Miller v. South Carolina Dept of Probation Parole and Pardon Services
ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS 8 of Magistrate Judge Robert S Carr, and dismissing this action without prejudice and without issuance and service of process. Signed by Honorable Joseph F Anderson, Jr on 12/31/2008. (ssan, )
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT DISTRICT OF SOUTH CAROLINA John Alan Miller, Plaintiff, v. South Carolina Department of Probation, Parole, and Pardon Services, Defendant. ____________________________________ ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) C/A No. 2:08-3836-JFA-RSC ORDER
The plaintiff, John Alan Miller, is an inmate with the South Carolina Department of Corrections. Proceeding pro se, Miller brings this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. Section 1983 contending that the defendant's denial of his requests for copies of his file violates the federal Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and his constitutional rights. He seeks money damages and a copy of his records from the defendant. The Magistrate Judge assigned to this action1 has prepared a thorough Report and Recommendation and opines that the plaintiff's complaint should be summarily dismissed for failure to state a claim upon which relief may be granted. Specifically, the Magistrate Judge suggests that the agency defendant is protected by Eleventh Amendment immunity.
The Magistrate Judge's review is made in accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and Local Civil Rule 73.02. The Magistrate Judge makes only a recommendation to this court. The recommendation has no presumptive weight, and the responsibility to make a final determination remains with the court. Mathews v. Weber, 423 U.S. 261 (1976). The court is charged with making a de novo determination of those portions of the Report and Recommendation to which specific objection is made, and the court may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the recommendation of the Magistrate Judge, or recommit the matter to the Magistrate Judge with instructions. See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1).
Even though the State of South Carolina is not named as a party to the instant action, the suit may be barred by the Eleventh Amendment if the plaintiff, a private party, seeks to recover money from the state's public funds. Edelman v. Jordan, 415 U.S. 651, 663 (1974). As the plaintiff seeks to recover money damages from the state's public funds, this claim is barred under the Eleventh Amendment. The petitioner filed objections to the Report which this court has carefully reviewed and finds them to be without merit. To the extent the plaintiff seeks injunctive relief (in compelling the defendant's production of records), the Eleventh Amendment also bars this Court from granting such relief against the state or its agencies. As to the plaintiff's claims that the defendant failed to comply with his requests for records under the FOIA, such claim is without merit. The federal FOIA is applicable to agencies or departments of the United States Government, not state agencies or departments. After carefully reviewing the applicable law, the record in this case, the Report and Recommendation and the objections thereto, the court agrees with the Magistrate Judge's recommendation and incorporates the Report herein by reference. Accordingly, this action is dismissed without prejudice and without issuance and service of process. IT IS SO ORDERED. December 31, 2008 Columbia, South Carolina Joseph F. Anderson, Jr. United States District Judge
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