Lanier et al v. Branch Bank & Trust et al
ORDER denying 22 Motion for Reconsideration re 18 Order on Motion to Stay, filed by Randy D Lanier, Cathy G Lanier Signed by Chief Judge Margaret B Seymour on 3/2/2012.(abuc)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF SOUTH CAROLINA
Cathy G. Lanier, Randy D. Lanier,
) C/A No. 3:12-0416-MBS-SVH
Branch Bank & Trust; and Bayview Loan )
Appellees Branch Bank & Trust and Bayview Loan Servicing, LLC are holders of certain
commercial notes and mortgages executed by Appellants Cathy G. Lanier and Randy D. Lanier.
Appellees obtained judgments and decrees of foreclosure in the Court of Common Pleas for
Lexington County, South Carolina, in the fall of 2011. ECF Nos. 13-4, 13-5. Appellants filed for
relief under the United States Bankruptcy Code. However, by order dated November 7, 2011, United
States Bankruptcy Judge David R. Duncan granted a motion to dismiss Appellants’ bankruptcy case
on the grounds that the amount of Appellants’ secured and unsecured debt exceeds the limitations
provided by 11 U.S.C. § 109(e), so that Appellants are not eligible for relief under Chapter 13 of the
Bankruptcy Code. ECF No. 13-8. Foreclosure sales of the property were scheduled for November
On November 8, 2011, Appellants filed a second bankruptcy case. On January 3, 2012, Chief
Bankruptcy Judge John E. Waites issued an order dismissing the case with prejudice. Judge Waites
concluded that Appellants had filed the second bankruptcy case in bad faith and to impede
Appellee’s foreclosure sales. Judge Waites further noted that the documents submitted by Appellants
at a hearing had no legal effect, and that their assertion of payment had been rejected by Judge
Duncan and in state court. ECF No. 13-6, 13, 14. As a consequence, Appellees obtained
supplemental judgments and decrees of foreclosure. ECF Nos. 13-6, 13-7. A foreclosure sale on
the properties now is scheduled to take place on Monday, March 5, 2012.
Appellants, proceeding pro se, filed an appeal from the bankruptcy judge’s order on February
14, 2012. Also on February 14, 2012, Appellants filed a motion to stay the foreclosure sale. ECF
No. 3. Appellees filed a response in opposition on February 24, 2012. Appellants filed a second
motion to stay on February 28, 2012. On February 28, 2012, the court issued an order denying the
stay, noting that Appellants did not meet their burden of establishing entitlement to such injunctive
relief. See Winter v. Natural Res. Defense Council, Inc., 129 S. Ct. 365, 374 (2008). Specifically,
the court noted that Appellants failed to make a clear showing that they are likely to succeed on the
merits of their claim. This matter now is before the court on Appellants’ emergency motion to
reconsider denial of their motion to stay, which motion was filed on March 1, 2012. See Fed. R. Civ.
Although Rule 59 addresses grounds for new trials, some courts have reasoned that the
concept of a new trial under Rule 59 is broad enough to include a rehearing of any matter decided
by the court without a jury. 11 Wright & Miller, Federal Practice & Procedure § 2804.
Notwithstanding the broad nature of Rule 59, motions for reconsideration are disfavored. They are
not a matter of routine practice. Settino v. City of Chicago, 642 F. Supp. 755, 759 (N.D. Ill. 1986).
Several courts have observed that they are neither expressly cognizable under the Federal Rules of
Civil Procedure nor authorized by the local rules of the district court. See, e.g., Fisher v. Samuels,
691 F. Supp. 63, 74 (N.D. Ill. 1988).
Motions for reconsideration are inappropriate merely to introduce new legal theories or new
evidence that could have been adduced during the pendency of the prior motion. Keene Corp. v.
International Fidelity Ins. Co., 561 F. Supp. 656 (N.D. Ill.), aff'd, 736 F.2d 388 (7th Cir. 1982). The
Fourth Circuit recognizes only three limited grounds for a district court's grant of a motion under
Rule 59(e): (1) to accommodate an intervening change in controlling law; (2) to account for new
evidence not available earlier; or (3) to correct a clear error of law or prevent manifest injustice.
Hutchinson v. Staton, 994 F.2d 1076 (4th Cir. 1993). The Fourth Circuit has emphasized that
counsel’s mere disagreement with the court's ruling does not warrant a Rule 59(e) motion. Id. (citing
Atkins v. Marathon LeTourneau Co., 130 F.R.D. 625, 626 (S.D. Miss. 1990)).
Appellants assert, as they have in state court and before the bankruptcy court, that the notes
and mortgages held by Appellees are invalid and/or have been discharged. Appellants assert that
they require additional fact-finding to prove their contention, and that they will be irreparably harmed
by a sale of their properties. As the court previously noted, both the state court and the bankruptcy
court previously have ruled adversely to Appellants as to their contention. Nevertheless, the court
has thoroughly reviewed the record and Appellants’ arguments. For the reasons set forth in its order
of February 28, 2012, the court again concludes that Appellants cannot meet their burden under
Appellants have not established an intervening change in controlling law; new evidence, or
a clear error of law. Appellants’ motion to reconsider (ECF No. 22) is denied.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
/s/ Margaret B. Seymour
United States District Judge
Columbia, South Carolina
March 2, 2012.
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