Ackbar v. McFadden
ORDER RULING ON REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION: The Court adopts the R. & R. 49 as the order of the Court. Signed by Honorable Richard M Gergel on 07/06/2017. (dsto, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF SOUTH CAROLINA
Supreme Raheem Ackbar,
Case No 4:17-cv-334-RMG
ORDER AND OPINION
This matter is before the Court on the Report and Recommendation ("R. &R. ") of the
Magistrate Judge (Dkt. No. 49) recommending that the Court deny Petitioner's motion for
default judgment (Dkt. No. 44). For the reasons below, this Court adopts the R. & R. as the order
of the Court. Petitioner's motion for default judgment (Dkt. No. 44) is denied.
Background and Relevant Facts
Petitioner, proceeding pro se, filed a petition for writ of habeas corpus under 28 U.S.C. §
2254 on February 3, 2017. (Dkt. No. 13.) On June 5, 2017, Petitioner filed a motion entitled
"Petitioner's Motion to Alter or Amend Judgment" in which he requested and explicitly referred
to "default judgment." (Dkt. No. 44.) In the R. & R., the Magistrate explained why default
judgment is disfavored in habeas actions generally and is inappropriate in this habeas action in
particular. (Dkt. No. 49.) The Magistrate explained that while Federal Rule of Civil Procedure
5 5( a) contemplates default judgment against a party that "has failed to plead or otherwise defend
as provided by these rules," the Respondent in this case filed a return and memorandum on June
2, 2017, after being granted an extension by the Court. (Id.)
Legal Standard - Magistrate's Report and Recommendation
The Magistrate Judge makes only a recommendation to this Court. The recommendation
has no presumptive weight, and the responsibility for making a final determination remains with
this Court. See Mathews v. Weber, 423 U.S. 261 , 270- 71 (1976). This Court is charged with
making a de novo determination of those portions of the R. & R. to which specific objection is
made. Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b)(2). Additionally, the Court may "accept, reject, or modify, in whole
or in part, the findings or recommendations made by the magistrate judge."
636(b )(1 ).
28 U.S.C. §
Where the plaintiff fails to file any specific objections, "a district court need not
conduct a de novo review, but instead must only satisfy itself that there is no clear error on the
face of the record in order to accept the recommendation." See Diamond v. Colonial Life &
Accident Ins. Co., 416 F.3d 310, 315 (4th Cir. 2005) (internal quotation omitted).
Petitioner has filed timely objections to the Magistrate ' s R. & R. (Dkt. No . 53 .) These
objections are almost unintelligible and do not appear to specifically refer to any finding in the
R. & R. For example, Petitioner states that he "object[s] to the [R. & R.] to the extent that it may
be interpreted as suborning perjury" (Dkt. No. 53 at 1) and that he objects to the R. & R. "on the
grounds of fraud, fraud upon the Court is an affront to the administration of justice, a litigant
who has been defrauded need not establish prejudice." (Id. at 1-2)
As Petitioner has not made a specific objection to any portion of the R. & R. , the Court
need only satisfy itself that the Magistrate has made no clear error on the face of the record.
Finding no clear error in the Magistrate ' s determination that there is no basis for default
judgment on this habeas petition, the Court adopts the R. & R. as the order of the Court.
For the reasons discussed above, Petitioner's motion for default judgment (Dkt. No. 49)
AND IT IS SO ORDERED.
United States District Court Judge
Charleston, South Carolina
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