Rindahl v. Avera Medical Group Bd of Directors & Administrators (Mckennan) et al
ORDER denying 5 Motion for Leave to Proceed In Forma Pauperis. Signed by U.S. District Judge Roberto A. Lange on 11/14/17. (SKK)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NOV 1 4 2017
DISTRICT OF SOUTH DAKOTA
ORDER DENYING LEAVE TO
PROCEED IN FORMA PAUPERIS
AVERA MEDICAL GROUP BOARD OF
DIRECTORS & ADMINISTRATORS
AVERA MEDICAL GROUP BD OF
DIRECTORS & ADMINISTRATORS(ST.
UNKNOWN EMERGENCY ROOM DOCTOR;
UNKNOWN EMERGENCY ROOM I^URSE;
UNKNOWN SURGICAL TEAM;
UNKNOWN 2ND FLOOR STAFF FOR.
ST. LUKES RADIOLOGIST-DOCTOR;
UNKNOWN ST. LUKES STAFF;
CORRECTIONAL HEALTH SERVICES
BOARD OF DIRECTORS &
TAMMY TOP,PHYSICIAL ASSISTANT;
LISA, LAST NAME UNKNOWN,
LEANN,LAST NAME UNKNOWN,
P. DOOR,LPN; AND
ANY AND ALL UNKNOWN STAFF;
Plaintiff, Randy Rindahl, moves for leave to proeeed in forma pauperis. Doc. 5. The
Prison Litigation Reform Act, 28 U.S.C.§ 1915(g) states:
In no event shall a prisoner bring a eivil action or appeal a judgment in a civil
action or proceeding under this section if the prisoner has, on 3 or more prior
occasions, while incarcerated or detained in any facility, brought an action or
appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the grounds that it is
frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted,
unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical injury.
Rindahl has filed more than 3 cases that were dismissed as frivolous, malicious, or
lacking merit. See Rindahl v. Young et al, Civ. 15-4182-RAL Docket 9 (citing Rindahl v.
Daugaard et al, Civ. 11-04082-KES Docket 48 at 3-5; Docket 58 at 14, which in turn lists five
previous cases dismissed as "strikes" under 1915(g)). He is, therefore, barred from filing a
federal civil case unless he pays the filing fee in full or alleges imminent danger of serious
In his complaint, Rindahl claims he is under imminent danger of serious physical injury.
Doc. 1 at 2. Rindahl claims that a previously broken clavicle and rib could puncture his heart or
lung and place him in danger of further injury. M Rindahl further alleges that he already has
lung scarring, which was discovered in January of 2017. Id. Rindahl elaims that these conditions
"show a risk of further injury, and threat to life[.]" Id. at 16. Rindahl does not allege when the rib
and clavicle break occurred. Rindahl does, however, allege that a St. Lukes's radiologist
concealed the broken clavicle and rib in January of 2011. See id. at 12. From this, the Court can
infer that the rib and clavicle break occurred in or before January of 2017.
The imminent danger of serious physical injury exception ". . . focuses on the risk that
the conduct complained of threatens continuing or future injury, not on whether the inmate
deserves a remedy for past misconduct." Martin v. Shelton, 319 F.3d 1048, 1050 (8th Cir. 2003).
To establish that the inmate is under imminent danger of serious physical injury, the inmate must
make "specific fact allegations of ongoing serious physical injury, or of a pattern of misconduct
evidencing a likelihood of imminent serious physical injury." Id. For example, the "imminent-
danger-of-serious-physical-injury standard was satisfied . • • when an inmate alleged deliberate
indifference to his serious medical needs that resulted in five tooth extractions and a spreading
mouth infection requiring two additionafextractions, McAlphin v. Toney, 281 F.3d 709, 710-11
(8th Cir.2002)." Id.-, see also Voth v. Lytle, 2005 WL 3358909, at *1 (D. Or. Dec. 8, 2005)
(imminent danger standard satisfied where a plaintiff experienced severe pain and constant rectal
bleeding for four months and believed something had ruptured in his lower stomach); Perez v.
Sullivan, 2005 WL 3434395 at *1 (W.D. Wis. Dec. 13, 2005) (imminent danger standard
satisfied where Plaintiff alleged severe pain stemming from spinal arthritis and chronic nerve
root damage for which a disk laminectomy had been recon^ended).
In McAlphin, the plaintiff was experiencing extreme pain from loose and infected teeth,
which caused bleeding, swelling, and trouble sleeping and eating. Here, Rindahl demonstrates no
irmnediate danger of physical injury and instead contends that his past ailments could cause
further injury. Doc. 1 at ,16; see Martin v. Shelton, 319 F.3d 1048, 1050 (8"* Cir. 2003)
("conclusory assertions" were insufficient to "invoke the exception to § 1915(g)"). Rindahl's
case is more similar to Cole v, McNeil, 2010 WL 2872211, at *2 (N.D. Fla. April 13, 2010). In
Cole, the Northern District of Florida found no imminent danger where plaintiff had a previously
broken rib that plaintiff acknowledged had healed but was "still 'significantly displaced [.]'"Id.
Similarly, Rindahl's broken rib and clavicle occurred well before his allegation of imminent
danger. Doc. 1 at 12. Rindahl also does not contend his rib and clavicle remain significantly
displaced or have failed to heal. Liberally construed, Rindahl's complaint does not satisfy the
imminent danger of serious physical injury standard.
Accordingly, it is
ORDERED that Rindahl's motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis (Doc. 5) is
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Rindahl shall pay the full filing fee of $400 to the clerk
of court within thirty(30) days after receipt of this Order if he wishes to proceed. If he fails to do
so, the case will be dismissed without prejudice.
DATED November j4_,2017.
BY THE COURT:
ROBERTO A. LANGE
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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