has submitted an assignment, by Plaintiff, of the fees in this case (ECF No. 32-5) and,
therefore, requests any award be made payable to her. In Astrue v. Ratliff, 560 U.S. 586, 598 (2010), the
United States Supreme Court held that the EAJA requires attorneys’ fees to be awarded directly to the
litigant. Id. (holding that the plain text of the EAJA requires that attorneys’ fees be awarded to the litigant,
thus subjecting EAJA fees to offset of any pre-existing federal debts); see also Stephens v. Astrue, 565
F.3d 131, 139 (4th Cir. 2009) (same). Neither Ratliff nor Stephens addresses whether claimants may
assign EAJA fees to their attorneys via contract. This district, however, has fairly consistently found such
assignments ineffective to require the Court to make payment directly to counsel. See Williams v. Astrue,
No. 0:10-cv-00004, 2012 WL 6615130, at *4 (D.S.C. Dec. 19, 2012); Phillips v. Astrue, No. 1:10-cv-936,
2011 WL 5041751, at *1 (D.S.C. Oct. 21, 2011); Tate v. Astrue, No. 3:09-cv-3246, 2010 WL 4860356, at
*2 (D.S.C. Nov. 23, 2010); Washington v. Astrue, 2010 WL 3023028, at *5 (D.S.C. July 29, 2010) (holding
that EAJA fees are payable to plaintiff even where plaintiff has attached an affidavit assigning his rights in
the fees award to counsel). At least one circuit court of appeals has additionally expressed concern that
IT IS SO ORDERED.
/s/Bruce Howe Hendricks
United States District Judge
October 12, 2016
Greenville, South Carolina
such contracts would constitute an “endrun” around the plain text of the EAJA, as interpreted in Ratliff.
See Brown v. Astrue, 271 Fed. App’x 741, 743 (10th Cir. 2008) (stating, in dicta, that claimant’s
“assignment of his right in the fees award to counsel does not overcome the clear EAJA mandate that the
award is to him as the prevailing party . . . .”). The undersigned has on some previous occasion ordered
payment to counsel but only where the United States has accepted the assignment as valid; the
government’s practice in this regard has not been uniform. Here, the parties filed a Joint Stipulation (ECF
No. 33) in which Defendant conditioned its acceptance of the assignment upon Plaintiff having no
outstanding federal debt.
Because Defendant has not accepted the assignment as valid without conditions, and in keeping
with the prudent decisions of this District, the Court declines to treat such an assignment as altering the
Court’s obligation, in payment, to Plaintiff directly. As the Court in Ratliff emphasized, the EAJA controls
what the losing defendant must pay, “not what the prevailing plaintiff must pay his lawyer.” Ratliff, 560
U.S. at 598.
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