Curles v. Thompson et al
ORDER adopting 7 Report and Recommendation. Signed by Honorable Patrick Michael Duffy on January 10, 2018.(jmcg, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF SOUTH CAROLINA
Jimmy Bryon Keith Curles, #271032,
A/W Thompson, Ms. Ferguson,
Ms. Thompson, Ms. Counts, Ms. Harrell,
C.A. No.: 4:17-cv-3088-PMD-TER
This matter is before the Court on Plaintiff Jimmy Curles’ objections to United States
Magistrate Judge Thomas E. Rogers, III’s Report and Recommendation (“R & R”) (ECF Nos. 10,
9, & 7). The Magistrate Judge recommends that the Court summarily dismiss Plaintiff’s claims
without prejudice and without issuance and service of process. For the reasons set forth herein,
the Court overrules Plaintiff’s objections and adopts the Magistrate Judge’s R & R.
BACKGROUND AND PROCEDURAL HISTORY
Plaintiff, proceeding pro se, brings this action under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and seeks money
damages for false imprisonment. He contends that he was supposed to be released on January 1,
2016, and that his probation violation that resulted in a one-year prison sentence should not have
put him in jail because he had six years and 156 days of credit time. The Magistrate Judge issued
his R & R on November 17, 2017. Plaintiff filed two objections on November 27. Accordingly,
this matter is ripe for consideration.
STANDARD OF REVIEW
The Magistrate Judge makes only a recommendation to this Court. The R & R has no
presumptive weight, and the responsibility for making a final determination remains with the
Court. Mathews v. Weber, 423 U.S. 261, 270–71 (1976). Parties may make written objections to
the R & R within fourteen days after being served with a copy of it. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). This
Court must conduct a de novo review of any portion of the R & R to which a specific objection is
made, and it may accept, reject, or modify the Magistrate Judge’s findings and recommendations
in whole or in part. Id. Additionally, the Court may receive more evidence or recommit the matter
to the Magistrate Judge with instructions. Id. A party’s failure to object is taken as the party’s
agreement with the Magistrate Judge’s conclusions. See Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140 (1985).
Absent a timely, specific objection—or as to those portions of the R & R to which no specific
objection is made—this Court “must ‘only satisfy itself that there is no clear error on the face of
the record in order to accept the recommendation.’” Diamond v. Colonial Life & Accident Ins.
Co., 416 F.3d 310, 315 (4th Cir. 2005) (quoting Fed. R. Civ. P. 72 advisory committee’s note).
Pro se filings are held to a less stringent standard than those drafted by attorneys, Gordon
v. Leeke, 574 F.2d 1147, 1151 (4th Cir. 1978), and federal district courts must construe such
pleadings liberally to allow the development of potentially meritorious claims, see Hughes v.
Rowe, 449 U.S. 5, 9 (1980) (per curiam). The liberal construction requirement, however, does not
mean courts can ignore a clear failure to allege facts that set forth claims cognizable in federal
district court. See Weller v. Dep’t of Soc. Servs., 901 F.2d 387, 391 (4th Cir. 1990).
Neither of Plaintiff’s objections have merit. In fact, his objections do not actually object
to the R & R’s conclusions. Viewed charitably, Plaintiff’s first objection seeks an order from this
Court requiring state and county corrections facilities to provide him copies of various requests
and grievances. His second objection states that the county and state used a fake probation
violation to keep him in prison.
In order for Plaintiff to state a false imprisonment claim under § 1983, he must show that
his conviction was invalidated. Heck v. Humphrey, 512 U.S. 477, 486–87 (1994). Plaintiff has
made no such showing either in his complaint or in his objections. The Magistrate Judge has also
independently concluded—using the South Carolina Department of Corrections’ Inmate Locator
Function—that Plaintiff has not been successful in seeking to overturn his convictions because he
is currently incarcerated. Plaintiff makes no objection to that finding either. Finally, if Plaintiff’s
objections are construed as an attempt to reduce his sentence, then his action under § 1983 is not
the proper vehicle. Instead, Plaintiff “must seek federal habeas corpus relief (or appropriate state
relief) instead.” Wilkinson v. Dotson, 544 U.S. 74, 78 (2005). Accordingly, Plaintiff’s claim is
subject to summary dismissal and the Court adopts the Magistrate Judge’s recommendation that
this matter be dismissed without prejudice and without issuance and service of process.
For the foregoing reasons, it is ORDERED that Plaintiff’s objections are OVERRULED
and that the R & R is ADOPTED. Accordingly, the Court summarily DISMISSES Plaintiff’s
claims without prejudice and without issuance and service of process.
AND IT IS SO ORDERED.
January 10, 2018
Charleston, South Carolina
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?