Blair v. Commissioner of Social Security Administration
ORDER RULING ON REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS granting 25 Motion to Dismiss, filed by Commissioner of Social Security Administration, adopting 31 Report and Recommendations. Plaintiff's claims are dismissed without prejudice. Signed by Honorable Richard M Gergel on 12/28/11. (alew, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF SOUTH CAROLINA
Tawanda Blair, on behalf ofLJB
Commissioner of the
Social Security Administration,
Civil Action No. 8:11-cv-1416-RMG
Plaintiff, proceeding pro se on behalf of her minor son LJ.B., filed this action, pursuant
to 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), seeking judicial review of underpayments regarding her claim for
Supplemental Security Income ("SSI") awarded pursuant to the decision of the Commissioner of
Social Security. In accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 636(b) and Local Rule 73.02, D.S.C., this
matter was referred to a United States Magistrate Judge for pretrial handling. Defendant has
filed a motion to dismiss for lack of subject matter jurisdiction. (Dkt. No. 25). The Magistrate
Judge recommended that the Defendant's motion to dismiss be granted. (Dkt. No. 31). Plaintiff
filed objections to the Magistrate Judge's Report and Recommendation, Defendant filed a reply
and Plaintiff filed an additional reply and letter. (Dkt. Nos. 33, 35, 38 and 39). For reasons set
forth below, the Court grants the Defendant's motion to dismiss for lack of subject matter
The Magistrate Judge makes only a recommendation to this Court. The recommendation
has no presumptive weight, and the responsibility to make a final determination remains with the
Court. Mathews v. Weber, 423 U.S. 261 (1976). The Court is charged with making a de novo
determination of those portions of the Report to which specific objection is made, and may
accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the recommendation of the Magistrate Judge, or
recommit the matter to her with instructions. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1).
Plaintiff filed an application for SSI on behalfofL.J.B. on September 9, 2005, which was
initially denied on November 29, 2005.' (Dkt. No. 25-2 at 8). Plaintiff then timely filed a
request for a hearing on December 1, 2005, which was held on November 2, 2007. (Jd.). On
January 17, 2008, the ALJ issued a decision determining that L.J.B. was not disabled within the
meaning of the Social Security Act since the filing of the application on September 9,2005. (Jd.
at 19). The Appeals Council did not receive a request to appeal this decision. (Dkt. No. 25-2 at
3). On October 28, 2008, Plaintiff filed another application for SSI, which was granted on
February 27, 2009. (Dkt. No. 25-2 at 21). Plaintiff did not file a request for reconsideration
regarding this decision. (Dkt. No. 25-2 at 3).
Plaintiff filed the instant action in United States District Court for the Middle District of
Alabama, which was subsequently transferred to this Court after the Plaintiff relocated to South
Carolina. (Dkt. No.1). Plaintiff appears to claim that she has not been paid all of the amounts
that she is entitled to under her SSI claim. (Dkt. No. 1-1 at 2). Specifically, Plaintiff states that
the Commissioner "didn't correctly analyze application and He was suppose to be rewarded
more than they gave." (Jd.).
Pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), this Court may review a final decision of the
Commissioner of Social Security. 42 U.S.C. § 405(g); see also, Weinberger v. Sa!/i, 422 U.S.
The Administrative Law Judge (" ALJ") also noted that Plaintiff had filed claims on behalf of L.J.B. on May 15,
2000 and March 21, 2002, alleging disability commencing September 30, 1999, both of which were denied on
September 12,2000 and May 8, 2002 and no further action was taken on either claim. (Dkt. No. 25-2 at 8).
749, 764 (holding the requirement that a decision be final before judicial review "to be central to
the requisite grant of subject-matter jurisdiction-the statute empowers district courts to review a
particular type of decision by the Secretary, that type being those which are 'final' and 'made
after a hearing"'). To obtain a final decision, a claimant must proceed through the administrative
process outlined by the regulations as promulgated by the Secretary. 20 C.F.R. § 404.900(a).
This requires first obtaining an initial determination "about your entitlement or your continuing
entitlement to benefits or about any other matter, as discussed in § 404.902, that gives you a right
to further review." ld. Initial determinations include "any overpayment or underpayment of
your benefits." 20 C.F.R. § 404.902(j).
In the instant case, Plaintiff appears to be raising a new claim that she was underpaid
pursuant to the SSI benefits that she was awarded.
This claim has not been raised at the
administrative level and there has been no "initial determination." Because there was no initial
determination as to her claim, there is no final decision of the Commissioner and this Court does
not have subject matter jurisdiction to review the Plaintiffs claim. See Strong v. Commissioner,
2011 WL 534042 at *3 (D.Me. 2011)("Because there has been no administrative hearing on the
issue of the amount of (or any underpayment or offsets to) [plaintiff]'s child's benefits, he has
not exhausted his administrative appeal remedies."). Plaintiff will need to pursue her claims
regarding underpayment with the Social Security Administration before they can be properly
addressed by this Court.
Defendant's motion to dismiss is granted (Dkt. No. 25) and Plaintiffs claims are
dismissed without prejudice.
AND IT IS SO ORDERED.
United States District Judge
December 2,;j, 2011
Charleston, South Carolina
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