Carnes v. Commissioner of the Social Security Administration
ORDER RULING ON 22 REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION The Commissioner's final decision is affirmed. Signed by Honorable Timothy M Cain on 08/25/2015. (egra, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF SOUTH CAROLINA
Nicene Kemp Carnes,
Carolyn W. Colvin, Acting Commissioner
of Social Security,
Civil Action No. 4:14-2557-TMC
The plaintiff, Nicene Kemp Carnes (“Carnes”), brought this action pursuant to the Social
Security Act (“SSA”), 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), seeking judicial review of a final decision of the
Commissioner of Social Security (“Commissioner”), denying her claim for Disability Insurance
In accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1) and Local Civil Rule
73.02(B)(2)(a), D.S.C., this matter was referred to a magistrate judge for pretrial handling. Now
before this court is the magistrate judge’s Report and Recommendation (“Report”),
recommending that the court affirm the Commissioner’s decision. (ECF No. 22).1 In the Report,
the magistrate judge sets forth the relevant facts and legal standards, which are incorporated
herein by reference.
Carnes has filed objections to the Report (ECF No. 23), and the
Commissioner has responded to those objections (ECF No. 25). Accordingly, this matter is now
ripe for review.
The magistrate judge's recommendation has no presumptive weight, and the responsibility for making a final
determination remains with the United States District Court. Mathews v. Weber, 423 U.S. 261, 270 (1976). The
court is charged with making a de novo determination of those portions of the Report to which specific objection is
made. The court may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the recommendation made by the magistrate
judge or recommit the matter with instructions. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1).
Carnes applied for DIB on January 20, 2010, alleging disability beginning on April 21,
2008, when she was thirty-four years old. Carnes’s application was denied initially and on
reconsideration. On December 13, 2011, an Administrative Law Judge (“ALJ”) heard testimony
from Carnes and a vocational expert. On January 30, 2012, the ALJ issued a decision denying
Carnes sought review of her case by the Appeals Council. On October 24, 2012, the
Appeals Council remanded the case so that the ALJ could review new and material evidence.
On June 12, 2013, the ALJ held another hearing; at which Carnes, her father, and a vocational
expert testified. On July 18, 2013, the ALJ issued a second decision denying Carnes’s claim. In
her decision, the ALJ found that Carnes suffered from the following severe impairments: cervical
dystonia with residual headaches and obesity. (ECF No. 22 at 2). The ALJ found that, despite
Carnes’s limitations, jobs existed in significant numbers in the national economy that she could
perform. (ECF No. 22 at 3). Carnes sought review of her case by the Appeals Council. This
time the Appeals Council denied Carnes’s request for review, making the ALJ’s decision the
final decision of the Commissioner. This action followed.
STANDARD OF REVIEW
The federal judiciary has a limited role in the administrative scheme established by the
SSA. Section 405(g) of the Act provides, “the findings of the Commissioner of Social Security
as to any fact, if supported by substantial evidence, shall be conclusive . . . .” 42 U.S.C. §
405(g). “Substantial evidence has been defined . . . as more than a scintilla, but less than a
preponderance.” Thomas v. Celebrezze, 331 F.2d 541, 543 (4th Cir. 1964). This standard
precludes a de novo review of the factual circumstances that substitutes the court’s findings for
those of the Commissioner. Vitek v. Finch, 438 F.2d 1157 (4th Cir. 1971). Thus, in its review,
the court may not “undertake to re-weigh conflicting evidence, make credibility determinations,
or substitute [its] own judgment for that of the [Commissioner].” Craig v. Chater, 76 F.3d 585,
589 (4th Cir. 1996).
However, “[f]rom this it does not follow . . . that the findings of the administrative
agency are to be mechanically accepted. The statutorily granted right of review contemplates
more than an uncritical rubber stamping of the administrative agency.” Flack v. Cohen, 413 F.2d
278, 279 (4th Cir. 1969). Rather, “the courts must not abdicate their responsibility to give
careful scrutiny to the whole record to assure that there is a sound foundation for the
[Commissioner’s] findings, and that this conclusion is rational.” Vitek, 438 F.2d at 1157–58.
Carnes’s only specific objection to the Report concerns the weight afforded to residual
functional capacity (“RFC”) evaluations completed by Dr. Robert Schwartz (“Dr. Schwartz”) on
March 14, 2012, and on May 14, 2013. (ECF No. 23 at 2). She claims that the evidence cited by
the magistrate judge should not be accepted. (ECF No. 2). The ALJ gave little weight to the
opinions cited by Carnes because they were inconsistent with Carnes’s daily life and the medical
records. (ECF No. 9-2 at 22). The ALJ considered these opinions in light of Carnes’s daily life
activities, as well as the impact that Botox has on her abilities. (ECF No. 9-2 at 22). The ALJ
further considered these opinions in light of the medical record. Carnes focuses her objection on
the findings by the magistrate judge that these opinions are inconsistent with the consulting
examination performed by Dr. David N. Holt on May 5, 2010, and that she could not afford
Botox. (ECF No. 23 at 2–3). Carnes does not object to the magistrate judge’s determination that
the RFC evaluations were inconsistent with Carnes’s daily life. The court finds that the ALJ
properly weighed the medical opinions in light of the objective medical evidence, impact of the
Botox treatment, and Carnes’s daily life activities. The weight afforded to the opinions is
supported by substantial evidence, and the court declines Carnes’s invitation to reweigh the
Carnes’s remaining arguments reiterate the same arguments that she made before the
magistrate judge. See Nichols v. Colvin, No. 2:14-cv-50, 2015 WL 1185894, at *8 (E.D. Va.
Mar. 13, 2015) (stating that “a mere restatement of the arguments raised in the summary
judgment filings does not constitute an “objection” for the purposes of district court review”
(citation omitted)). Those arguments were adequately addressed in the well-reasoned and wellwritten Report. In sum, the court finds that the findings of the ALJ are supported by substantial
After carefully reviewing the record, the court finds that the ALJ, in reviewing the
medical history and subjective testimony, conducted a thorough and detailed review of Carnes’s
impairments, arguments, and functional capacity. Likewise, the magistrate judge considered
each of Carnes’s arguments and properly addressed each in turn, finding them without merit.
The court finds no basis for disturbing the Report. Accordingly, the court adopts the Report and
its recommended disposition. Therefore, for the reasons set out above and in the Report, the
Commissioner's final decision is AFFIRMED.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
s/Timothy M. Cain
United States District Judge
Anderson, South Carolina
August 25, 2015
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