Waliezer v. Larson

Filing 24

ORDER Dismissing Case. Signed by U.S. District Judge Charles B. Kornmann on 11/17/2021. Mailed copy of order and appeal packet to to Plaintiff via USPS.(VMM)

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Case 1:21-cv-01021-CBK Document 24 Filed 11/17/21 Page 1 of 2 PageID #: 92 rlLtiD UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT NOV 1 / 202t DISTRICT OF SOUTH DAKOTA NORTHERN DIVISION SHANE D. WALIEZER, 1:21-CV-01021-CBK Plaintiff, ORDER OF DISMISSAL vs. JEFF LARSON,in his individual and official capacity. Defendant. Plaintiff filed a pro se complaint under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Plaintiff alleged that defendant provided plaintiff ineffeetive assistance of counsel during plaintiffs then- pending state court habeas proceeding. Plaintiff sought damages in the amount of$1.25 million. The Prison Litigation Reform Act requires the Court to screen prisoner complaints prior to service of process being issued and to dismiss any complaint that is "(1) frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted or (2)seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief." 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b). I am required to give the plaintiffs pro se complaint liberal construction and identify any diseernable cognizable claim. Solomon v. Petrav. 795 F.Sd 111, 787 (8th Cir. 2015). I have conducted an initial review as required by § 1915A. Plaintiffs complaint must be dismissed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(i) because plaintiff has failed to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. "To state a claim under § 1983, a plaintiff must allege the violation of a right secured by the Constitution and laws ofthe United States, and must show that the alleged deprivation was committed by a person acting under color of state law." West v. Atkins. 487 U.S. 42, 48, 108 S.Ct. 2250, 2254-55, 101 L.Ed.2d 40(1988). The United States Supreme Court has held that "a public defender does not act under color of state law Case 1:21-cv-01021-CBK Document 24 Filed 11/17/21 Page 2 of 2 PageID #: 93 when performing a lawyer's traditional functions as counsel to a defendant in a criminal proceeding." Polk County v. Dodson,454 U.S. 312, 324, 102 S.Ct. 445,453, 70 L.Ed.2d 509(1981). Further, the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit has held that the conduct of private attorneys "generally does not constitute action under color of law." DuBose v. Kelly. 187 F.3d 999, 1003 (8th Cir. 1999). The defendant was plaintiffs attorney in plaintiffs state court habeas case. Plaintiffs claim is that defendant provided ineffective assistance of counsel in conjunction with that state court habeas case. Plaintiff has failed to allege any facts showing that the defendant was acting under color of state law. The proper avenue to bring a Sixth Amendment claim that counsel was ineffective is a petition for a writ of habeas corpus. Now,therefore, IT IS ORDERED that this matter is dismissed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b) for failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. DATED this of November, 2021. BY THE COURT: CHARLES B. KORNMANN United States District Judge

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