Caldwell v. Commissioner of the Social Security Administration
ORDER granting 22 Motion for Attorney Fees directing the Commissioner to pay directly to Plaintiff $3,010.88 in attorney's fees, $400.00 in costs, and $26.67 in expenses. Signed by Honorable Bruce Howe Hendricks on 4/18/2017.(gnan )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF SOUTH CAROLINA
Grenoble Keith Caldwell,
Nancy A. Berryhill, Acting Commissioner
of the Social Security Administration,1
Civil Action No. 4:15-4311-BHH
This matter is before the Court on Plaintiff’s motion for attorney’s fees (ECF No.
22) for the successful representation of Plaintiff Grenoble Keith Caldwell (“Plaintiff”) by
Attorney Paul T. McChesney, in the underlying Social Security benefits action. The
Court may make such an award pursuant to the Equal Access to Justice Act (“EAJA”),
28 U.S.C. § 2412(d).
In his Motion for EAJA Fees, Plaintiff requests an award of $3,010.88 in
attorney’s fees, $400.00 in costs, and $26.67 in expenses, because he was the
prevailing party and at least one of the positions taken by Defendant was not
substantially justified. (ECF No. 22.) Defendant filed a response stating that the
Commissioner does not object to Plaintiff’s request for attorney’s fees, costs and
expenses, but that the award of attorney’s fees should be paid directly to Plaintiff, and
not his attorney. (ECF No. 23.) Defendant further states that the Commissioner will first
determine whether Plaintiff has any outstanding federal debt to be offset from the
Nancy A. Berryhill is now the Acting Commissioner of Social Security. Pursuant to Rule 25(d) of
the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, Nancy A. Berryhill should be substituted for Acting Commissioner
Carolyn W. Colvin as the defendant in this suit. No further action need be taken to continue this suit by reason
of the last sentence of section 205(g) of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. § 405(g).
attorney’s fees, and, if not, the Commissioner will honor Plaintiff’s assignment of
attorney’s fees to her counsel by paying counsel directly. (Id.) If Plaintiff does have
outstanding federal debt, Defendant represents that the Commissioner will, after
subtracting the applicable amount, make the check payable to Plaintiff directly and
deliver the check to the business address of Plaintiff’s counsel. (Id.) Finally, Defendant
states that if Plaintiff’s outstanding federal debt exceeds the amount of attorney’s fees
approved pursuant to this Order, the amount of the attorney’s fees will be used to offset
Plaintiff’s federal debt and no attorney’s fees shall be paid. (Id.)
The EAJA provides attorney’s fees in actions where the government’s position is
not substantially justified. The substantial justification test is one of reasonableness in
law and fact. See Pierce v. Underwood, 487 U.S. 552, 565 (1988). The district court has
broad discretion to set the attorney fee amount. “[A] district court will always retain
substantial discretion in fixing the amount of an EAJA award. Exorbitant, unfounded, or
procedurally defective fee applications . . . are matters that the district court can
recognize.” Hyatt v. North Carolina Dep’t of Human Res, 315 F.3d 239, 254 (4th Cir.
2002) (citing Comm’r v. Jean, 496 U.S. 154, 163 (1990)). Moreover, the court should
not only consider the “position taken by the United States in the civil action,” but also the
“action or failure to act by the agency upon which the civil action is based.” 28 U.S.C. §
2412(d)(2)(D), as amended by P.L. 99-80, § 2(c)(2)(B). Based on a review of the entire
record and Defendant’s concession, the government’s position was not substantially
Accordingly, the Court grants the motion, and directs the Commissioner to pay
directly to Plaintiff
$3,010.88 in attorney’s fees, $400.00 in costs, and $26.67 in
expenses.2 Such payment shall constitute a complete release from and bar to any and
all further claims that Plaintiff may have under the EAJA to fees, costs, and expenses
incurred in connection with disputing the Commissioner’s decision. This award is without
prejudice to the rights of Plaintiff’s counsel to seek attorney fees under section 206(b) of
the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. § 406(b), subject to the offset provisions of the EAJA.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
s/ Bruce Howe Hendricks
United States District Judge
April 18, 2017
Greenville, South Carolina.
Counsel has submitted an assignment, by Plaintiff, of the fees in this case (ECF No. 22-2) and,
therefore, requests any award be made payable to him. In Astrue v. Ratliff, 560 U.S. 586, 598 (2010), the
United States Supreme Court held that the EAJA requires attorneys’ fees to be awarded directly to the litigant.
Id. (holding that the plain text of the EAJA requires that attorneys’ fees be awarded to the litigant, thus
subjecting EAJA fees to offset of any pre-existing federal debts); see also Stephens v. Astrue, 565 F.3d 131,
139 (4th Cir. 2009) (same). Neither Ratliff nor Stephens addresses whether claimants may assign EAJA fees
to their attorneys via contract. This district, however, has fairly consistently found such assignments ineffective
to require the Court to make payment directly to counsel. See Williams v. Astrue, No. 2012 WL 6615130, at
*4 (D.S.C. Dec. 19, 2012); Phillips v. Astrue, 2011 WL 5041751, at *1 (D.S.C. Oct. 21, 2011);Tate v. Astrue,
2010 WL 4860356, at *2 (D.S.C. Nov. 23, 2010); Washington v. Astrue, 2010 WL 3023028, at *5 (D.S.C. July
29, 2010) (holding that EAJA fees are payable to plaintiff even where plaintiff has attached an affidavit
assigning his rights in the fees award to counsel). At least one circuit court of appeals has additionally
expressed concern that such contracts would constitute an “endrun” around the plain text of the EAJA, as
interpreted in Ratliff. See Brown v. Astrue, 271 Fed. App’x 741, 743 (10th Cir. 2008) (stating, in dicta, that
claimant’s “assignment of his right in the fees award to counsel does not overcome the clear EAJA mandate
that the award is to him as the prevailing party . . . .”). The undersigned has on some previous occasion
ordered payment to counsel but only where the United States has accepted the assignment as valid; the
government’s practice in this regard has not been uniform. Here, Defendant conditioned its acceptance of the
assignment upon Plaintiff having no outstanding federal debt.
Because Defendant has not accepted the assignment as valid without conditions, and in keeping with
the prudent decisions of this District, the Court declines to treat such an assignment as altering the Court’s
obligation, in payment, to Plaintiff directly. As the Court in Ratliff emphasized, the EAJA controls what the
losing defendant must pay, “not what the prevailing plaintiff must pay his lawyer.” Ratliff, 560 U.S. at 598.
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