Reynolds v. South Carolina, State of et al
ORDER AND OPINION adopting 9 Report and Recommendation of Magistrate Judge Mary Gordon Baker. This action is DISMISSED with prejudice. This dismissal counts as a "strike" for purposes of 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). Signed by Honorable Bruce Howe Hendricks on 4/18/2017.(ssam, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF SOUTH CAROLINA
Nathanael L. Reynolds,
State of South Carolina, et al.,
Civil Action No.: 2:17-681-BHH
ORDER AND OPINION
Nathanael L. Reynolds (“Plaintiff”), proceeding pro se and in forma
pauperis, filed this action alleging that the State of South Carolina and the County of
Charleston violated his rights under the Sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution
by not affording him a preliminary hearing in his pending state criminal prosecution, for
which he remains in pretrial detention. (ECF No. 1.) This matter is before the Court for
review of the Report and Recommendation (“Report”) of United States Magistrate Judge
Mary Gordon Baker made in accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 636(b) and Local Rule 73.02 for
the District of South Carolina.
On March 15, 2017, the Magistrate Judge issued a Report recommending: (1) that
this case be summarily dismissed with prejudice, and without issuance or service of
process; and (2) that such dismissal should count as a “strike” for purposes of 28 U.S.C.
§ 1915(g). (ECF No. 9.) Plaintiff filed objections (ECF No. 11) to the Report on March 24,
The Magistrate Judge makes only a recommendation to this Court. The
recommendation has no presumptive weight. The responsibility for making a final
determination remains with the Court. Mathews v. Weber, 423 U.S. 261, 270 (1976). The
Court must make a de novo determination of those portions of the Report, or specified
proposed findings or recommendations to which specific objection is made. 28 U.S.C. §
636(b)(1)(C). The Court may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the Report or
may recommit the matter to the Magistrate Judge with instructions. Id. In the absence of
a timely filed objection, a district court need not conduct a de novo review, but instead must
“only satisfy itself that there is no clear error on the face of the record in order to accept the
recommendation.” Diamond v. Colonial Life & Acc. Ins. Co., 416 F.3d 310, 315 (4th Cir.
2005). De novo review is also “unnecessary in . . . situations when a party makes general
and conclusory objections that do not direct the court to a specific error in the magistrate’s
proposed findings and recommendations.” Orpiano v. Johnson, 687 F.2d 44, 47 (4th Cir.
In reviewing these pleadings, the Court is mindful of the plaintiff’s pro se status.
This Court is charged with liberally construing the pleadings of a pro se litigant. See, e.g.,
De’Lonta v. Angelone, 330 F.3d 630, 633 (4th Cir. 2003). The requirement of a liberal
construction does not mean, however, that the Court can ignore a plaintiff’s clear failure
to allege facts that set forth a cognizable claim, or that the Court must assume the
existence of a genuine issue of material fact where none exists. See United States v.
Wilson, 699 F.3d 789, 797 (4th Cir. 2012).
Plaintiff filed objections (ECF No. 11) to the Report, which the Court has carefully
reviewed.1 First, Plaintiff argues that he was never indicted by a grand jury for the charges
pending against him in the Charleston County Court of General Sessions. Plaintiff is
mistaken. The Magistrate’s Report references an indictment pending against Plaintiff in
Williamsburg County for criminal charges of burglary first degree. (See ECF No. 9 at 6.)
However, Plaintiff also has an indictment pending against him in Charleston County for
As always, the Court says only what is necessary to address Petitioner’s objections against the already
meaningful backdrop of a thorough Report of the Magistrate Judge, incorporated by specific reference, herein,
to the degree not inconsistent. Comprehensive recitation of law and fact exists there.
criminal charges of threatening the life, person, or family of a public official.2 This objection
Second, Plaintiff repeats his claim about his supposed right to a preliminary hearing
in the pending case. Plaintiff has no such right. As the Magistrate Judge more than
adequately explained in her Report, “It has been a long-standing rule that the return of an
indictment by the grand jury eliminates the requirement of holding a preliminary hearing.”
United States v. Soriano–Jar quin, 492 F.3d 495, 502 (4th Cir. 2007), cert. denied, 552
U.S. 1189 (2008). This objection is overruled.
Third, Plaintiff objects to the Magistrate Judge’s conclusion that the relief sought,
to wit, removal of Plaintiff’s pending criminal case to federal court, is unavailable. However,
Plaintiff’s arguments here are all premised on his mistaken claim of right to a preliminary
hearing, which is baseless. Moreover, Plaintiff has demonstrated neither the substantive,
nor the procedural grounds for removal under 28 U.S.C. §§ 1442, 1442a, and 1455, and
he has not even begun to explain why this Court should contradict the fundamental policy,
repeatedly affirmed by the U.S. Supreme Court, against federal courts interfering with state
criminal prosecutions. See Younger v. Harris, 401 U.S. 37, 44 (1971). This objection is
Fourth, Plaintiff objects to the Magistrate Judge’s conclusion that the instant matter
is a duplicate of another case Plaintiff has pending before this Court, Reynolds v. South
Carolina, Case No. 4:17-cv-298-BHH-MGB. Plaintiff points out that Case No. 4:17-cv-298
is brought against defendants State of South Carolina and County of Williamsburg,
whereas the instant case is brought against defendants State of South Carolina and
See http://jcmsweb.charlestoncounty.org/PublicIndex/CaseDetails site for records related to “Nathanael
Leonard Reynolds”. Public records indicate that the Charleston County Grand Jury returned a true bill of
indictment, number 2016GS1003034, against Plaintiff on June 13, 2016, for the charge of “0541 Threat/Threatening life, person or family of public official, teacher, principal”. See Case No. 2015-A-1010204988.
County of Charleston. Plaintiff argues that the Magistrate Judge has confused the two
underlying state court criminal prosecutions. However, the distinction between the federal
cases is immaterial to the viability of Plaintiff’s claims therein, which are indeed identical,
namely, that his constitutional rights were violated because he was denied a preliminary
hearing after having requested one. Plaintiff was indicted in both underlying state court
prosecutions; therefore, his claim regarding the denial of his putative right to a preliminary
hearing is equally unavailing in both federal cases. Plaintiff has also unsuccessfully raised
this theory in another case in front of Judge Lewis, wherein it was fully explained to him
that the lack of a preliminary hearing does not give rise to a constitutional claim so long as
probable cause has been established in the form of an indictment. See Reynolds v. Brown,
Case No. 4:15-cv-865-MGL-SVH, 2015 WL 4077168, *2 n.1 (D.S.C. Mar. 5, 2015),
adopted by 2015 WL 4078552 (D.S.C. June 30, 2015). Plaintiff’s re-pleading the same
frivolous theory here, hoping for a different result, is a waste of judicial resources.
The Court finds that the Report fairly and accurately summarizes the facts, with a
minor correction regarding the associated indictment in Charleston County, and applies the
correct principles of law, and the Court agrees with the analysis of the Magistrate Judge.
Plaintiff has not stated a plausible claim for relief and the case is frivolous.
For the reasons stated above and by the Magistrate Judge, and after de novo
review, the Court overrules Plaintiff’s objections, and adopts and incorporates by reference
the Magistrate Judge’s Report, to the degree not inconsistent. Accordingly, this action is
DISMISSED with prejudice. This dismissal counts as a “strike” for purposes of 28 U.S.C.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
/s/Bruce Howe Hendricks
United States District Judge
April 18, 2017
Greenville, South Carolina
NOTICE OF RIGHT TO APPEAL
The parties are hereby notified that any right to appeal this Order is governed by
Rules 3 and 4 of the Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure.
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