Smith v. Young et al
ORDER granting 96 Motion for Protective Order; denying 86 Motion to now set up precedence of notice of plain error; denying 88 Motion to Amend/Correct; denying 93 Motion to Compel; denying 99 Motion to Appoint Counsel ; denying 100 Motion re Rule 16 Pretrial Conference; denying 105 Motion for Leave to File Depositions under Rule28(a)(1)(B) and (2); denying 106 Motion for TRO; denying 108 Motion to Amend/Correct; denying 109 Motion to Amend/Correct; denying 110 Motion to Compel; denying 112 Motion. Signed by U.S. District Judge Karen E. Schreier on 6/21/2017. (JLS)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF SOUTH DAKOTA
BRUCE EDGAR SMITH,
SGT. KURTIS BROWN, Correctional
Officer; JESS BOYSEN, Correctional
Officer; JUSTIN KUKU, Correctional
Officer; ANGELA STEINEKE,
Coordinator of West Hall; KEITH
DITMENSON, Unit Manager, West Hall;
HEATHER BOWERS, Head nurse of
Health Services; MARY CARPENTER,
Head Doctor for Health Care; LONNA
VINK, Nurse Health Services; DAVID
STEPHAN, DCI, Division Of Criminal
ORDER GRANTING MOTION
FOR PROTECTIVE ORDER AND
DENYING REMAINING MOTIONS
Plaintiff, Bruce Edgar Smith, filed a pro se lawsuit under 42 U.S.C.
§ 1983. Smith has again filed a number of motions, and defendants move the
court to grant them a protective order staying discovery. For the reasons below,
the court denies Smith’s motions and grants defendants’ motion.
Defendants move the court to grant them a protective order staying
discovery until resolution of the qualified immunity issue. Pursuant to
Rule 26(c), “the court has discretion to stay discovery on other issues until the
critical issue has been decided.” 8A Charles Alan Wright, Arthur R. Miller, and
Richard L. Marcus, Federal Practice and Procedure § 2040 (3d ed.); Steinbuch
v. Cutler, 518 F.3d 580, 588 (8th Cir. 2008) (citing Lakin v. Prudential Sec.,
Inc., 348 F.3d 704, 713 (8th Cir. 2003)); see also Maune v. Int’l Bhd. of Elec.
Workers, 83 F.3d 959, 963 (8th Cir. 1996) (upholding the district court's
granting of a party’s request to stay discovery).
Smith argues that the court should deny defendants’ motion because
they were required to raise the qualified immunity argument before answering
or before the court issued a scheduling order. He cites Turner v. Clelland, No.
1:15CV947, 2016 WL 6997500 (M.D.N.C. Nov. 30, 2016), report and
recommendation adopted sub nom. Turner, Jr. v. Clelland, No. 1:15CV947,
2017 WL 913630 (M.D.N.C. Mar. 7, 2017). The court in Turner, however,
denied the same argument Smith raises. Because the qualified immunity issue
may be dispositive, the court grants defendant’s motion for a protective order
and stays discovery until resolution of the qualified immunity issue.
Smith filed a number of motions pertaining to discovery both before and
after defendants moved for a protection order. Dockets 93, 105, 110. Because
discovery has now been stayed, these motions are denied. Smith may refile
them if defendants’ motion for summary judgment based on qualified
immunity is denied.
Responses From the Court
Smith filed a number of motions concerning the lack of response he
receives from the court and defendants. Dockets 100, 112. Both the court and
defendants have provided the necessary responses to Smith’s filings.
Therefore, the motions are denied. This includes Docket 106, which was
docketed as a letter, but may be construed as a motion for a temporary
restraining order because Smith believes his mail is not being sent due to lack
of response from the court. Smith also filed a motion putting the court and
parties on notice that he will appeal if his motions are denied. Docket 86. With
this motion, Smith merely expresses his unhappiness with the court’s
decisions, and it is dismissed as well.
Motions to Amend
Smith moves to amend his complaint three times. Dockets 88, 108, 109.
Under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 15, a party may amend its pleading
once as a matter of course within 21 days after serving it. “In all other cases, a
party may amend its pleading only with the opposing party’s written consent
or the court’s leave.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(a)(2). “Although leave to amend shall be
freely given when justice so requires, plaintiffs do not have an absolute or
automatic right to amend. Futility is a valid basis for denying leave to amend.”
Sorace v. United States, 788 F.3d 758, 767 (8th Cir. 2015) (citation omitted).
Smith’s amendments seek to add defendants who the court previously
dismissed, and the majority of the documents are identical. Smith offers no
compelling reason why the court should reverse its decision to dismiss these
defendants. Therefore, Smith’s motions to amend are futile, and they are
Motion to Appoint Counsel
Smith moves the court to appoint him counsel. Docket 99. “A pro se
litigant has no statutory or constitutional right to have counsel appointed in a
civil case.” Stevens v. Redwing, 146 F.3d 538, 546 (8th Cir. 1998). In
determining whether to appoint counsel to a pro se litigant’s civil case, the
district court considers the complexity of the case, the ability of the indigent
litigant to investigate the facts, the existence of conflicting testimony, and the
indigent litigant’s ability to present his claim. Id. Smith’s claims are not
complex, and he appears able to adequately present his § 1983 claims at this
time. Therefore, his motion is denied.
Thus, it is ORDERED
Defendants’ motion for protective order (Docket 96) is granted.
Discovery is stayed until resolution of the qualified immunity
Defendants shall file their motion for summary judgment based
on qualified immunity by July 20, 2017.
Plaintiff’s motion to now set up precedence of notice of plain error
(Docket 86) is denied.
Plaintiff’s motion to supplement and amend (Docket 88) is denied.
Plaintiff’s motion to compel (Docket 93) is denied.
Plaintiff’s motion to appoint (Docket 99) is denied.
Plaintiff’s motion to have the court establish control of the case
(Docket 100) is denied.
Plaintiff’s motion for leave to file for permission to file depositions
(Docket 105) is denied.
To the extent Docket 106 constitutes a motion for temporary
restraining order, it is denied.
Plaintiff’s motion to supplement and amend (Docket 108) is
Plaintiff’s motion to supplement and amend (Docket 109) is
Plaintiff’s motion to compel (Docket 110) is denied.
Plaintiff’s motion for default because of nonparticipation
(Docket 112) is denied.
Dated June 21, 2017.
BY THE COURT:
/s/ Karen E. Schreier
KAREN E. SCHREIER
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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