Cytec Carbon Fibers LLC et al v. Hopkins et al
ORDER adopting Report and Recommendations of Magistrate Judge Bristow Marchant and granting in part and denying in part 140 Motion to Strike. Signed by Honorable Richard M Gergel on 12/5/2012.(cwhi, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF SOUTH CAROLINA
Cytec Carbon Fibers, LLC; and
Cytec Engineered Materials, Inc.,
Jonathan Hopkins; R&H Investments,
LLC; H&H Construction & Development,
Inc.; Scott McAllister; Helm Builders,
LLC; Sewell W. Crisman, IV; Carolina
Consulting Engineers, Inc.; Carolina
Construction Management Consultant,
Plaintiffs Cytec Carbon Fibers, LLC and Cytec Engineered Materials, Inc. brought this
action for fraud, RICO, unfair trade practices and other claims alleging Defendants submitted
"inflated payment requests for unnecessary construction-related goods and services" as well as
payment requests "for services that were never performed or even intended to be performed."
(Dkt. No. 1 at 1). This matter was automatically referred to a Magistrate Judge for all pre-trial
proceedings, in accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and Local Rule 73.02(B)(2)(e), D.S.C.
On September 5, 2012, Plaintiffs moved the Court to strike the pleadings of certain
defendants and to issue default judgments against those defendants, pursuant to Federal Rule of
Civil Procedure 37(b)(2), for failure to comply with the Court's discovery order. (Dkt. No. 140).
Specifically, Plaintiffs argue that those Defendants have "consistently failed to provide
documents they have admitted remain in their possession, have refused to provide any formal
responses to discovery, have deleted important text messages directly related to this case, and
have generally stonewalled discovery." (Id at 3).
Since Plaintiffs are seeking a default judgment against Defendants, see 28 U.S.C.
§ 636(b)(1)(A), the Magistrate Judge issued a Report and Recommendation (R&R) on the
motion, doing so on October 22,2012. (Dkt. No. 158). The Magistrate Judge recommended that
Plaintiffs' motion to strike pleadings and for default judgments should be granted in part and
denied in part, in accordance with the following specific recommendations:
(1) Some sanction is necessary due to Defendant Crisman's spoliation of
evidence, and since default judgment with respect to Defendants Crisman,
Carolina Construction Engineers, Inc., and Carolina Construction Management
Consultant would be too harsh a sanction, the sanction of an adverse inference
jury instruction for spoliation is appropriate, (/d at 2-9); 1
(2) Defendant McAllister has violated Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 37, and
should therefore be required to provide responses to all outstanding discovery
requests and to pay Plaintiffs' costs associated with their discovery efforts, while
the sanction of a default judgment is held in abeyance contingent on McAllister's
compliance with those directions, (Id at 9-12).2
1 The Magistrate Judge also instructed Defendant Crisman to comply with the Court's
August 27,2012 order within seven (7) days of the issuance of this order, unless the Court
offered "contrary instructions." (Dkt. No. 158 at 8). The Court offers no contrary instructions
and expects Defendant Crisman to comply with the Magistrate Judge's direction.
2 The Magistrate Judge also concluded that Defendant Helm Builders, LLC has violated
Rule 37, but stated that the issue of sanction was not relevant because Helm is "already in
default." (Dkt. No. 158 at 11-12). The Magistrate Judge also noted that Defendants Jonathan
Hopkins, H&H Construction and Development, Inc., and R&H Investments, LLC, are in default.
(Id at 1 n.l; Dkt. Nos. 84, 85).
The Magistrate Judge makes only a recommendation to this Court. The recommendation has
no presumptive weight, and the responsibility for making a final determination remains with this
Court. See Mathews v. Weber, 423 U.S. 261, 270-71 (1976). The Court may "accept, reject, or
modify, in whole or in part, the findings or recommendations made by the magistrate." 28 U.S.C.
§ 636(b)(1). In the absence of specific objections to the Report and Recommendation, this Court is
not required to give any explanation for adopting the Magistrate Judge's analysis and
recommendations. Camby v. Davis, 718 F.2d 198,200 (4th Cir. 1983).
In addressing Plaintiffs' motion, the Magistrate Judge separated Defendants into two
groups based on their participation and conduct in pretrial discovery. (ld at 2). With respect to
each group of Defendants, the Magistrate Judge accurately summarized the controlling case law
and carefully recounted the proceedings in the case. (ld at 3-13). As to the first group of
Defendants, the Magistrate Judge recognized that the purpose of sanctions is to level the
evidentiary playing field while sanctioning improper conduct, and recommended a moderate
form of sanction that would achieve those ends without unduly punishing Defendants for conduct
that might have been attributable to mere negligence. (Id. at 7-8). Similarly, though the
Magistrate Judge concluded that the second group had "failed to respond to the Plaintiffs'
discovery requests, have failed to file responses to the motions of the Plaintiffs, and have failed
to comply with the Court's order concerning discovery," the Magistrate Judge nevertheless
concluded that a "less drastic remedy" than immediate default judgment was appropriate for
Defendant McAllister. (ld at 11-12). This Court finds that the Magistrate Judge correctly
applied the law to the facts pertaining to each Defendant against whom this motion was filed, and
concludes that the course of action recommended by the Magistrate Judge is proper "to secure
the just, speedy, and inexpensive determination" of this action. Fed. R. Civ. P. 1.
The Court, having fully reviewed the factual record, memoranda submitted by the parties,
the Report and Recommendation and the applicable case law, hereby adopts the Report and
Recommendation as the Order of the Court. Accordingly, Plaintiffs' motion to strike pleadings
and for a default judgment is GRANTED in part and DENIED in part as set forth in the
Magistrate Judge's Report and Recommendation.
AND IT IS SO ORDERED.
United States District Judge
Charleston, South Carolina
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?