Gamez-Gonzalez v. United States of America
ORDER RULING ON REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION: The court REJECTS the Magistrate Judge's Report (ECF No. 21 ), in light of Plaintiff satisfying his administrative remedies exhaustion requirements, and REMANDS this matter to the Magistrate Judge for further action consistent with this ruling.IT IS SO ORDERED. Signed by Honorable J Michelle Childs on 01/23/2017. (dsto, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF SOUTH CAROLINA
Jose Gamez-Gonzalez, #71222-079
United States of America,
Civil Action No.: 4:14-cv-02668-JMC
ORDER AND OPINION
Plaintiff Jose Gamez-Gonzalez (“Plaintiff”) filed this pro se and in forma pauperis action
against the United States of America (“Defendant”), pursuant to the Federal Tort Claims Act, 28
U.S.C. §§ 2671-80 (“FTCA”), alleging medical neglect and refusal of care, and the falsification of
medical records at the Bureau of Prisons Estill Satellite Camp (“FCI-Estill”). (ECF No. 1-2 at 3.) 1
Plaintiff seeks monetary damages, and also requests a trial in order to expose the above allegations.
(Id. at 4.)
In accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and Local Rule 73.02(B)(2)(g) (D.S.C.), the
matter was referred to United States Magistrate Judge Thomas E. Rogers, III for pre-trial handling.
On November 14, 2014, the Magistrate Judge issued a Report and Recommendation (“Report”)
recommending the court dismiss the case without prejudice and without issuance and service of
process because Plaintiff had failed to exhaust his administrative remedies prior to filing suit.
(ECF No. 21 at 1, 4.) This review considers Plaintiff’s Objections to the Report (“Objections”)
Plaintiff initially filed his Complaint on July 1, 2014. (ECF No. 1.) However, after the court’s
August 19, 2014 Proper Form Order (ECF No. 4), Plaintiff submitted a court approved Complaint
on September 9, 2014. (ECF No. 1-2.). Additionally, in other court documents the Estill Satellite
Camp is referred to as the Federal Correctional Institution (FCI) Estill, South Carolina, or the
Federal Prison Camp Estill.
filed December 1, 2014. (ECF No. 23.) For the reasons set forth herein, the court REJECTS the
Magistrate Judge’s Report, in light of Plaintiff satisfying his administrative remedies exhaustion
requirements, and REMANDS this action to the Magistrate Judge for further proceedings
consistent with this ruling.
I. RELEVANT FACTUAL AND PROCEDURAL BACKGROUND
Plaintiff alleges his neck, back, and knee injuries were neglected by prison medical staff.
(ECF No. 1-2 at 3.) In addition to asserting lack of medical care, Plaintiff alleges that his medical
records were falsified to mask the seriousness of his condition. (Id.) Plaintiff seeks $7,000,000 in
monetary damages, and requests a trial in order to expose the alleged fraud and medical negligence.
(Id. at 4.)
On October 7, 2014, the court filed a Second Proper Form Order (ECF No. 10), granting
Plaintiff’s Motion to proceed in forma pauperis and ordering Plaintiff to respond to attached
Interrogatories regarding the FTCA’s administrative remedies exhaustion requirements and the
Standard Form 95 (“Form 95”). (ECF No. 10-1.) In regard to whether he had submitted a Form
95 to the appropriate federal agency, Plaintiff responded in the negative. (ECF No. 16.) 2
The Magistrate Judge’s November 14 Report found that Plaintiff failed to exhaust the
administrative remedies required by the FTCA. (ECF No. 21 at 2.) The Magistrate Judge also
found that the administrative exhaustion requirement may not be waived. (Id. at 3.)
In response to the Magistrate Judge’s Report, Plaintiff filed a timely Objection on
December 1, 2014. (ECF No. 23.) In his Objection, Plaintiff asserted that he did file Form 95
with the appropriate federal agency on September 13, 2013, and received a denial letter on March
Plaintiff put a checkmark beside “No” for each of the two questions posed in the Interrogatories.
12, 2014 by certified mail. 3
(Id. at 1.) Plaintiff blames his negative responses to the court’s
interrogatories (see ECF No. 16) on a misunderstanding, and requests the court allow the case to
proceed. (ECF No. 23 at 2.)
II. LEGAL STANDARD
The Magistrate Judge’s Report is made in accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1) and Local
Rule 73.02 for the District of South Carolina. The Magistrate Judge’s Report is only a
recommendation to this court, and has no presumptive weight—the responsibility to make a final
determination remains with this court. See Mathews v. Weber, 423 U.S. 261, 270-71 (1976). The
court is charged with making a de novo determination of those portions of the Report to which
specific objections are made. Id. The court may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the
Magistrate Judge’s recommendation or recommit the matter with instructions. See 28 U.S.C.
Plaintiff filed this complaint in forma pauperis pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915, which allows
a federal court to proceed with a prisoner’s complaint or action without the prepayment of court
fees by the prisoner litigant. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(1). The statute attempts to restrain this privilege,
and thus avoid allowing meritless lawsuits to flood the court system, by permitting a court to
dismiss the case at any time upon finding that the action fails to state a claim on which relief may
be granted. 4 § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii).
Plaintiff included the completed Form 95 in his Objections (ECF No. 23-1 at 2-3), and the Federal
Bureau of Prisons’ (“FBP”) denial letter (ECF No. 23-1 at 4-6). The FBP operates under the U.S.
Department of Justice.
The statute also allows for a court to dismiss an in forma pauperis action for the following
reasons: (1) the allegation of poverty is untrue; (2) the action or appeal is frivolous or malicious;
and (3) the action or appeal seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such
relief. § 1915(e)(2)(A)-(B).
Pro se complaints must be held to a less stringent legal standard than those complaints or
proceedings drafted by lawyers, and a pro se document should be liberally construed by a federal
court. Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89, 94 (2007) (citing Estelle v. Gamble, 429 U.S. 97, 106
(1976)). “Technical niceties” should not defeat a meritorious claim when it can be amended to
achieve justice. Gordon v. Leeke, 574 F.2d 1147, 1151 (4th Cir. 1978). However, while a pro se
complaint may be entitled to “special judicial solicitude,” federal courts are not required to
recognize “obscure or extravagant claims.” Weller v. Dep’t of Soc. Servs., 901 F.2d 387, 390-91
(4th Cir. 1990) (quoting Beaudett v. City of Hampton, 775 F.2d 1274, 1277 (4th Cir. 1985). A
complaint will be dismissed, even under the lens of a liberal interpretation, “if it does not allege
‘enough facts to state a claim to relief.’” Smith v. Smith, 589 F.3d 736, 738 (4th Cir. 2009) (quoting
Giarratano v. Johnson, 521 F.3d 298, 302 (4th Cir. 2008)).
Objections to a Report must specifically identify portions of the Report and the basis for
those objections. Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b)(2).
District courts shall have “exclusive jurisdiction of civil actions on claims against the
United States, for money damages, accruing on and after January 1, 1945 … for personal injury
… caused by the negligent or wrongful act or omission of any employee of the Government while
acting within the scope of his office or employment.” 28 U.S.C. § 1346(b)(1). Here, the court has
jurisdiction because Plaintiff is alleging personal injuries by prison medical staff, and is seeking
$7,000,000 in damages.
The Magistrate Judge correctly found that Plaintiff could not proceed under the FTCA until
his administrative remedies were exhausted, see 28 U.S.C. § 2675(a), and pursuant to Plaintiff’s
response in regard to not sending Form 95 to an appropriate federal agency (ECF No. 16), the
Magistrate Judge reasonably believed that Plaintiff had not presented his claim to a federal agency,
and thus not satisfied his administrative exhaustion requirements. See 28 U.S.C. § 2675(a); 28
C.F.R. § 14.2(a). However, Plaintiff, in his Objection, presented to the court—for the first time—
a previously submitted Form 95 (ECF No. 23-1 at 2-3), and Federal Bureau of Prisons’ (“FBP”)
certified mail response (ECF No. 23-1 at 4-6) to Plaintiff’s action. These documents satisfy the
FTCA’s administrative remedies exhaustion requirements. The court is inclined to agree with
Plaintiff’s assertion that his initial response to the court’s interrogatories was because of a
misunderstanding. Not only is this a pro se action, but in Plaintiff’s initial Complaint (ECF No.
1), he quotes the regional counsel for the FBP (ECF No. 1 at 3), showing that Plaintiff had received
a response from the appropriate federal agency before beginning the present action. The court
concludes that the Complaint should not be dismissed on the ground of failing to exhaust
Based on the aforementioned reasons and a thorough review of the Report and the record
in this case, the court REJECTS the Magistrate Judge’s Report (ECF No. 21), in light of Plaintiff
satisfying his administrative remedies exhaustion requirements, and REMANDS this matter to the
Magistrate Judge for further action consistent with this ruling.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
United States District Judge
January 23, 2017
Columbia, South Carolina
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