Hines v. Warden Tyger River Correctional Institution
ORDER RULING ON REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION 10 . The Petition is dismissed without prejudice and without issuance and service of process upon Respondents. A certificate of appealability is denied. Signed by Honorable Henry M Herlong, Jr on 1/4/2017. (kric, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF SOUTH CAROLINA
Willie Junior Hines, #240466,
a/k/a Willie Hines, Jr.,
State of South Carolina,
C.A. No. 6:16-3386-HMH-KFM
OPINION & ORDER
This matter is before the court with the Report and Recommendation of United States
Magistrate Judge Kevin F. McDonald, made in accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 636(b) and Local
Rule 73.02 of the District of South Carolina.1 Willie Junior Hines (“Hines”) is a pro se prisoner
seeking habeas corpus relief pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. In his Report and Recommendation,
Magistrate Judge McDonald recommends dismissing Hines’ habeas petition as successive
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(2). (Report and Recommendation 4-5, ECF No. 10.)
Hines filed objections to the Report and Recommendation. Objections to the Report and
Recommendation must be specific. Failure to file specific objections constitutes a waiver of a
party’s right to further judicial review, including appellate review, if the recommendation is
accepted by the district judge. See United States v. Schronce, 727 F.2d 91, 94 & n.4 (4th Cir.
1984). In the absence of specific objections to the Report and Recommendation of the magistrate
The recommendation has no presumptive weight, and the responsibility for making a
final determination remains with the United States District Court. See Mathews v. Weber, 423
U.S. 261, 270 (1976). The court is charged with making a de novo determination of those
portions of the Report and Recommendation to which specific objection is made. The court may
accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the recommendation made by the magistrate judge
or recommit the matter with instructions. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1).
judge, this court is not required to give any explanation for adopting the recommendation. See
Camby v. Davis, 718 F.2d 198, 199 (4th Cir. 1983).
Upon review, the court finds that many of Hines’ objections are non-specific, unrelated
to the dispositive portions of the magistrate judge’s Report and Recommendation, or merely
restate his claims. However, the court was able to glean two specific objections.
Hines asserts that applying the Anti-Terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act’s
(“AEDPA”) limit on successive applications for habeas relief would violate the Ex Post Facto
clause because he was indicted prior to its passage. (Objs. 4-5, ECF No. 12.) Additionally,
Hines objects that his second of three petitions, filed in 2006, was a Rule 60(b) motion and
should not be used to consider his present § 2254 petition successive. (Id., ECF No. 12.) Both
objections are without merit.
The AEDPA’s limit on successive applications “generally apply to any petitions filed
after the effective date of the Act, although not petitions pending at the time of enactment.”
Brown v. Angelone, 150 F.3d 370, 372 (4th Cir. 1998). The AEDPA became effective on
April 24, 1996. See id. Hines filed his first § 2254 petition on January 24, 2003. This court
granted Respondent Warden Phillip McLeod’s motion for summary judgment on June 25, 2003,
and dismissed Hines’ § 2254 petition. Hines filed an appeal to the United States Court of
Appeals for the Fourth Circuit on July 3, 2003. The Fourth Circuit dismissed Hines’ appeal on
December 31, 2003. Hines filed a second § 2254 petition on May 18, 2006. This court granted
Respondents’ motion for summary judgment on June 23, 2006, because Hines’ petition was
successive. Hines filed an appeal to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit on
July 18, 2006. The Fourth Circuit dismissed Hines’ appeal on November 8, 2006. Thus, with
respect to Hines’ second § 2254 petition, the law of the case is that it was a successive petition.
Because Hines has previously filed § 2254 petitions after the enactment of the ADEPA,
the instant petition is successive and subject to the ADEPA’s limits on successive applications.
Further, irrespective of the second petition, the instant petition is successive. “[A] prisoner
seeking to file successive applications in the district court must first obtain authorization from
the appropriate court of appeals.” United States v. Winestock, 340 F.3d 200, 205 (4th Cir. 2003)
(citing 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3)). “The court of appeals must examine the application to
determine whether it contains any claim that satisfies . . . § 2244(b)(2).” Id. In the absence of
pre-filing authorization from the court of appeals, the district court is without jurisdiction to
consider a second or successive application. Winestock at 205. Hines did not obtain
authorization from the appropriate United States Court of Appeals to proceed with a second or
successive § 2254 petition.
After a through review of the Report and Recommendation and the record in this case, the
court adopts Magistrate Judge McDonald’s Report and Recommendation and incorporates it
herein. Because the court lacks jurisdiction over this successive § 2254 petition, it must be
It is therefore
ORDERED that Hines’ § 2254 petition, docket number 1, is dismissed without prejudice
and without issuance and service of process upon Respondents. It is further
ORDERED that a certificate of appealability is denied because Petitioner has failed to
make “a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right.” 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2).
IT IS SO ORDERED.
s/Henry M. Herlong, Jr.
Senior United States District Judge
Greenville, South Carolina
January 4, 2017
NOTICE OF RIGHT TO APPEAL
Petitioner is hereby notified that he has the right to appeal this order within thirty (30)
days from the date hereof, pursuant to Rules 3 and 4 of the Federal Rules of Appellate
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