Rodriguez v. Bush
ORDER AND OPINION adopting 27 Report and Recommendation; granting 22 Motion for Summary Judgment. This Petition is DISMISSED with prejudice. In this case, the legal standard for the issuance of a certificate of appealability has not been met. Signed by Honorable J Michelle Childs on 3/19/2015.(ssam, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF SOUTH CAROLINA
Jorge Alberto Rodriguez,
Warden Dennis Bush,
Civil Action No. 2:14-cv-00286-JMC
ORDER AND OPINION
Petitioner Jorge Alberto Rodriguez (“Petitioner”) filed this pro se Petition for Writ of
Habeas Corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254 alleging ineffective assistance of trial counsel,
violation of due process and equal protection of the law, excessive sentence, and “violations of
my U.S. Constitutional Rights (Bill of Rights)—U.S.C.A. 1st, 4th, 5th, 14th and 8th.” (ECF No.
1.) This matter is before the court on Respondent Dennis Bush’s (“Respondent”) Motion for
Summary Judgment (ECF No. 22).
In accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 636(b) and Local Rule 73.02, the matter was referred to
United States Magistrate Judge Wallace W. Dixon for pre-trial handling. On September 24,
2014, the Magistrate Judge issued a Report and Recommendation (“Report”) recommending the
court grant Respondent’s Motion for Summary Judgment and dismiss the Petition with prejudice.
(ECF No. 27.) This review considers Petitioner’s Objections to the Report (“Objections”), filed
October 14, 2014. (ECF No. 29.) For the reasons set forth herein, the court ACCEPTS the
Magistrate Judge’s Report. The court thereby GRANTS Respondent’s Motion for Summary
Judgment (ECF No. 23) and DISMISSES the Petition with prejudice.
I. RELEVANT FACTUAL AND PROCEDURAL BACKGROUND
The court concludes upon its own careful review of the record that the factual and
procedural summation in the Magistrate Judge’s Report is accurate, and the court adopts this
summary as its own. (See ECF No. 27.) The court will only recite herein facts pertinent to the
analysis of Petitioner’s Objections.
Petitioner is currently housed in Broad River Correctional Institution, having transferred
from Lee Correctional Institution, where he was housed at the time he filed the Petition. (ECF
No. 1 at 1; see South Carolina Department of Corrections Incarcerated Inmate Search,
Both institutions are within the South Carolina
Department of Corrections. In December 2003, Petitioner was tried in absentia and convicted by
a jury of trafficking in cocaine over 200 grams, possession of a weapon during the commission
of a violent crime, and pointing and presenting a firearm. (ECF No. 27 at 4.) Petitioner was
sentenced to twenty-five (25) years in prison for the trafficking charge and five (5) years each for
each weapon charge. (Id.) Petitioner did not appeal the conviction or sentence. (Id.)
On February 17, 2005, Petitioner filed an application for Post-Conviction Relief (“PCR”),
asserting ineffective assistance of counsel, which was dismissed on August 6, 2008. (Id. at 4-5.)
Petitioner filed a second PCR application on January 25, 2010, which was dismissed on
November 16, 2010. (Id. at 5.) Petitioner filed a PCR appeal, which was dismissed on June 9,
2011. (Id. at 6.) The Supreme Court of South Carolina denied Petitioner’s writ of certiorari on
December 5, 2013. (Id.)
Petitioner filed this Petition on February 3, 2014, alleging four grounds: (1) ineffective
assistance of trial counsel, (2) violation of due process and equal protection of the law, (3)
excessive sentence, and (4) “violations of my U.S. Constitutional Rights (Bill of Rights)—
U.S.C.A. 1st, 4th, 5th, 14th and 8th.” (ECF No. 1 at 5-12.) Respondent filed a Motion for
Summary Judgment on June 27, 2014. (ECF Nos. 22, 23.)
On September 24, 2014, the Magistrate Judge issued the Report recommending the court
grant Respondent’s Motion and dismiss the Petition with prejudice. (ECF No. 27.) In the
Report, the Magistrate Judge found that Grounds 2, 3, and 4 were procedurally defaulted, as
Petitioner had not raised these claims for relief in any of his state court proceedings. (Id. at 11.)
Further, the Magistrate Judge found that Petitioner could not demonstrate cause and prejudice to
excuse the default. (Id.) On Ground 1, the Magistrate Judge found that Petitioner could not
demonstrate that the state court was unreasonable when it determined that his trial counsel was
not ineffective under the standard set forth in Strickland v. Washington, 466 U.S. 688 (1984).
Petitioner timely filed his Objections on October 14, 2014. (ECF No. 29.)
II. LEGAL STANDARD AND ANALYSIS
The Magistrate Judge’s Report is made in accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1) and
Local Civil Rule 73.02 for the District of South Carolina. The Magistrate Judge makes only a
recommendation to this court.
The recommendation has no presumptive weight.
responsibility to make a final determination remains with this court. See Matthews v. Weber, 423
U.S. 261, 270-71 (1976). This court is charged with making a de novo determination of those
portions of the Report to which specific objections are made, and the court may accept, reject, or
modify, in whole or in part, the Magistrate Judge’s recommendation, or recommit the matter
with instructions. See 28 U.S.C. § 636 (b)(1).
Objections to a Report and Recommendation must specifically identify portions of the
Report and the basis for those objections. Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b). “[I]n the absence of a timely
filed objection, a district court need not conduct a de novo review, but instead must ‘only satisfy
itself that there is no clear error on the face of the record in order to accept the
recommendation.’” Diamond v. Colonial Life & Acc. Ins. Co., 416 F.3d 310, 316 (4th Cir. 2005)
(quoting Fed. R. Civ. P. 72 advisory committee’s note). Failure to timely file specific written
objections to a Report will result in a waiver of the right to appeal from an Order from the court
based upon the Report. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 155 (1985); Wright
v. Collins, 766 F.2d 841 (4th Cir. 1985); United States v. Schronce, 727 F.2d 91, 94 (4th Cir.
If the petitioner fails to properly object because the objections lack the requisite
specificity, then de novo review by the court is not required.
As Petitioner is a pro se litigant, the court is required to liberally construe his arguments.
Gordon v. Leeke, 574 F.2d 1147, 1151 (4th Cir. 1978). The court addresses those arguments
that, under the mandated liberal construction, it has reasonably found to state a claim. Barnett v.
Hargett, 174 F.3d 1128, 1133 (10th Cir. 1999).
Petitioner’s Objections are a word-for-word repetition of his Motion for Denial of
Summary Judgment (ECF No. 26), which the Magistrate Judge had available for review at the
time the Report was issued. The Magistrate Judge was not persuaded by Petitioner’s arguments
and Petitioner offers no argument as to why the Magistrate Judge was mistaken in not finding his
arguments persuasive. In fact, the Petitioner makes no reference to the Report at all. As such,
Petitioner’s Objections lack the requisite specificity required by Federal Rule of Civil Procedure
72(b). Because Petitioner failed to properly object to the Report with specificity, the court does
not need to conduct a de novo review and instead must “only satisfy itself that there is no clear
error on the face of the record in order to accept the recommendation.” Diamond, 416 F.3d at
315. The court does not find clear error and accepts the Report by the Magistrate Judge.
Based on the aforementioned reasons and a thorough review of the Report of the
Magistrate Judge and the record in this case, the court ACCEPTS the Report of the Magistrate
Judge (ECF No. 27). It is therefore ordered that Respondent’s Motion for Summary Judgment
(ECF No. 23) is GRANTED and this Petition (ECF No. 1) is DISMISSED with prejudice.
Certificate of Appealability
The law governing certificates of appealability provides that:
(c)(2) A certificate of appealability may issue… only if the applicant has made a
substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right.
(c)(3) The certificate of appealability… shall indicate which specific issue or
issues satisfy the showing required by paragraph (2).
28 U.S.C. § 2253(c). A prisoner satisfies this standard by demonstrating that reasonable jurists
would find this court’s assessment of his constitutional claims is debatable or wrong and that any
dispositive procedural ruling by the district court is likewise debatable.
See Miller-El v.
Cockrell, 537 U.S. 322, 336 (2003); Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484 (2000); Rose v. Lee,
252 F.3d 676, 683 (4th Cir. 2001). In this case, the legal standard for the issuance of a certificate
of appealability has not been met.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
United States District Judge
March 19, 2015
Columbia, South Carolina
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