Stooksbury v. Ross et al
ORDER that the Court OVERRULES defendants objections 1136 and 1168 . Moreover, even considering de novo, for the reasons stated herein and by the magistrate judge, the Court finds that the motions for the receivership estate to pay legal fees and expenses without merit. The magistrate judges memorandum and order dated December 26, 2013 1153 , is hereby AFFIRMED. Signed by Chief District Judge Thomas A Varlan on 4/30/14. (ABF)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF TENNESSEE
ROBERT T. STOOKSBURY, JR.,
MICHAEL L. ROSS, et al.,
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
This civil matter is before the Court on two objections to an order of the magistrate
judge dated December 26, 2013 [Doc. 1153]: Defendants’ Objection to Memorandum and
Order [Doc. 1163], and Objections to the Magistrate Court’s Memorandum and Order
Denying Disbursement of Receivership Funds to Pay Legal Fees and Expenses [Doc. 1168].
The receiver and plaintiff filed responses to the objections [Docs. 1171, 1186].
In the December 26, 2013 order, the magistrate judge considered motions by the Ross
Defendants1 and the Estate of Dale Ross Defendants2 to (1) order payment of all unpaid
professional fees and expenses owed to counsel for defendants from the receivership
These defendants include Michael L. Ross; Evelyn W. Ross; LTR Properties, Inc.; VPI
Company, LLC; Tellico Lake Properties, LP; NJS Development Company, LLC; WH McCollum
& Co., LLC; RM Company, LLC; Pine Mountain Partnership; Pine Mountain Properties, G.P.;
RMT Cottages, LLC; RMT Properties, LLC; RMT Properties, LP; RMT Village Shops, LLC;
PM Properties of Tennessee, LP; PM Properties of Tennessee, LLC; PM Properties #2 of
Tennessee, LP; PM Properties #2 of Tennessee, LLC; PM Properties #3 of Tennessee, LP; PM
Properties #3 of Tennessee, LLC; M&D Ross Rentals; OR Properties, LLC; CC Properties, LLC;
RFD, LLC; HDP Properties, LLC; RRT Properties, LLC; Vonore Properties, LLC; and WFD
These defendants include the Estate of Dale Ross, Rebecca Jordan, Rarity Management
Company, LLC, and Patricia Ross.
account, and (2) permit defendants to submit monthly invoices to the receiver for payment
from the receivership account [Docs. 1102, 1130]. Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636, the Rules of
this Court, and Standing Order 13-02, Magistrate Judge Guyton denied the motions. He
found “that Defendants’ present position is inconsistent with the principles of equity and is
completely incongruent with the purpose of the Receivership” [Doc. 1153]. He also found
28 U.S.C. § 959(b), a provision relied upon by defendants, neither binding nor persuasive
authority on the issue because it addresses a receiver’s role as an asset manager [Id.].
Defendants filed objections asserting: (1) that the memorandum and order is
inconsistent with the Court’s January 10, 2013 Memorandum and Order [Doc. 839], which
authorized defendants to hire counsel using “liquid assets available to them” and if
necessary, to liquidate real property upon five (5) business days notice to the Court”; (2) that
the receiver has a statutory duty under 28 U.S.C. § 959(b) to administer the income and
assets under his control for the benefit of all creditors, and (3) that Magistrate Judge Guyton
erroneously assumed the truth of post-judgment wrongdoing [See Docs. 1163, 1168].
“A Magistrate Judge’s decision on a non-dispositive matter will be reversed only if it
is ‘clearly erroneous or contrary to law.’” Gandee v. Glaser, 785 F. Supp. 684, 686 (S.D.
Ohio 1992). As the issues underlying the magistrate judge’s order are nondispositve, the
Court will consider defendants’ objections and set aside the magistrate judge’s findings only
if they are clearly erroneous or contrary to law. “A finding is clearly erroneous when the
reviewing court on the entire evidence is left with the definite and firm conviction that a
mistake has been committed.” Heights Cmty. Congress v. Hilltop Realty, Inc., 774 F.2d 135,
140 (6th Cir. 1985).
With respect to defendants’ objection that the magistrate judge’s order is inconsistent
with the Court’s previous order authorizing defendants to hire counsel using liquid assets
available to them and to liquidate real property if necessary, the Court finds the magistrate
judge’s decision is not inconsistent with the previous order and that the magistrate judge’s
order is therefore neither clearly erroneous nor contrary to law. In the Court’s previous
order, the Court determined the defendants could do the following:
[O]f course, retain the right to hire counsel, and they may contract
counsel to represent them in this and other cases. They may hire
counsel of their choosing using liquid assets available to them. To the
extent Defendants will finance retention of counsel through liquidating
real property or investment accounts that may be subject to the
Judgment obtained in this case, they shall file notice of their intent to
liquidate five (5) business days prior to any liquidation.
The Court thus contemplated defendants paying their counsel, not with
receivership funds, but the assets available to them. And this result is consistent with the
purpose of the receivership, which is to protect and control the assets of the receivership
estate [See Doc. 586]. Moreover, the Court previously denied defendants’ motion for the
receiver to defend them in Stooksbury II because using receivership assets to pay defendants’
legal fees would be “inconsistent with the preservation of the assets in the Receivership
estate” and would “undermine both the Plaintiff’s recovery on his judgment and the
Defendants’ ability to satisfy their judgment debt” [Doc. 817]. That same reasoning applies
Regarding defendants’ objection related to § 959(b), the Court finds that the
magistrate judge correctly determined that the statute does not pertain to the instant issue
because it discusses a receiver’s role as an asset manager. Defendants do note cite case law
indicating otherwise, and the only case law cited by defendants is inapposite.
More specifically, defendants assert that under the principles recited in Butcher v.
Howard, 715 S.W.2d 601, 603 (Tenn. Ct. App. 1986), and Willingham v. Gallatin Group,
Inc., No. M1998-00990-COA-R3-CV, 2001 WL 134599, at *7 (Tenn. Ct. App. Feb. 16,
2001), the receiver “stands in the shoes” of the individual over whose property he has been
appointed and must make these funds available for them to pay their legal fees. In Butcher,
the court held that “in a creditor’s action, the receiver holds the property for the benefit of the
creditors,” 715 S.W.2d at 604, and in Willingham, the court noted that “with respect to
business taxes . . . a receiver steps into and stands in the shoes of the dissolving corporation
with exactly the same rights and obligations that the corporation had,” 2001 WL 134599, at
*7. Yet, neither of these cases address § 959(b) nor support the proposition that a receiver is
obligated to pay the attorneys’ fees of defendants. To the contrary, Butcher endorses the fact
that a receiver must act in a manner to benefit creditors of the receivership estate. Here, the
depletion of receivership assets to pay the attorneys’ fees for the very entities and individuals
whose conduct gave rise to the appointment of the receiver would not serve to benefit the
creditors of the receivership estate. See SEC v. Wealth Mgmt. LLC, 628 F.3d 323, 334 (7th
Cir. 2010) (“On its face, § 959(b) has no particular significance for distribution decisions in a
liquidation; that is, it does not affect the receiver’s—or the court’s—classification or
subordination of claims.”).
Finally, defendants object to the magistrate judge’s statement that “[i]f the Defendants
had conveyed their assets to the Plaintiff upon entry of the judgment instead of frustrating
collection, they would not then call upon the plaintiff to pay their legal fees and expenses
from the assets yielded to satisfy the judgment” [Doc. 1153]. While defendants are correct
that the Court has expressly acknowledged that it will adjudicate whether any individual or
entity engaged in wrongful conduct in obtaining ownership of assets [Doc. 1035], the
magistrate judge’s statement does not make a decision in that regard.
Accordingly, finding no clear error or decision contrary to law, the Court
OVERRULES defendants’ objections [Docs. 1136, 1168]. Moreover, even considering de
novo, for the reasons stated herein and by the magistrate judge, the Court finds that the
motions for the receivership estate to pay legal fees and expenses without merit. The
magistrate judge’s memorandum and order dated December 26, 2013 [Doc. 1153], is hereby
IT IS SO ORDERED.
s/ Thomas A. Varlan
CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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