Clayton v. Doby
ORDER RULING ON REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION 10 . The Court DISMISSES this action without prejudice and without requiring Respondent to file an answer or return. The Court DENIES Petitioners motion for temporary restraining or der/preliminary injunction [ECF No. 3 . The Court DENIES a certificate of appealability because Petitioner has not made a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right under 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2). Signed by Honorable R Bryan Harwell on 9/27/2016. (kric, ) Modified on 9/27/2016: to correct typo (kmca).
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF SOUTH CAROLINA
Robert Lee Clayton, Jr.,
Civil Action No.: 8:16-cv-02851-RBH
Petitioner Robert Lee Clayton, Jr., a state pretrial detainee proceeding pro se, initiated this action
by filing a petition for a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254.1 See ECF No. 1. The
matter is now before the Court for review of the Report and Recommendation (R & R) of United States
Magistrate Judge Jacquelyn D. Austin, made in accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and Local
Rule 73.02 for the District of South Carolina. See R & R, ECF No. 10. The Magistrate Judge
recommends that the Court summarily dismiss this action without prejudice and without requiring
Respondent to file an answer or return, and that the Court deny Petitioner’s motion for temporary
restraining order/preliminary injunction. R & R at 1, 9.
The Magistrate Judge makes only a recommendation to this Court. The recommendation has
no presumptive weight, and the responsibility to make a final determination remains with this Court.
See Mathews v. Weber, 423 U.S. 261, 270-71 (1976). The Court is charged with making a de novo
determination of those portions of the R & R to which specific objection is made, and the Court may
accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the recommendation of the Magistrate Judge or recommit
the matter with instructions. See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1).
As the Magistrate Judge correctly recognizes, this Court must construe Petitioner’s application for relief
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 because he is a pretrial detainee. See R & R at 4.
Neither party has filed objections to the R & R, and the time for doing so has expired.2 In the
absence of objections to the R & R, the Court is not required to give any explanation for adopting the
Magistrate Judge’s recommendations. See Camby v. Davis, 718 F.2d 198, 199 (4th Cir. 1983). The
Court reviews only for clear error in the absence of an objection. See Diamond v. Colonial Life & Acc.
Ins. Co., 416 F.3d 310, 315 (4th Cir. 2005) (stating that “in the absence of a timely filed objection, a
district court need not conduct de novo review, but instead must ‘only satisfy itself that there is no clear
error on the face of the record in order to accept the recommendation’” (quoting Fed. R. Civ. P. 72
advisory committee’s note)).
Furthermore, a certificate of appealability will not issue absent “a substantial showing of the
denial of a constitutional right.” 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2). When the district court denies relief on the
merits, a prisoner satisfies this standard by demonstrating that reasonable jurists would find that the
court’s assessment of the constitutional claims is debatable or wrong. Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473,
484 (2000); see also Miller-El v. Cockrell, 537 U.S. 322, 336-38 (2003). When the district court denies
relief on procedural grounds, the prisoner must demonstrate (1) the dispositive procedural ruling is
debatable and (2) the petition states a debatable claim of the denial of a constitutional right. Slack, 529
U.S. at 484-85. In the instant case, the Court concludes that Petitioner has failed to make the requisite
showing of “the denial of a constitutional right.”
After a thorough review of the record in this case, the Court finds no clear error and hereby
adopts and incorporates by reference the R & R [ECF No. 10] of the Magistrate Judge. Accordingly,
the Court DISMISSES this action without prejudice and without requiring Respondent to file an
answer or return. The Court DENIES Petitioner’s motion for temporary restraining order/preliminary
Objections to the R & R were due by September 9, 2016. See ECF No. 10.
injunction [ECF No. 3]. The Court DENIES a certificate of appealability because Petitioner has not
made “a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right” under 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2).
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Florence, South Carolina
September 27, 2016
s/ R. Bryan Harwell
R. Bryan Harwell
United States District Judge
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?