Dhimo v. Horry County Solicitor's Office
ORDER denying 24 Motion for Reconsideration. Signed by Honorable R Bryan Harwell on 09/19/2017.(dsto, )
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF SOUTH CAROLINA
Horry County Solicitor’s Office, Martin )
Spratlin Solicitor of Horry County
Civil Action No.: 4:16-CV-833-RBH
Plaintiff Alqi Dhimo, proceeding pro se, filed a Motion for Reconsideration on August 9,
2017. [ECF #24]. Plaintiff requests this Court reconsider its previous ruling in its Order dated July
25, 2016, adopting the recommendation of the Magistrate Judge and dismissing Plaintiff’s case
without prejudice and without issuance and service of process. [ECF #21]. The Court now
considers the Plaintiff’s Motion for Reconsideration. All parties have had the opportunity to
respond, and this Court has thoroughly considered all the filings in this case.1 This Court now
issues the following ruling.
Plaintiff brought this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the Horry County
Solicitor’s Office and Martin Spratlin, the Solicitor of Horry County. [ECF #1]. Plaintiff alleges
that Defendants violated his rights by engaging in misconduct related to criminal proceedings
Under Local Civil Rule 7.09 (D.S.C.), “hearings on motions may be ordered by the Court in its discretion.
Unless so ordered, motions may be determined without a hearing.” Upon review of the briefs, the Court finds
that a hearing is not necessary.
brought in 2014 and 2015. This matter is before the Court to consider Plaintiff’s Motion for
Reconsideration filed on August 19, 2017. [ECF #24]. Within his Motion, Plaintiff argues that
Horry County Solicitor Mary-Ellen Walter is threatening his family and seeking revenge against
him for filing this federal lawsuit. Specifically, Plaintiff alleges that the solicitor is threatening
to re-open a state criminal case that he states was previously dismissed, and Plaintiff states that
he believes these threats are about money and abuse of power. [ECF #24, pp. 2-3]. Plaintiff also
alleges within his Motion that the named Defendant Martin Spratlin is no longer at the solicitor’s
office, but that Ms. Walter is now threatening him. [ECF #24, p. 3].
Rule 59(e) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure governs motions seeking to alter or
amend a judgment. Motions to alter or amend under Rule 59 are not to be made lightly. 12
JAMES WM . MOORE
ET AL .,
MOORE ’S FEDERAL PRACTICE § 59.30 (3d ed.). The Fourth Circuit
has held that such a motion should be granted for one of three reasons: (1) to follow an
intervening change in controlling law; (2) on account of new evidence; or (3) to correct a clear
error of law or prevent manifest injustice. Hutchinson v. Staton, 994 F.2d 1076, 1081 (4th Cir.
1993). This Court entered its order and judgment on July 25, 2016.2 Rule 59 also governs the
time for filing a motion to alter or amend a judgment. According to Rule 59(e), the motion must
The Fourth Circuit has held that an order dismissing a complaint without prejudice is generally not
appealable unless the grounds for dismissal make clear that the defects in the plaintiff’s case cannot be
cured by simply amending the complaint. Domino Sugar Corp. v. Sugar Workers Local Union 392, 10
F.3d 1064, 1067 (4th Cir. 1993). If however, it appears that the plaintiff is unable to amend the complaint,
then the ruling would be considered a final order and this court could consider a motion to reconsider its
order. Id. (citing Coniston Corp. v. Village of Hoffman Estates, 844 F.2d 461, 463 (7th Cir. 1988)). This
Court dismissed the complaint without prejudice and without issuance of service of process based upon
the fact that the defendants were not amenable to suit.
be filed no later than 28 days after entry of the judgment. Here, the Plaintiff has waited well
over a year before filing this Motion for Reconsideration.
Accordingly, under Rule 59, this
Motion for Reconsideration is time-barred.3
This Court has also considered whether Plaintiff has made a proper showing under Rule
60 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, which governs relief from a judgment or order. Rule
60 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides that the court may relieve a party from a
final judgment, order or proceeding on one of the following grounds:
(1) mistake, inadvertence, surprise, or excusable neglect; (2) newly
discovered evidence that, with reasonable diligence, could not have been
discovered in time to move for a new trial under Rule 59(b); (3) fraud,
misrepresentation, or misconduct by the opposing party; (4) the judgment
is void; (5) the judgment has been satisfied, released or discharged; or (6)
any other reason that justifies relief.
FED . R. CIV . P. 60(b). Further, Rule 60(c)(1) provides that the first three listed reasons must be
made no more than a year after the entry of the judgment or order. As previously stated, Plaintiff
filed his motion more than a year after entry of the order and judgment. Under Rule 60(c)(1),
the other listed reasons must be made within a “reasonable time.” Assuming that this motion was
filed within a reasonable time, this Court’s review of the motion does not provide a basis for
finding that the judgment was void, has been satisfied, or otherwise makes a showing that would
justify relief. Accordingly, because Plaintiff has not provided a basis for relief under either Rule
59 or Rule 60, this Court denies the Motion for Reconsideration.
W ithin his filing, Plaintiff has also not alleged a change in controlling law or new evidence, or otherwise
requested this Court correct a clear error or prevent manifest injustice. Thus, Plaintiff has also not set
forth an adequate basis for relief under Rule 59.
The Court has thoroughly reviewed the entire record, including the most recent filing in
For the reasons stated above, this Court DENIES Plaintiff’s Motion for
Reconsideration. [ECF #24].
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Florence, South Carolina
September 19, 2017
s/ R. Bryan Harwell
R. Bryan Harwell
United States District Judge
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