Robinson v. Mack et al
ORDER RULING ON REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION: The court ACCEPTS the magistrate judge's Report and Recommendation (ECF No. 108 ). The court hereby DENIES Plaintiff's motion for partial summary judgment (ECF No. 70 ), a nd GRANTS Defendant Aiken, Defendant Lloyd, and the Lieber Defendants' motions for summary judgment (ECF Nos. 84 , 87 , 88 ). Plaintiff's action is DISMISSED with prejudice. Signed by Honorable J Michelle Childs on 3/7/2014. (mcot, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF SOUTH CAROLINA
Corey Jawan Robinson,
Albert Mack, Dessirene Lloyd, Loretta
Aiken, Associate Warden Fred Thompson, )
Major Thierry Nettles, Classification Officer )
Ms. D. Bailey, Captain T. Clark, Lolita M. )
Lee, Sherisse D. Birch, Warden Wayne
McCabe, Captain Ann Sheppard, Tanya F. )
McCants, Captain William Brightharp, IGC )
B.J. Thomas, Captain McBride, Ann
Civil Action No. 5:12-cv-03358-JMC
ORDER AND OPINION
On November 27, 2012, pro se Plaintiff Corey Jawan Robinson (“Plaintiff”) filed this 42
U.S.C. § 1983 action (ECF No. 1), alleging, along with another claim1, that Defendants Albert
Mack, Dessirene Lloyd, Loretta Aiken, Associate Warden Fred Thompson, Major Thierry
Nettles, Classification Officer Ms. D. Bailey, Captain T. Clark, Lolita M. Lee, Sherisse D. Birch,
Warden Wayne McCabe, Captain Ann Sheppard, Tanya F. McCants, Captain William
Brightharp, and Captain McBride (collectively referred to as “the Summary Judgment
Defendants”) violated his constitutional rights and South Carolina law. Id. Specifically, Plaintiff
claims Defendants failed to protect him from the alleged violent act of Plaintiff’s cellmate, used
On February 15, 2013, the magistrate judge issued a Report and Recommendation, which
recommended that the court summarily dismiss Plaintiff’s claim against Defendants IGC B.J.
Thomas and Ann Hallman regarding the prison grievance process. (ECF No. 21). On March 6,
2013, the undersigned accepted the Report and dismissed Defendants IGC B.J. Thomas and Ann
Hallman from this action without prejudice. (ECF No. 28).
excessive force, acted in retaliation, conspired against Plaintiff, and were deliberately indifferent
to his medical needs. Id. at 3. Plaintiff also asserts claims of gross negligence and malicious
intent to harm under state law. Id. Plaintiff has been granted leave to proceed in forma pauperis
in this action. (ECF No. 20).
This matter is now before the court upon the magistrate judge’s Report and
Recommendation (“the Report”), filed January 14, 2014.
(ECF No. 108).
recommended that the court deny Plaintiff’s motion for partial summary judgment (ECF No. 70),
and grant Defendant Aiken and Defendant Lloyd’s motions for summary judgment (ECF Nos.
84, 87). The Report also recommended that the court grant summary judgment to Defendants
Albert Mack, Associate Warden Fred Thompson, Major Thierry Nettles, Classification Officer
Ms. D. Bailey, Captain T. Clark, Lolita M. Lee, Sherisse D. Birch, Warden Wayne McCabe,
Captain Ann Sheppard, Tanya F. McCants, Captain William Brightharp, and Captain McBride
(collectively referred to as “the Lieber Defendants”). (ECF No. 88).
For the reasons stated herein, the court ACCEPTS the magistrate judge’s Report. The
court thereby DENIES Plaintiff’s motion for partial summary judgment, GRANTS Defendant
Aiken, Defendant Lloyd, and the Lieber Defendants’ motions for summary judgment, and
DISMISSES Plaintiff’s complaint.
FACTUAL AND PROCEDURAL BACKGROUND
The court concludes upon its own careful review of the record that the factual and
procedural summation in the magistrate judge’s Report is accurate, and the court adopts this
summary as its own. However, a recitation of the relevant facts, in a light most favorable to
Plaintiff, and a brief outline of the procedural history is warranted.
Plaintiff is currently incarcerated at the Lieber Correctional Institution (“LCI”), a facility
managed by the South Carolina Department of Corrections (“SCDC”). (ECF No. 1 at 3).
During the incidents at issue in this action, Plaintiff was incarcerated in the Special Management
Unit (“SMU”) at LCI. (See ECF No. 88-6). LCI maintained a policy2 by which a Correctional
Clinical Counselor (“CCC”) and a nurse would be notified when a prisoner made suicidal or
homicidal threats. (ECF No. 98-1 at 3). The suicidal or homicidal prisoner would then be placed
in a crisis intervention cell. Id. In November 2010, numerous LCI prisoners began to abuse the
suicidal and homicidal protocols in an attempt to be placed in a single cell. (ECF No. 88-2 at 2).
This situation created problems for the SMU prison staff because the SMU did not have enough
cell space to accommodate the movement of all the prisoners who were asserting suicidal and
homicidal feelings. Id.
Consequently, on November 18, 2010, Defendant Warden McCabe issued a
memorandum entitled “Procedure for Dealing with ‘Homicidal Inmates’ in SMU”. Id. at 6. The
memorandum stated as follows:
In order to effectively manage inmates in SMU who communicate (orally or
in written form) to staff they are “homicidal” and to provide SMU staff
appropriate time to safely move inmates[,] the procedures listed below will
The inmate will be removed from his cell and placed in a
holding cell to be interviewed by medical staff and/or mental
If medical/mental health officials determine that the inmate
needs to be placed on Crisis Intervention (CI), security staff
will ensure all provisions of SCDC Policy HS-19.01
“Placement of Inmates in Crisis Intervention Status” will be
If medical/mental health officials determine that the inmate
does not require placement on C.I. the procedures listed below
will be followed:
This allegation by Plaintiff is unrebutted by the Summary Judgment Defendants.
A. The shift supervisor will contact the Major or higher
authority to request approval to place the inmate in the
B. If approval is given, all provisions of SCDC Policy OP22.01 “Use of Force and Restraints” will be followed.
Inmates communicating to staff that they feel homicidal will
be charged with 809 “Threatening to Inflict Harm/Assaulting
an Employee an Employee [sic] and/or Members of the Public
or 824 “Threatening to Inflict Harm, Physical or
Otherwise/Assault, on Another Inmate” as contained in SCDC
policy OP-22.14 “Inmate Disciplinary System[.]”
Plaintiff had a history of claiming to be suicidal and being placed in crisis intervention by
the LCI medical staff. (See, for example, ECF No. 88-9 at 4–5). Several LCI officials have
attested that Plaintiff and his cellmate Darnell Brown (“Cellmate Brown”) continuously
manipulated the procedure regarding homicidal and suicidal prisoners to their advantage. (ECF
No. 88-2 at 2; ECF No. 88-3 at 2; ECF No. 88-4 at 2; ECF No. 88-5 at 2; ECF No. 88-7 at 2).
On December 20, 2010, around 10:00 a.m., Cellmate Brown reported that he was feeling
homicidal toward Plaintiff. (ECF No. 84-6 at 10–11; ECF No. 87-4 at 2; ECF No. 87-6 at 2).
Cellmate Brown stated that if he was placed back in the cell with Plaintiff, he was going to kill
Plaintiff and kill himself. (ECF No. 87-4 at 2). The incident report pertaining to this incident
listed Defendant Mack as a witness. Id. Around 2:45 p.m., Defendant Mack assembled a Force
Cell Movement Team (“FCMT”), which placed Cellmate Brown in a restraint chair as a response
to his homicidal thoughts and was video recorded. (ECF No. 84-6 at 10; ECF No. 88-2; ECF
No. 114). Defendant Nettles authorized the use of the restraint chair. (ECF No. 84-6 at 10). The
LCI SMU logbook documented that Cellmate Brown was placed in “the chair per [Defendant]
Lloyd”. (ECF No. 88-2 at 14).
Around 6:45 p.m., Cellmate Brown was removed from the restraint chair by a FCMT
assembled by Defendant Mack. (ECF No. 84-6 at 10, ECF No. 88-2; ECF No. 114). The
removal of Cellmate Brown from the restraint chair and his return to his and Plaintiff’s cell was
video recorded. (See ECF No. 88-2; ECF No. 114). Upon the return of Cellmate Brown to his
and Plaintiff’s cell, Defendant Mack and Sergeant Guess, another member of the FCMT, found it
to be clear that there was no animosity between the two prisoners. (ECF No. 88-2 at 3; ECF No.
88-3 at 3). These officials stood outside of Plaintiff’s cell for five minutes and heard Cellmate
Brown state that everything was good. (ECF No. 88-2 at 4; ECF No. 88-3 at 4). Plaintiff claims
that once the video was no longer recording, he asked Defendant Mack, “[W]hy [are] they
placing my life in danger when my roommate already was placed in a restraint chair for
homicidal thoughts and threats toward me.” (ECF No. 1 at 5). Plaintiff also asserts that
Defendant Mack responded that “it was out of his hands” and that “the Warden, Major, Captains,
[Defendant] Lloyd, and Classification placed [Cellmate Brown] in the restraint chair and
informed [Defendant Mack] to place [Cellmate Brown] back in the cell with [Plaintiff].” Id.
Plaintiff states that about thirty to forty-five minutes after Cellmate Brown returned to the
cell, the two prisoners got into a physical fight. (ECF No. 1 at 5). Plaintiff describes that he
“had in mind [that Cellmate Brown] was going to attack [Plaintiff] so after [a] dispute[,] a f[i]ght
broke out[.]” (ECF No. 98-1 at 3). Plaintiff alleges that his injuries from the fight were a busted
lip and a knot on his face. (ECF No. 1 at 5). Plaintiff claims that Cellmate Brown was bleeding
from the fight. Id. Cellmate Brown swears that he and Plaintiff never physically fought one
another. (ECF No. 88-8).
At about 11:15 p.m. Sergeant Guess became aware that Cellmate Brown was again
having homicidal thoughts toward Plaintiff. (ECF No. 84-6 at 13). Cellmate Brown was
subsequently moved to a holding cell. Id. Around 11:30 p.m., Defendant Thompson authorized
Cellmate Brown to be placed once again in a restraint chair. Id. Sergeant Guess assembled the
FCMT. Id. Cellmate Brown was placed in the restraint chair at about 3:15 a.m. on December
21, 2010, and removed from the restraint chair at about 7:30 a.m. (Id. at 13–14; ECF No. 88-2;
ECF No. 114). This second placement and removal of Cellmate Brown to and from the restraint
chair was also video recorded. (See ECF No. 88-2; ECF No. 114).
Sergeant Guess avers that Cellmate Brown was removed from Plaintiff’s cell a second
time because Cellmate Brown was once again homicidal. (ECF No. 88-3 at 4). However,
Sergeant Guess asserts that Cellmate Brown did not fight or otherwise show violence towards
Plaintiff. Id. The head nurse at LCI Luanne Mauney further declares that there was no report of
any altercation between Plaintiff and Cellmate Brown on December 20th and 21st, 2010, nor
were injuries reported by Plaintiff on those dates, despite Plaintiff being seen by the medical staff
on those dates. (ECF No. 88-9 at 2). Nurse Jennifer Scott was a member of the FCMT that
moved Cellmate Brown out of the restraint chair following his second restraint period. (ECF No.
88-10 at 2). Nurse Scott attests that around 7:30 a.m. on December 21, 2010, Cellmate Brown
did not have any injuries that would indicate he had been in a physical altercation. Id. Nurse
Denise Argentino similarly states that following Cellmate Brown’s second period of restraint,
she did not observe any injuries or indications that Cellmate Brown had engaged in a fight.
(ECF No. 88-11 at 2).
Cellmate Brown was charged with threatening to inflict harm on a prisoner and was
found guilty of that charge at an SCDC disciplinary hearing. (ECF No. 113; see also SCDC,
Incarcerated Inmate Search (last visited Mar. 7, 2014), http://public.doc.state.sc.us/scdc-public/
(enter “00334139” for “SCDC ID” and select “submit”; then select “Brown, Darnell”, at 3)).
Plaintiff filed his complaint on November 27, 2012, alleging that the Summary Judgment
Defendants failed to protect him from the violent act of his cellmate, utilized excessive force,
retaliated and conspired against him, and were indifferent to his medical needs in violation of
Plaintiff’s constitutional rights. (ECF No. 1 at 3). Plaintiff further claimed that the Summary
Judgment Defendants exhibited gross negligence and malicious intent to harm under South
Carolina law. Id. On May 22, 2013, Plaintiff moved for partial summary judgment (ECF No.
70) to which the Summary Judgment Defendants filed responses in opposition (ECF Nos. 72, 73,
74). On August 14, 2013, Defendant Aiken moved for summary judgment (ECF No. 84). On
August 15, 2013, Defendant Lloyd moved to dismiss, or in the alternative, for summary
judgment. (ECF No. 87). On that same day, the Lieber Defendants moved to dismiss, or in the
alternative, for summary judgment. (ECF No. 88). On September 3, 2013, Plaintiff filed
responses in opposition to the Summary Judgment Defendants motions. (ECF Nos. 98, 99, 100).
On January 14, 2014, the magistrate judge issued the Report recommending that the court deny
Plaintiff’s motion for partial summary judgment and grant summary judgment to the Summary
Judgment Defendants. (ECF No. 108). Plaintiff filed Objections to the Report on January 23,
2014. (ECF No. 110).
STANDARD OF REVIEW
The magistrate judge’s Report is made in accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1) and
Local Civil Rule 73.02 for the District of South Carolina. The magistrate judge makes only a
recommendation to this court.
The recommendation has no presumptive weight.
responsibility to make a final determination remains with this court. See Mathews v. Weber, 423
U.S. 261, 270-71 (1976). The court is charged with making a de novo determination of those
portions of the Report to which specific objections are made, and the court may accept, reject, or
modify, in whole or in part, the magistrate judge’s recommendation or recommit the matter with
instructions. See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). Failure to file specific objections constitutes a waiver
of a party’s right to further judicial review, including appellate review, if the recommendation is
accepted by the district judge. See United States v. Schronce, 727 F.2d 91, 94 & n.4 (4th Cir.
1984). In the absence of specific objections to the magistrate judge’s Report, this court is not
required to give any explanation for adopting the recommendation. See Camby v. Davis, 718
F.2d 198, 199 (4th Cir. 1983).
Motion to Dismiss
For a complaint to survive a motion to dismiss, the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure
require that it contain “a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is
entitled to relief.” FED. R. CIV. P. 8(a)(2). Although Rule 8(a) does not require “detailed factual
allegations,” it requires “more than an unadorned, the-defendant-unlawfully-harmed-me
accusation,” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009) (citing Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550
U.S. 544, 555–57 (2007)), in order to “give the defendant fair notice . . . of what the claim is and
the grounds upon which it rests.” Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555 (internal citations omitted). Stated
otherwise, “a complaint must contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to ‘state a claim
to relief that is plausible on its face.’” Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678 (quoting Twombly, 550 U.S. at
570). A claim is facially plausible “when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows the court
to draw [a] reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged.” Id.
(quoting Twombly, 550 U.S. at 556). A complaint alleging facts which are “merely consistent
with a defendant's liability…stops short of the line between possibility and plausibility of
‘entitlement to relief.’” Id. (quoting Twombly, 550 U.S. at 557) (internal quotation marks
In evaluating a motion to dismiss, a plaintiff's well-pleaded allegations are taken as true,
and the complaint, including all reasonable inferences therefrom, is liberally construed in the
plaintiff's favor. McNair v. Lend Lease Trucks, Inc., 95 F.3d 325, 327 (4th Cir. 1996). The court
may consider only the facts alleged in the complaint, which may include any documents either
attached to or incorporated in the complaint, and matters of which the court may take judicial
notice. Tellabs v. Makor Issues & Rights, Ltd., 551 U.S. 308, 322 (2007). Additionally, the
court may consider documents attached to the motion to dismiss, “so long as they are integral to
the complaint and authentic.” Philips v. Pitt Cnty. Mem'l Hosp., 572 F.3d 176, 180 (4th Cir.
2009). Although the court must accept the plaintiff's factual allegations as true, any conclusory
allegations are not entitled to an assumption of truth, and even those allegations pled with factual
support need only be accepted to the extent that “they plausibly give rise to an entitlement to
relief.” Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 679.
Summary judgment is appropriate when the pleadings, depositions, answers to
interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with affidavits, if any, show that “there is no
genuine dispute as to any material fact and the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of
law.” FED. R. CIV. P. 56(a). A fact is “material” if proof of its existence or non-existence would
affect the disposition of the case under the applicable law. Anderson v. Liberty Lobby Inc., 477
U.S. 242, 248–49 (1986). A genuine question of material fact exists where, after reviewing the
record as a whole, the court finds that a reasonable jury could return a verdict for the nonmoving
party. Newport News Holdings Corp. v. Virtual City Vision, 650 F.3d 423, 434 (4th Cir. 2011).
In ruling on a motion for summary judgment, the court must construe all inferences and
ambiguities against the movant and in favor of the non-moving party. See United States v.
Diebold, Inc., 369 U.S. 654, 655 (1962).
The party seeking summary judgment shoulders the initial burden of demonstrating to the
district court that there is no genuine issue of material fact. See Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477
U.S. 317, 323 (1986). Once the movant has made this threshold demonstration, the non-moving
party, to survive the motion for summary judgment, may not rest on the allegations averred in his
pleadings. Rather, the non-moving party must demonstrate that specific, material facts exist
which give rise to a genuine issue. See id. at 324. Under this standard, the existence of a mere
scintilla of evidence in support of the petitioner’s position is insufficient to withstand the
summary judgment motion. See Anderson, 477 U.S. at 252. Likewise, conclusory allegations or
denials, without more, are insufficient to preclude the granting of the summary judgment motion.
See Ross v. Commc’ns Satellite Corp., 759 F.2d 355, 365 (4th Cir. 1985).
As Plaintiff is a pro se litigant, the court is required to liberally construe his arguments.
Gordon v. Leeke, 574 F.2d 1147, 1151 (4th Cir. 1978). The court addresses those arguments
that, under the mandated liberal construction, it has reasonably found to state a claim. Barnett v.
Hargett, 174 F.3d 1128, 1133 (10th Cir. 1999).
Given that on a motion to dismiss, the facts alleged in the complaint are liberally
construed in the Plaintiff’s favor, and since pro se complaints are afforded liberal construction,
the court will assume without deciding that Plaintiff has stated claims against all Defendants
sufficient for the court to address the merits of this action. Therefore, the court will consider the
parties’ motions as motions for summary judgment. The court construes Plaintiff’s objections to
primarily address his § 1983 failure to protect claim, and therefore, the court has conducted a de
novo review for that claim. The court also briefly addresses Plaintiff’s remaining objections
which pertain to Plaintiff’s § 1983 claims of excessive force, deliberate indifference to medical
needs, retaliation, and conspiracy.3
Failure to Protect
The magistrate judge set forth the legal standard for a failure to protect claim and the
court incorporates that analysis herein without recitation. (See ECF No. 108 at 9–10). To
establish a failure to protect claim, Plaintiff is required to show (1) that there was a serious or
significant physical or emotional injury and (2) that the Summary Judgment Defendants were
deliberately indifferent to Plaintiff’s safety. Bacchus v. Scarborough, 466 F. App’x 269, 271
(4th Cir. 2012). To establish liability for prison supervisors, Plaintiff must demonstrate that the
supervisors were aware of a pervasive and unreasonable risk of harm and that they acted
obdurately or wantonly with respect to those conditions. Moore v. Winebrenner, 927 F.2d 1312,
1315–1316 (4th Cir. 1991).
The court finds that the record in this case obliterates any genuine issue at every prong of
the failure to protect analysis. As an initial matter, Plaintiff has not sufficiently shown he was
seriously or significantly injured.
Plaintiff has alleged that he was physically attacked by
Cellmate Brown; however, this allegation has been overwhelmingly rebutted by evidence set
forth by the Summary Judgment Defendants. Cellmate Brown, himself, along with Sergeant
Guess and LCI Nurse Mauney all testify that to their knowledge, the fight did not occur.
Plaintiff has stated that both he and Cellmate Brown were injured from the fight and that
Cellmate Brown was bleeding afterwards. However, two LCI nurses who evaluated Cellmate
Plaintiff does not specifically object to the Report’s recommendation that the court decline to
exercise supplemental jurisdiction over Plaintiff’s state law claims. (See ECF No. 108 at 22–23).
Accordingly, the court accepts this recommendation without explanation.
Brown after he was placed in the restraint chair following the alleged altercation state that
Cellmate Brown had no injury that would suggest he had been involved in a fight. Furthermore,
while Plaintiff was seen by medical staff on December 20th and 21st, 2010, the records made no
mention of an altercation between Plaintiff and Cellmate Brown or of any injuries on Plaintiff.
Additionally, Plaintiff himself acknowledges the insignificance of his purported injuries.
In his objections Plaintiff states:
[P]laintiff believe[s] the injury was not great for an [sic] doctor[‘s] attention
but did required [sic] bandage and or ice, it was only tiny spec[k]s of blood[,]
nothing to really make a big scene to see a doctor but the little injuries would
not have occurred if policy was followed[.]
(ECF No. 110 at 12) (emphasis added).
Therefore, the court finds that Plaintiff has not
established the injury prong of his failure to protect claim.
Plaintiff has also failed to demonstrate deliberate indifference on the part of the prison
officials. Deliberate indifference is defined as the knowing disregard of an objectively serious
harm. Bacchus, 466 F. App’x 269, 271 (4th Cir. 2012). The record indicates that once prison
officials were aware of Cellmate Brown’s homicidal ideations, he was removed from Plaintiff’s
cell in accordance with the policy announced in Defendant Warden McCabe’s November 18,
2010 memorandum. Although the decision was apparently made to not place Cellmate Brown in
crisis intervention following his first removal from Plaintiff’s cell, Defendant Mack received
authorization from Defendant Nettles to place Cellmate Brown in the restraint chair.
Upon retrieving Cellmate Brown from the restraint chair, it appeared to both Defendant
Mack and Sergeant Guess after standing outside of Plaintiff’s cell for five minutes that the two
prisoners were able to get along. Plaintiff makes the uncorroborated claim that he expressed fear
to Defendant Mack once the cameras were turned off. Notwithstanding this allegation, the court
finds that Plaintiff fails to demonstrate that he faced an objectively serious harm given Cellmate
Brown’s statement and behavior indicating the issues had been resolved. Once Sergeant Guess
determined that a conflict had resurfaced between Plaintiff and Cellmate Brown, Sergeant Guess
obtained approval from Defendant Thompson to place Cellmate Brown in the restraint chair once
again. As a matter of law, the LCI officials’ response to Cellmate Brown’s threats against
Plaintiff’s safety do not constitute deliberate indifference.
Lastly, Plaintiff has not alleged any facts to suggest he faced a pervasive risk of harm or
that prison supervisors were aware of such a risk of harm. To the contrary, the record establishes
that in the final months of 2010, LCI officials encountered a situation in which prisoners abused
the cell placement system by purporting to be suicidal and homicidal in order to be moved to
another cell. In spite of this, the prison staff and supervisors took Cellmate Brown’s threats
seriously and approved his movement from Plaintiff’s cell and authorized the use of the restraint
chair against Cellmate Brown twice in less than a twenty-four hour period. For these reasons,
the Summary Judgment Defendants are entitled to summary judgment for this claim.
Plaintiff’s Remaining § 1983 Claims
To state a claim of excessive force under the Eighth Amendment, Plaintiff must show
that prison officials maliciously and sadistically used force against him to cause harm. Hudson
v. McMillian, 503 U.S. 1, 9 (1992). As Plaintiff has not alleged or set forth any facts that a
prison official utilized force against him, his excessive force claim fails as a matter of law.
Plaintiff’s objection that the prison officials’ return of Cellmate Brown to Plaintiff’s cell
constitutes excessive force, (ECF No. 110 at 11), is frivolous.
To establish a claim of deliberate indifference under the Eighth Amendment, Plaintiff
must show that Defendants committed acts or omissions sufficiently harmful to demonstrate
deliberate indifference for Plaintiff’s serious medical needs. Estelle v. Gamble, 429 U.S. 97, 106
(1976). Specifically, Plaintiff must satisfy two elements: (1) that he suffered an objectively
serious deprivation or injury and (2) that the prison officials were deliberately indifferent to
Plaintiff’s needs. Adams v. Sw. Virginia Reg’l Jail Auth., 524 F. App’x 899, 900 (4th Cir. 2013).
Plaintiff acknowledges in his objections that his purported injuries were small enough not to
warrant a doctor’s attention and at most required a bandage or ice. (ECF No. 110 at 12).
Moreover, Plaintiff does not set forth facts to establish that he even sought out medical attention
for his alleged minor injuries. For these reasons, the court agrees with the magistrate judge that
Defendants are entitled to summary judgment for this claim.
Plaintiff does not specifically object to the magistrate judge’s findings for his retaliation
and conspiracy claims. (See id. at 12). Instead Plaintiff requests that the court make a de novo
review and ensure that there are no clear errors on the face of the Report with respect to these
claims. Id. Given the absence of a specific objection for these claims, the court declines to make
a de no review. However, in accepting the recommendation of the magistrate judge to grant
summary judgment for these claims, the court has satisfied itself that there is no clear error on
the face of the record. See Diamond v. Colonial Life & Acc. Ins. Co., 416 F.3d 310, 315 (4th Cir.
Based on the aforementioned reasons and after a thorough review of the Report and the
record in this case, the court ACCEPTS the magistrate judge’s Report and Recommendation
(ECF No. 108). The court thereby DENIES Plaintiff’s motion for partial summary judgment
(ECF No. 70), and GRANTS Defendant Aiken, Defendant Lloyd, and the Lieber Defendants’
motions for summary judgment (ECF Nos. 84, 87, 88). Plaintiff’s action is DISMISSED with
IT IS SO ORDERED.
United States District Judge
March 7, 2014
Greenville, South Carolina
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?