Breyan v. Classification
ORDER adopting 40 Report and Recommendation of Magistrate Judge Mary Gordon Baker. The Court summarily dismisses this action without prejudice and without issuance and service of process. Signed by Honorable Bruce Howe Hendricks on 11/6/2017.(ssam, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF SOUTH CAROLINA
Michael A. Breyan, #332098,
Civil Action No. 2:17-cv-62-BHH
This matter is before the Court upon Michael A. Breyan’s pro se complaint filed
pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. In accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and Local Civil
Rule 73.02(B)(2)(a), D.S.C., the matter was referred to a United States Magistrate Judge
for preliminary review.
Plaintiff initially filed this action on January 6, 2017, against unspecified
“Classification Employees,” alleging that he was incorrectly classified while incarcerated
at Lieber Correctional Institution in Ridgeville, South Carolina. The Magistrate Judge
issued a report and recommendation (“Report”), recommending summary dismissal based
on Plaintiff’s failure to sue a “person” amenable to suit for purposes of § 1983. Plaintiff
failed to file objections to the Report, and he did not request to amend his complaint.
Accordingly, the Court entered an order adopting the Report and summarily dismissing this
action. Subsequently, the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals remanded the case with
instructions “to allow Breyan to amend his complaint.” Thus, the Court entered an order
on June 27, 2017, directing “Plaintiff Michael A. Breyan to file his amended complaint, if
any, no later than 30 days from the entry of this order.” (ECF No. 24.)
On July 19, 2017, Plaintiff filed his first post-remand amended complaint. (ECF No.
28.) Like his original complaint, Plaintiff’s first amended complaint listed a collective term,
“Classification,” as the sole Defendant. Given Plaintiff’s pro se status and the history of
this case, the Magistrate Judge granted Plaintiff another opportunity to amend his pleading
to name a person as a Defendant. (ECF No. 31.) The Magistrate Judge specifically
instructed Plaintiff to sue an individual person and not an entire department and advised
Plaintiff that release from prison is not an available form of relief, nor are cars and houses.
(ECF No. 31.)
On September 6, 2017, Plaintiff filed a second amended complaint, again naming
Defendant only as “Classification Officials.” (ECF No. 35.)
Along with his second
amended complaint, Plaintiff filed an incorrect and incomplete summons.
On October 17, 2017, the Magistrate Judge entered a Report outlining the history
of this case and the recommending that the Court again summarily dismiss this action for
failure to state a claim, based on Plaintiff’s failure to identify specific individuals as
Defendants and his failure to allege specific acts on the part of any individual Defendants.
Attached to the Report was a notice advising Plaintiff of his right to file written objections
to the Report within fourteen days of receiving a copy. To date, no objections have been
The Magistrate Judge makes only a recommendation to the Court.
recommendation has no presumptive weight, and the responsibility to make a final
determination remains with the Court. Mathews v. Weber, 423 U.S. 261 (1976). The Court
is charged with making a de novo determination only of those portions of the Report to
which specific objections are made, and the Court may accept, reject, or modify, in whole
or in part, the recommendation of the Magistrate Judge, or recommit the matter to the
Magistrate Judge with instructions. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). In the absence of specific
objections, the Court reviews the matter only for clear error. See Diamond v. Colonial Life
& Accident Ins. Co., 416 F.3d 310, 315 (4th Cir. 2005) (stating that “in the absence of a
timely filed objection, a district court need not conduct a de novo review, but instead must
‘only satisfy itself that there is no clear error on the face of the record in order to accept the
recommendation.’ “) (quoting Fed. R. Civ. P. 72 advisory committee’s note).
Here, because no objections were filed, the Court has reviewed the record, the
applicable law, and the findings and recommendations of the Magistrate Judge for clear
error. Finding none, the Court hereby adopts and incorporates the Magistrate Judge’s
Report (ECF No. 40) and summarily dismisses this action without prejudice and without
issuance and service of process.
AND IT IS SO ORDERED.
/s/Bruce H. Hendricks
The Honorable Bruce Howe Hendricks
United States District Judge
November 6, 2017
Charleston, South Carolina
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