Haynes v. Paree
ORDER RULING ON REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION. The court hereby overrules all of Plaintiff's Objections and adopts and incorporates by reference the Magistrate Judge's R&R 11 . Accordingly, it is therefore ORDERED that this action is DISMISSED without prejudice. Signed by Honorable R Bryan Harwell on 3/27/2012. (mcot, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF SOUTH CAROLINA
Aubrey Vernell Haynes,
Ms. Paree, Nubian Princess Ent.; is being )
sued in her official, individual, and
personal capacities; jointly and separately, )
et al. Defendant being sued in her
individual and personal capacities, jointly )
and separately for declaratory, injunctive )
and monetary, etc.,
Civil Action No.: 4:12-cv-00329-RBH
Plaintiff, proceeding pro se, filed this civil action. It appears that Plaintiff is an inmate at a
Michigan state correctional facility. This matter is before the court with the [Docket Entry 11]
Report and Recommendation (“R&R”) of United States Magistrate Judge Kaymani D. West1 filed
on February 27, 2012. In her R&R, the Magistrate Judge “recommend[ed] that the district [court]
dismiss the Complaint in this case without prejudice.” (R&R at 1.) Plaintiff timely filed Objections
to the R&R. (See Obj. [Docket Entry 13].)
In his Complaint, Plaintiff alleges that, on October 17, 2011, he sent an institutional check
for ten (10) dollars to Defendant, who allegedly lives in Timmonsville, South Carolina. (Compl.
[Docket Entry 1] at 3.) Plaintiff alleges that he sent the ten (10) dollars to purchase a “‘color photo
catalog’, and (8x10) photo.” (Id.) It is further alleged that Defendant received the ten (10) dollars,
This matter was referred to Magistrate Judge W est pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and Local Rule
but failed to provide Plaintiff, a “public consumer/customer,” with the purchased products. (Id.) He
alleges that Defendant “failed to ‘live-up’ to her ‘duties and obligations’ as an ‘owner’ of a
legitimate-corporation.” (Id.) Plaintiff states that he is litigating the following issues: false
advertisement, consumer fraud, breach of contract, embezzlement, and fraud/theft. (Id. at 2.) For
relief, he specifically seeks the following: a declaratory ruling that Defendant violated the “Customer
Rights Act/Law” and violated Plaintiff’s constitutional rights to due process and equal protection;
and, compensatory and punitive damages. (Id. at 4.)
Standard of Review
The Magistrate Judge makes only a recommendation to the court. The recommendation has
no presumptive weight. The responsibility to make a final determination remains with the court.
Mathews v. Weber, 423 U.S. 261, 270-71 (1976). The court is charged with making a de novo
determination of those portions of the Report to which specific objection is made, and the court may
accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the recommendation of the Magistrate Judge, or
recommit the matter with instructions. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1).
The court is obligated to conduct a de novo review of every portion of the Magistrate Judge’s
report to which objections have been filed. Id. However, the court need not conduct a de novo
review when a party makes only “general and conclusory objections that do not direct the court to
a specific error in the magistrate’s proposed findings and recommendations.” Orpiano v. Johnson,
687 F.2d 44, 47 (4th Cir. 1982). In the absence of a timely filed, specific objection, the Magistrate
Judge’s conclusions are reviewed only for clear error. See Diamond v. Colonial Life & Accident Ins.
Co., 416 F.3d 310, 315 (4th Cir. 2005).
In her R&R, the Magistrate Judge concluded that Plaintiff’s Complaint provided no basis for
either federal question jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1331 or diversity jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C.
§ 1332. (R&R at 3-7.) Upon review of the R&R and Objections, this court agrees.
As an initial matter, the undersigned notes that the Magistrate Judge concluded “the
Complaint does not allege the amount in controversy to satisfy diversity jurisdiction.” (Id. at 7.)
More specifically, the Magistrate Judge concluded as follows: “Plaintiff does not allege a sufficient
amount in controversy because he seeks unspecified compensatory and punitive damages, and the
underlying dispute relates to a $10 purchase of goods.” (Id. at 6.) Although Plaintiff filed Objections
to the R&R, which will be discussed in full below, nowhere in those Objections does Plaintiff assert
or argue that the Magistrate Judge erred in her finding regarding the amount in controversy.
Accordingly, after reviewing the record for clear error and finding none, the court adopts this
recommendation of the Magistrate Judge.2 See Diamond, 416 F.3d at 315.
In addition, the Magistrate Judge also concluded that “Plaintiff d[id] not allege a cognizable
federal question claim that would give this court subject matter jurisdiction over this action.” (R&R
at 5.) Plaintiff specifically objected to this recommendation. First, Plaintiff contends that he has
raised a federal claim under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and the Fourteenth Amendment. (Obj. at 1-2.)
However, to the extent that Plaintiff has attempted to raise such a claim, he has failed because
Defendant is a private individual and not a state actor. As accurately noted by the Magistrate Judge,
Additionally, the Magistrate Judge also found that “if Plaintiff is seeking to hold Defendant criminally
liable for theft or embezzlement, such relief is not available in this action.” (R&R at 7.) The court notes
that in his Objections, however, Plaintiff indicated that he “‘is not’ seeking to hold Defendant  criminally
liable . . . ‘only’ civilally [sic] liable.” (Obj. at 3.)
purely private conduct, no matter how wrongful or discriminatory, generally is not actionable under
§ 1983 and the United States Constitution. See Lugar v. Edmondson Oil Co., 457 U.S. 922, 936
(1983); see also Blum v. Yaretsky, 457 U.S. 991, 1002 (1982) (“T[he] [Fourteenth] Amendment
erects no shield against merely private conduct, however discriminatory or wrongful.” (internal
citations and quotations omitted)). This objection is therefore overruled. Second, Plaintiff contends
that he has also asserted a claim under the Federal Trade Commission Act. (Obj. at 2.) However,
while this objection does clarify upon which federal statute Plaintiff attempts to rely, it fails to
address the Magistrate Judge’s ultimate conclusion that “[t]he FTC Act . . . does not give individuals
a private cause of action.” (R&R at 5 (citing 15 U.S.C. § 45(a)(1)).)3 The court overrules this
objection, as “[i]t is well-settled that there is no private, federal claim for . . . violations of the
Federal Trade Commission Act.” Summey v. Ford Motor Credit Co., 449 F. Supp. 132, 135 (D.S.C.
1976) (citing Moore v. N.Y. Cotton Exhange, 270 U.S. 593 (1926)); see also King v. Wilmington
Transit Co., 976 F. Supp. 356, 358 (E.D.N.C. 1997) (“Congress did not intend to create a private
cause of action by enacting the FTCA.”) Accordingly, the undersigned ultimately concludes, as did
the Magistrate Judge, that Plaintiff has failed to allege a cognizable federal question claim giving
rise to subject matter jurisdiction.
Finally, Plaintiff attempts to argue that this court has supplemental jurisdiction to hear his
“state law claims” of “breach of contract, fraud and a violation of the South Carolina Unfair Trade
Practices Act.” (Obj. at 2.) While it is true that federal courts are allowed to hear and decide state-
The court notes that although the Magistrate Judge initially indicated that “Plaintiff d[id] not rely on a
specific federal statute,” she went on to analyze both the Federal Trade Commission Act and the Lanham
Act anyway. (R&R at 4-5.) The Magistrate Judge ultimately concluded that neither act provided Plaintiff, a
customer/consumer, with a private cause of action. (Id.)
law claims in conjunction with federal-law claims, through the exercise of “supplemental
jurisdiction,”4 because Plaintiff has asserted no valid, cognizable federal claims, this court lacks any
such supplemental jurisdiction. Accordingly, this objection is without merit.5
The court has thoroughly reviewed the entire record, including the R&R and Objections, and
the applicable law. For the reasons stated above and by the Magistrate Judge, the court hereby
overrules all of Plaintiff’s Objections and adopts and incorporates by reference the Magistrate
Judge’s R&R. Accordingly, it is therefore ORDERED that this action is DISMISSED without
IT IS SO ORDERED.
s/R. Bryan Harwell
R. Bryan Harwell
United States District Judge
Florence, South Carolina
March 27, 2012
Section 1367 of Title 28 of the United States Code specifically provides that “in any civil action of which
the district courts have original jurisdiction, the district courts shall have supplemental jurisdiction over all
other claims that are so related to claims in the action within such original jurisdiction that they form part of
the same case or controversy under Article III of the United States Constitution.”
As an additional matter, the court notes that Plaintiff mentions in his Objections that he wishes “to amend
his original complaint.” (Obj. at 3.) However, Plaintiff has not provided the court with any amended
complaint, nor has he even indicated to the court why or how he intends to amend the complaint. In
denying his request, the court further notes that this Order dismisses his original complaint without
prejudice to his right to re-file another complaint in the future.
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