Praylow v. Commissioner of Social Security Administration
ORDER RULING ON 17 REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION The court adopts the Report (ECF No. 19), and the Commissioner's decision is affirmed. Signed by Honorable Timothy M Cain on 02/21/2017. (egra, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF SOUTH CAROLINA
Ralph Praylow, Jr.,
Nancy A. Berryhill,
Acting Commissioner of Social Security,
Civil Action No. 9:15-3557-TMC
Plaintiff, Ralph Praylow, Jr. (“Praylow”), brought this action under 42 U.S.C. § 405(g),
seeking judicial review of a final decision of the Commissioner of Social Security
(“Commissioner”) denying his claim for disability insurance benefits (“DIB”) under the Social
Security Act (“SSA”).1 This matter is before the court for review of the Report and
Recommendation (“Report”) of the United States Magistrate Judge, made in accordance with 28
U.S.C. § 636(b)(1) and Local Civil Rule 73.02(B)(2)(a), D.S.C. (ECF No. 17).2 In his Report,
the magistrate judge recommends that the Commissioner’s decision be affirmed. Plaintiff filed
objections (ECF No. 19), and the Commissioner filed a reply (ECF No. 21). This matter is now
ripe for review.
Nancy A. Berryhill became the Acting Commissioner of the Social Security Administration on
January 27, 2017. Pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P.25(d), Berryhill should be substituted for Carolyn W.
Colvin as the defendant in this action.
The magistrate judge’s recommendation has no presumptive weight, and the responsibility for
making a final determination remains with the United States District Court. Mathews v. Weber,
423 U.S. 261, 270 (1976). The court is charged with making a de novo determination of those
portions of the Report to which specific objection is made. The court may accept, reject, or
modify, in whole or in part, the recommendation made by the magistrate judge or recommit the
matter with instructions. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1).
Praylow filed an application for DIB on November 21, 2013, alleging that he became
unable to work on September 12, 2013, due to a spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury
(“TBI”), migraine headaches, right frontal lobe atrophy, and diabetes. His application was
denied initially and on reconsideration by the Social Security Administration. He requested a
review by an administrative law judge (“ALJ”), and an ALJ conducted a hearing on December
On April 30, 2015, the ALJ issued a decision, finding that Praylow was not disabled as
defined in the SSA from September 12, 2013, through the date of the decision. (ECF No. 6-2 at
6-26). The ALJ found that Praylow suffered from a combination of severe impairments of posttraumatic stress disorder (“PTSD”), anxiety, depression, organic mental disorder, disorders of
the spine, right upper extremity neuropathy, and headaches. The ALJ specifically found that
Praylow’s knee and shoulder impairments, diabetes, plantar fasciitis, sleep apnea, tenia
veriscolor, obesity, and attention deficit disorder (“ADD”) were not severe impairments. (ECF
No. 6-2 at 13-14). The ALJ went on to find that Praylow’s impairments did not meet or
medically equal the criteria for any of the listed impairments. Accordingly, the ALJ proceeded
to assess Praylow’s residual functional capacity (“RFC”), finding that Praylow could perform a
significant range of light work with limitations. The ALJ concluded that Praylow could not
perform his past relevant work, but that he could perform other jobs in existence in the national
economy in significant numbers and, therefore, denied his claim.
Praylow sought review by the Appeals Council and he submitted additional evidence.
On August 5, 2015, after considering the additional information, the Appeals Council declined to
review the ALJ’s decision. Praylow then filed this action for judicial review on September 4,
2015. (ECF No. 1). The magistrate judge filed his Report on September 7, 2016. (ECF No.
17). On September 26, 2016, Praylow filed objections to the Report (ECF No. 19), and on
October 12, 2016, the Commissioner filed a reply to those objections (ECF No. 21).
II. Standard of Review
The federal judiciary has a limited role in the administrative scheme established by the
SSA. Section 405(g) of the Act provides, “the findings of the Commissioner of Social Security
as to any fact, if supported by substantial evidence, shall be conclusive . . . .” 42 U.S.C. § 405(g).
“Substantial evidence has been defined . . . as more than a scintilla, but less than a
preponderance.” Thomas v. Celebrezze, 331 F.2d 541, 543 (4th Cir. 1964). This standard
precludes a de novo review of the factual circumstances that substitutes the court’s findings for
those of the Commissioner. Vitek v. Finch, 438 F.2d 1157 (4th Cir. 1971). Thus, in its review,
the court may not “undertake to re-weigh conflicting evidence, make credibility determinations,
or substitute [its] own judgment for that of the [Commissioner].” Craig v. Chater, 76 F.3d 585,
589 (4th Cir. 1996).
However, “[f]rom this it does not follow . . . that the findings of the administrative agency
are to be mechanically accepted. The statutorily granted right of review contemplates more than
an uncritical rubber stamping of the administrative agency.” Flack v. Cohen, 413 F.2d 278, 279
(4th Cir. 1969). Rather, “the courts must not abdicate their responsibility to give careful scrutiny
to the whole record to assure that there is a sound foundation for the [Commissioner’s] findings,
and that this conclusion is rational.” Vitek, 438 F.2d at 1157-58.
In his objections, Praylow contends that the magistrate judge erred by finding the ALJ:
1) properly evaluated Praylow’s physical and mental severe and non-severe impairments in
combination; 2) gave the proper weight to the opinions of the treating physicians, specifically
those from the Department of Veterans Affairs (“VA”); and 3) properly identified jobs Praylow
could perform with the limitations found by the ALJ. At the outset, the court notes that
Praylow's arguments in support of his this objection are essentially the same arguments that the
magistrate judge considered and rejected. However, the court addresses each in turn below.
1) Combination of Impairments
The ALJ found Praylow had the severe impairments of PTSD, anxiety, depression,
organic mental disorder, disorders of the spine, right upper extremity neuropathy, and headaches
and the non-severe impairments of knee impairments, degenerative changes in the shoulder,
diabetes mellitus, plantar fasciitis, sleep apnea, tinea versicolor, and obesity. Praylow contends
that the ALJ erred by failing to evaluate the combined effect of his severe and non-severe
The magistrate judge noted that Praylow did not identify what Listing he believed his
impairments in combination meet or equal. (Report at 12). The magistrate judge also found that
the ALJ adequately considered Praylow’s impairments in combination. (Report at 13-16).
In his objections, Praylow states that he is not claiming his impairments meet a specific
listing, and is not required to identify a specific listing. (Objections at 2, 3).3 Rather, he now
appears to only argue that his impairments in combination render him disabled.
Accordingly, the court will not address Praylow’s impairments and whether they in combination
meet a listing. The court instead will address whether the ALJ erred in considering Praylow’s
impairments in combination throughout his decision.
In his brief, however, Praylow specifically argued that his “physical and mental medical history
proves that little question exists as to whether the combination of Plaintiff’s severe and
non-severe impairments equate to the severity of one of the listed impairments in 20 C.F.R. Part
404, Subpart P, Appendix 1.”
When a claimant has more than one impairment, the statutory and regulatory scheme for
making disability determinations, as interpreted by the Fourth Circuit, requires that the ALJ
consider the combined effect of these impairments in determining the claimant's disability status.
See Walker v. Bowen, 889 F.2d 47, 50 (4th Cir. 1989). The combined effect of the individual's
impairments should be considered at each stage of the disability determination process. Id. “As
a corollary, the ALJ must adequately explain his or her evaluation of the combined effects of the
“Courts in this district have found the ALJ’s discussion and analysis adequate where a
reading of the decision as a whole makes clear that the ALJ considered the combination of
impairments.” Bell v. Colvin, C/A No. 4:11-cv-2114-TER, 2013 WL 1282063, *5 (D.S.C. March
25, 2013). See Brown v. Astrue, C/A No. 10-cv-1584-RBH-PJG, 2012 WL 3716792, *6 (D.S.C.
Aug. 28, 2012) (when considering whether ALJ properly considered combined effects of
impairments, the decision must be read as a whole) (citing Green v. Chater, 64 F.3d 657, 1995
WL 478032, *3 (4th Cir. 1995)).
Here, the ALJ’s analysis reflects sufficient consideration of the combined effects of
Praylow’s impairments. See, e.g., Allen v. Colvin, C/A No. 4:12-cv-03540-DCN-TER, 2014 WL
1159039, *3 (D.S.C. March 20, 2014) (holding that ALJ's overall discussion was sufficient to
show that he considered the claimant’s impairments in combination). Furthermore, Praylow has
not offered how his combined impairments may have changed the outcome of this case or
identified any additional restrictions that would flow from his combined impairments. For these
reasons, the court finds the ALJ's listing analysis sufficiently addressed Plaintiff's combined
impairments and is supported by substantial evidence. See Brown v. Astrue, C/A No. 0:10-1584RBH, 2012 WL 3716792, at *6 (D.S.C. Aug. 28, 2012) (finding that Fourth Circuit precedent
issued after Walker suggested that Walker was not meant to be used as a trap for the
The court notes that Praylow attached evidence to his brief which he argues supports his
argument that he has a severe cervical spine impairment. (ECF No. 11-1). These medical records
are not part of the administrative record that the district court can consider in deciding whether
to uphold, modify, or reverse the final decision of the See Cline v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 96 F.3d
146, 148 (6th Cir.1996). A person seeking to present evidence to the court not put before the
ALJ or Appeals Council must show that the evidence is new and material, as well as show good
cause for the failure to incorporate the evidence at the prior proceeding. See 42 U.S.C. § 405(g);
Wilkins v. Sec., Dep’t of Health & Human Servs., 953 F.2d 93, 96 (4th Cir. 1991).4
2) VA opinions
Praylow argues that the ALJ failed to give sufficient weight to the medical opinions of
the VA. Specifically, he argues that the ALJ erred by failing to discuss all of the findings of Dr.
Wadman and by giving her opinion less weight than the opinions of physicians who evaluated
Praylow on only one occasion. Praylow contends that pursuant to Bird v. Comm’r of Social Sec.
Admin., 699 F.3d 337 (4th Cir. 2012), the ALJ is required to give substantial weight to the
opinions of his treating VA physicians unless the medical record clearly demonstrates that a
deviation is permitted. (Objections at 5). However, the holding in Bird applies to a VA
disability rating decision and not to VA physician’s opinions.
As to the opinions of the VA physicians, ALJs must consider all medical opinions in the
record. 20 C.F.R. § 404.1527(b). Medical opinions are “statements from physicians and
Moreover, the ALJ considered other evidence in the record regarding Praylow’s cervical spine
condition. The ALJ noted that a May 2013 cervical spine MRI revealed “no evidence of
significant central canal or neural foraminal narrowing,” and April 2014 cervical spine MRI
showed no stenosis and was unremarkable other than noting. Praylow’s history of fusion. (R. 16,
psychologists or other acceptable medical sources that reflect judgments about the nature and
severity of your impairment(s), including your symptoms, diagnosis and prognosis, what you can
still do despite impairment(s), and your physical or mental restrictions.” SSR 96-5p, quoting 20
C.F.R. § 404.1527(a).
The SSA's regulations require that ALJs accord controlling weight to treating physicians'
opinions that are well-supported by medically-acceptable clinical and laboratory diagnostic
techniques and that are not inconsistent with the other substantial evidence of record. 20 C.F.R. §
404.1527(c)(2); SSR 96-2p. If an ALJ declines to accord controlling weight to a treating
physician's opinion or if the record contains no opinion from a treating physician, the ALJ must
consider all the medical opinions of record in view of the factors in 20 C.F.R. § 404.1527(c). Id.
Those factors include (1) the examining relationship between the claimant and the medical
provider; (2) the treatment relationship between the claimant and the medical provider, including
the length of the treatment relationship and frequency of treatment and the nature and extent of
the treatment relationship; (3) the supportability of the medical provider's opinion in his
treatment records; (4) the consistency of the medical opinion with other evidence in the record;
and (5) the specialization of the medical provider offering the opinion. Johnson, 434 F.3d at 654;
20 C.F.R. § 404.1527(c).
It is not the role of this court to disturb the ALJ's determination as to the weight to be
assigned to a medical source opinion “absent some indication that the ALJ has dredged up
‘specious inconsistencies,’ Scivally v. Sullivan, 966 F.2d 1070, 1077 (7th Cir. 1992), or has not
given good reason for the weight afforded a particular opinion.” Craft v. Apfel, 164 F.3d 624
(unpublished), 1998 WL 702296, at *2 (4th Cir. 1998) (per curiam).
Praylow specifically alleges the ALJ did not adequately consider Dr. Wadman’s
opinions. The ALJ gave Dr. Wadman’s opinions some weight. (ECF No. 6-2 at 23). As the
magistrate judge notes in her Report, the ALJ discounted Dr. Wadman’s reports that Plaintiff
had marked fatigue due to his head injury because it was inconsistent with Dr. Wadman’s own
reports and there was no explanation how a head injury would result in fatigue. (Report at 1617). And the ALJ also discounted Dr. Wadman’s opinion that Plaintiff had frequent interference
in his interaction due to neurobehavioral issues because these opinions were also inconsistent
with her reports that Plaintiff acted appropriately. Id. at 18. The court agrees with the magistrate
judge’s analysis and conclusion and finds that substantial evidence supports the ALJ's decision
to give Dr. Wadman’s opinions only some weight.
Moreover, this is not a case where the ALJ failed to mention or to explain the
consideration given to the VA's disability decision. See, e.g., Allen v. Colvin, C/A No. 2:12-CV29-FL, 2013 WL 3983984 (Aug. 1, 2013) (remand required where Commissioner did not
indicate weight given to Medicaid determination). Rather, the ALJ carefully considered the VA
rating decision and found that lesser weight should be accorded the VA disability ratings in
Praylow's case because the ratings are based simply upon Praylow's diagnosis of and treatment
for certain impairments and do not take into consideration any functional limitations (or lack
thereof) caused by Praylow's impairments.
3) Jobs recommended by VE
When relying on VE testimony based on hypothetical questions, the hypotheticals posed
must account for all of the claimant's limitations as shown by the record. Walker v. Bowen, 889
F.2d 47, 50–51 (4th Cir.1989). If limitations are omitted, the VE's testimony is of limited value,
and may not constitute substantial evidence. See Johnson v. Barnhart, 434 F.3d 650, 659 (4th
Cir.2005) (citing Walker, 889 F.2d at 50).
Here, the ALJ was justified in relying on the VE's testimony. See Pierpaoli v. Astrue,
C/A No. 4:10-cv-2401, 2012 WL 265023, at *4 (D.S.C. Jan. 30, 2012) (“Even assuming there
was a conflict between the VE and the DOT, the ALJ may rely on the VE's professional
experience to resolve a conflict.”). Moreover, Praylow had ample opportunity to question the
VE's qualifications at the hearing and failed to do so. See Davis v. Colvin, C/A No. 8:11-cv3091, 2013 WL 709022, at *6 (D.S.C. Feb. 26, 2013) (finding that an objection to the R & R
under SSR 00–4p was improper where there was a lack of “subsequent inquiry by plaintiff or her
attorney at the hearing” on an issue arising under this regulation); Becker v. Astrue, 2011 WL
5979786 at *4 (W.D.Va. Nov. 29, 2011) (finding the plaintiff was precluded from raising an
alleged discrepancy between VE testimony and the D.O.T. where counsel did not note or
otherwise raise it during the hearing); Mosteller v. Astrue, 2010 WL 5317335, at *4–5
(W.D.N.C. July 26, 2010) (noting that claimant's argument under SSR 00–4p may be waived by
failure to raise issue at the ALJ hearing).
The hypothetical question posed to the VE properly represented Praylow's abilities and
limitations as set out in the RFC. Furthermore, there is substantial evidence to support the ALJ's
RFC determination. While Praylow may disagree with the RFC determination of the ALJ, the
court concludes that the hypothetical given by the ALJ to the VE was proper and accurately
reflected the RFC. Accordingly, this objection is without merit.
Having reviewed the record in light of these objections, and under the appropriate
standards, the court concurs with both the reasoning and the result reached by the magistrate
judge in his Report. The ALJ’s decision is supported by substantial evidence. Therefore, the
court adopts the Report (ECF No. 19), and the Commissioner’s decision is AFFIRMED.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
s/Timothy M. Cain
United States District Judge
February 21, 2017
Anderson, South Carolina
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