Marhaygue LLC v. Wolfpac Technologies Inc et al
ORDER adopting 10 Report and Recommendations denying 5 Motion for TRO. Signed by Honorable Richard M Gergel on 2/21/2012.(sshe, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF SOUTH CAROLINA
Civil Action No.: 2: 12-cv-00322-RMG
Wolfpac Technologies, Inc.
Before the Court is Plaintiffs motion for an ex parte temporary restraining order
("TRO") arising out of a patent infringement claim. (Dkt. No.5). Plaintiff seeks to enjoin
Defendant from making, using, selling or offering for sale column wrap products. Pursuant to
the provisions of28 U.S.C. § 636 and Local Rule 73.02(C)(7), D.S.C., this matter was referred to
the Magistrate Judge for pretrial handling. The Magistrate Judge issued a Report and
Recommendation ("R & R") on February 6,2012 recommending that Plaintiffs motion for a
TRO be denied. (Dkt. No. 10). Plaintiff filed objections to the Report and Recommendation.
(Dkt. No. 12). The Court directed that Plaintiff serve Defendant with the motion for a TRO, R &
R and Plaintiff s objections and that Plaintiff file proof of service with the Court. (Dkt. Nos. 11
and 13). Defendant thereafter filed a response in opposition to the motion for a TRO. (Dkt. No.
17). Plaintiff has filed a reply. (Dkt. No. 26). After a careful review ofthe record before the
Court and the applicable legal standards, the Court adopts the Report and Recommendation of
the Magistrate Judge and denies Plaintiffs motion for a TRO.
The Magistrate Judge makes only a recommendation to this Court. The recommendation
has no presumptive weight, and the responsibility to make a final decision remains with the
Court. Matthews v. Weber, 423 V.S. 261 (1976). The Court is charged with making a de novo
determination of those portions of the R & R to which specific objection is made, and may
accept, reject or modify, in whole or in part, the recommendation of the Magistrate Judge. 28
V.S.C. § 636(b)(1).
Plaintiff alleges willful and intentional patent infringement under 35 V.S.C. § 271 et. seq.
The patent at issue is V.S. Patent No. 7,997,044 (hereafter the "'044 Patent"), which was
assigned to Plaintiff on August 16, 20 II and directed to an Enclosure and Method for Making an
Enclosure. Plaintiff alleges that Defendant's product under the trademark VERSA WRAP
closely resembles its Column Wrap product and infringes at least Claims 17 and 19 of the '044
Patent. Plaintiff alleges that the development of Defendant's product was not innocent, its
activities have already resulted in the loss of Plaintiff's best customer and Plaintiff is unable to
compete with Defendant's lower prices. Plaintiff filed this motion for a TRO in light of
Defendant's plans to exhibit its product at a trade show on February 8, 2012.
As Defendant has received notice of the motion since the issuance of the R & R, the
Court now views Plaintiff's motion as a motion for preliminary injunction. The V.S. Supreme
Court set forth the standards for a preliminary injunction in Winter v. Natural Resources Defense
Council, Inc., 555 V.S. 7 (2008), where the Court held that Plaintiff must establish that he is
likely to succeed on the merits, that he will suffer irreparable harm if the preliminary injunction
is not granted, that the balance of the equities favors him, and that the preliminary injunction is
in the public interest. Winter, 555 V.S. at 20. In Real Truth About Obama, Inc. v. Federal
Election Commission, 575 F.3d 342 (4th Cir. 2009), the Fourth Circuit, inter alia, highlighted the
importance of demonstrating irreparable harm, noting that Winter "requires that the plaintiff
make a clear showing that it is likely to be irreparably harmed absent preliminary relief' as
opposed to the "possibility ofirreparable injury" standard that was explicitly rejected by Winter.
Id. at 347. As to the adequacy of money damages, the Federal Circuit has reasoned that "there is
no presumption that money damages will be inadequate in connection with a motion for an
injunction pendente lite. Some evidence and reasoned analysis for that inadequacy should be
proffered." Nutrition 21 v. Us., 930 F.2d 867, 871-72 (Fed Cir. 1991).
Plaintiff alleges that it has suffered irreparable harm - specifically that it has lost its most
important column wrap account, cut back its labor force by 70%, endured price erosion and loss
of goodwill, market share, and the exclusive right to a diligently commercialized and patented
product and significant layoffs. (Dkt. No. 5-1 at 12-16). The Magistrate Judge concluded that
Plaintiff is unable to demonstrate that a TRO, now viewed as a preliminary injunction, is
necessary to prevent future irreparable harm to Plaintiff and that a TRO is not an appropriate
vehicle for attempting to correct past harm.
Plaintiffs evidence demonstrates that Plaintiff's sales, which varied considerably, began
to decrease prior to July 2011. (Dkt. No. 5-2 at 31). In Plaintiff's objections, Plaintiff argues
that it did not begin its investigation of Defendant's product until after July 2011, as it was not
armed with its patent rights until after August 16,2011. (Dkt. No. 12 at 3). Plaintiff argues that
the Court should consider the time that it takes to investigate potential infringement claims and
to assess the extent of irreparable harm. (Dkt. No. 12 at 4). Plaintiff draws the Court's attention
to Bushnell, Inc. v. Brunton Co., 673 F.Supp.2d 1241 (D.Kan. 2009), where plaintiffs also
delayed bringing their lawsuit and injunction motion for many months after they learned of
defendants' potential infringement. Bushnell is distinguishable because "plaintiffs initially did
not perceive defendants as a real threat." 673 F.Supp.2d at 1264. Moreover, plaintiffs
communicated their concerns regarding possible infringement to defendants. Id. Plaintiff's sales
began decreasing sharply over the summer of 20 11, which surely would have put Plaintiff on
notice that Defendant was a real threat. Further, Plaintiff failed to place Defendant on notice of
the '044 Patent, which issued in August 2011, until February 2,2012. (Dkt. No. 17 at 15).
Plaintiff has made a colorable showing of past, but not the likelihood of future, irreparable harm.
Multi-Channel TV Cable Co. v. Charlottesville Quality Cable Operating Company, 22 F.3d 546,
552 (4th Cir. 1994)("[W]hen the failure to grant preliminary relief creates the possibility of
permanent loss of customers to a competitor or the loss of goodwill, the irreparable injury prong
is satisfied. ")(emphasis added).
Moreover, Plaintiffhas failed to demonstrate how money damages would be an
inadequate remedy. "Because the burden of proving irreparable harm is on MicroAire as the
patentee seeking the preliminary injunction, so too does it fall on MicroAire 'to demonstrate that
its potential losses cannot be compensated by monetary damages. '" MicroAire Surgical
Instruments, LLC v. Arthrex, Inc., 726 F.Supp.2d 604, 635 (W.O. Va. 2010)(quotingAutomated
Merchandising Sys., Inc. v. Crane Co., 357 Fed.Appx. 297, 301 (Fed. Cir. 2009)). Plaintiff
argues that "evidence of irreparable harm abounds" and points to the loss of its biggest
customer I . (Dkt. No. 12 at 5-6). Plaintiff asserts that loss of market share will continue, as
consumer demand for the product is increasing; that Defendant has already set lower prices than
Plaintiff; that other competitors will begin to purchase Defendant's product; that others in the
marketplace will be encouraged to infringe Plaintiff s product; and that a potential contract was
lost just last week. (Dkt. No. 12 at 7-8). In Bushnell, the district court relied on affidavits
produced by plaintiff with testimony detailing the likelihood of future economic loss - including
the danger of a price decrease and the threat of future lay-offs. Bushnell, 673 F .Supp.2d at 1262.
I Plaintiff confirms that no additional sales have been made to Atlantic Forest Products since October 2011. (Dkt.
No. 26-1 at I).
In this case, Plaintiffs sales have already dropped dramatically? (Dkt. No. 5-2 at 31).
Moreover, Plaintiffs assertion that its work force reduction occurred over a span of six to eight
months does not change the fact that its work force has already been cut by 70%.3 (Dkt. No. 12
1 at 3). Further, while Plaintifflearned that Defendant was preparing to engage in a "marketing
blitz", Plaintiff has not demonstrated how Defendant's presence at the IBS would detract from
Plaintiffs goodwill. (Dkt. No. 12-1 at 3). Indeed, Plaintiff argues that now that the IBS show is
over, Defendant's "assertions of innovation have greatly impacted Plaintiffs reputation in the
industry." (Dkt. No. 26 at 6). Yet, Plaintiff has not identified any specific examples of how
Plaintiffs reputation can suffer further harm that is not compensable through money damages.
The Court concludes that Plaintiff has not demonstrated how money damages would be
inadequate through the evidence before the Court at this time. Nutrition 21, 930 F.2d at 871-72.
Based upon the foregoing, the Court adopts the Report and Recommendation of the
Magistrate Judge. Plaintiffs motion for a TRO/ preliminary injunction (Dkt. No.5) is hereby
AND IT IS SO ORDERED.
Richard Mark G el
United States District Judge
February 7.1, 2012
Charleston, South Carolina
2 Plaintiff argues that its profit margins have shrunk by 10% since January 20 II due to increased costs for materials.
(Okt. No. 26-1 at 1). Again, Plaintiff has not demonstrated how this loss could not be compensated through money
3 As part ofits objections, Plaintiff presented an additional affidavit from Guerry E. Green, co-inventor of the
invention claimed in the '044 Patent and founder and owner of Plaintiff. Mr. Green testified that he learned of
Defendant's pricing only as of January 31, 2012 and only learned last week of the extent of Atlantic Forest
Product's reduction of sales. (Okt. No. 12-1 at 2). This does not alter the Magistrate Judge's conclusion that
Plaintiff has suffered past irreparable harm but that Plaintiff has failed to demonstrate how it will suffer any
additional irreparable harm that will not be compensable through money damages. (Okt. No. 12-1 at 2).
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