Gregory v. Young et al
ORDER Dismissing Case. Signed by U.S. District Judge Karen E. Schreier on 12/30/2013. (KC)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF SOUTH DAKOTA
GARLAND RAY GREGORY, JR.,
DARIN YOUNG, Warden; and
ATTORNEY GENERAL OF THE
STATE OF SOUTH DAKOTA,
ORDER DENYING PETITION FOR
WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS
AND DISMISSING CASE
Petitioner, Garland Ray Gregory, Jr., is an inmate at the South Dakota
State Penitentiary (SDSP) in Sioux Falls, South Dakota. Gregory filed a pro se
motion for relief pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 60(b). Docket 1.
Shortly thereafter, the Clerk of Courts notified Gregory that his motion would be
construed to be a motion for relief pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. Docket 4. In
response, Gregory filed a motion to change the case type from a § 2254 to a
motion for relief under Rule 60(b). Docket 5.
The court referred the petition to United States Magistrate Judge John E.
Simko pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) for the purposes of conducting any
necessary hearings and issuing a report and recommendation for the disposition
of Gregory’s § 2254 petition. On July 8, 2013, Magistrate Judge Simko issued a
report and recommendation for the disposition of Gregory’s § 2254 petition.
Docket 6. Gregory filed timely objections to the report and recommendation on
July 16, 2013. Docket 7. For the reasons set forth herein, the court adopts
Magistrate Judge Simko’s report and recommendation.
The court’s review of a magistrate judge’s report and recommendation is
governed by 28 U.S.C. § 636 and Rule 72 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1), the court reviews de novo any objections that
are timely made and specific. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b) (“The district judge must
determine de novo any part of the magistrate judge’s disposition that has been
properly objected to.”).
In the instant case, Gregory objects to Magistrate Judge Simko’s
recommendation that Gregory’s petition for relief be construed as a second or
successive § 2254 petition rather than a Rule 60(b) motion. Gregory asserts that
his petition should be construed as a Rule 60(b) motion because he is
challenging the integrity of the state court proceedings. First, Gregory asserts
that the sentencing judge improperly took judicial notice of transcripts from
proceedings which he did not officiate, thus violating SDCL 15-6-63. Docket 7 at
2. Second, Gregory argues that both his trial counsel and his state habeas
counsel provided ineffective assistance. Docket 7 at 3. Third, Gregory asserts the
Supreme Court of South Dakota issued a new rule of constitutional law that,
when retroactively applied to Gregory’s case, establishes that Gregory was
convicted on insufficient information. Docket 7 at 3. Finally, Gregory contends
that the state proceedings were defective because the trial court failed to
adequately advise him prior to sentencing. Docket 7 at 4. Based on these
contentions, Gregory believes the court should construe his petition as a Rule
60(b) motion and grant him relief from his conviction.
Having reviewed de novo the issues raised by Gregory’s objections, the
court adopts the magistrate judge’s recommendation. As noted by the magistrate
judge, a Rule 60(b) motion will be construed as a second or successive habeas
petition “where the Rule 60(b) motion seeks to challenge the underlying state
conviction.” Thompson v. Wydner, 2008 WL 336311, at *4 (E.D. Pa. Feb. 1,
2008). To avoid being construed as a second or successive habeas petition, a
Rule 60(b) motion must “not assert, or reassert, claims of error in the movant’s
state conviction.” Gonzalez v. Crosby, 545 U.S. 524, 538 (2005).
In his objections to Magistrate Judge Simko’s report and recommendation,
Gregory states that his petition is properly construed as a Rule 60(b) motion
because the petition is “about the integrity of the proceedings.” Docket 7 at 1.
Gregory is likely responding to the portion of the magistrate judge’s findings
which indicates that a Rule 60(b) motion attacking the integrity of the federal
habeas proceedings will not be construed as a habeas petition. This rule,
however, does not work to Gregory’s advantage. Gregory’s petition attacks the
integrity of his state court proceedings—specifically the conduct of the
sentencing judge, the evidence against him, and the effectiveness of
counsel—and thus represents a challenge to his underlying state conviction. In
the absence of permission from the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals to file a
second or subsequent writ of habeas corpus, this court is without jurisdiction to
consider Gregory’s petition for relief. It is therefore
ORDERED that the report and recommendation of Magistrate Judge
Simko (Docket 6) is adopted. The court rejects Gregory’s objections to Magistrate
Judge Simko’s report and recommendation (Docket 7), denies Gregory’s motion
to change case type (Docket 5), and denies Gregory’s § 2254 application for relief
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Gregory’s motion for leave to proceed in
forma pauperis (Docket 2) is granted.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Gregory’s motion to appoint counsel
(Docket 3) is denied as moot.
Dated December 30, 2013.
BY THE COURT:
/s/ Karen E. Schreier
KAREN E. SCHREIER
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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