Harmon v. Bryant et al
ORDER RULING ON REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION. The court adopts and incorporatesthe Report and Recommendation 14 by reference in this Order. Accordingly, Defendant York County Sheriff Department is dismissed without prejudice and without issuance of process. Signed by Honorable Cameron McGowan Currie on 01/14/2013. (dsto, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF SOUTH CAROLINA
Anthony Jerome Harmon,
Bruce M. Bryant; James F. Arwood;
Richard L. Martin, Jr.; James Garvin;
James Jewell, MD; Tammy M. Dover, RN; )
York County Sheriff Department; York
County Detention Center,
C/A NO. 4:12-3417-CMC-TER
OPINION and ORDER
This matter is before the court on Plaintiff’s pro se complaint, filed in this court pursuant to
42 U.S.C. § 1983.
In accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 636(b) and Local Civil Rule 73.02 (B)(2)(d), DSC, this
matter was referred to United States Magistrate Judge Thomas E. Rogers, III, for pre-trial
proceedings and a Report and Recommendation (“Report”). On December 20, 2012, the Magistrate
Judge issued a Report recommending that Defendant York County Sheriff Department be dismissed
from this matter without prejudice and without service of process. The Magistrate Judge advised
Plaintiff of the procedures and requirements for filing objections to the Report and the serious
consequences if he failed to do so. Plaintiff filed objections to the Report on January 2, 2013.
The Magistrate Judge makes only a recommendation to this court. The recommendation has
no presumptive weight, and the responsibility to make a final determination remains with the court.
See Mathews v. Weber, 423 U.S. 261 (1976). The court is charged with making a de novo
determination of any portion of the Report of the Magistrate Judge to which a specific objection is
made. The court may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the recommendation made by
the Magistrate Judge or recommit the matter to the Magistrate Judge with instructions. See 28
U.S.C. § 636(b).
After conducting a de novo review as to objections made, and considering the record, the
applicable law, the Report and Recommendation of the Magistrate Judge, and Plaintiff’s objections,
the court agrees with the conclusions of the Report. Accordingly, the court adopts and incorporates
the Report and Recommendation by reference in this Order. Additionally, the court also directs the
Clerk to add Defendant York County Detention Center (YCDC) to the listed Defendants in this
Plaintiff’s objections first indicate that his name is incorrectly listed on the docket of this
matter and in the Report. The court hereby directs the Clerk to correct the docket of this matter to
reflect Plaintiff’s name as Anthony Jerome Harmon.
Plaintiff’s complaint clearly lists Defendant York County Detention Center as a Defendant
in this matter, and Plaintiff seeks relief from this Defendant. See Compl. at 8 (ECF No. 1). The
docket of this matter does not list YCDC as a defendant, nor does the Report address this Defendant.
However, Plaintiff argues in his objections that “it would be a miscarriage of justice to summarily
dismiss . . . the York County Sheriff Department and York County Detention Center” from this
matter. Obj. at 3 (ECF No. 17) (emphasis added).
The York County Detention Center is a group of buildings or a facility. Inanimate objects,
such as buildings, facilities, and grounds, do not act under color of state law. Hence, the YCDC
Center is not a “person” subject to suit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. See Preval v. Reno, 57 F. Supp. 2d
307, 310 (E.D. Va. 1999) (“[T]he Piedmont Regional Jail is not a ‘person,’ and therefore not
amenable to suit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983.”); Brooks v. Pembroke City Jail, 722 F. Supp. 1294, 1301
(E.D.N.C. 1989) (“Claims under § 1983 are directed at ‘persons’ and the jail is not a person
amenable to suit.”); Cf. Roach v. West Virginia Regional Jail and Correctional Facility, 74 F.3d 46,
48 (4th Cir. 1996). Accordingly, despite Plaintiff’s objections, Defendant York County Detention
Center must be, and is, dismissed from this matter without prejudice and without issuance and
service of process.
As to Defendant York County Sheriff Department, Plaintiff contends that this Defendant
should not be dismissed because this Defendant is “clear[ly]” an “arm of the State Government,”
Obj. at 1, and it would be a “miscarriage of justice” to dismiss this Defendant. Obj. at 3. However,
this contention is without merit. Accordingly, Defendant York County Sheriff Department is
dismissed without prejudice and without issuance of process.
This matter is returned to the Magistrate Judge for further pretrial proceedings.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
s/ Cameron McGowan Currie
CAMERON MCGOWAN CURRIE
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Columbia, South Carolina
January 14, 2013
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?