Joseph v. Social Security Administration et al
MEMORANDUM: For the foregoing reasons, the court will overrule plaintiff's Objections (Doc. No. 21 ); accept and adopt the magistrate judge's R&R (Doc. No. 20 ); deny the plaintiff's Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings and Administr ative Record (Doc. No. 13 ); and affirm the SSA's decision. An appropriate order is filed herewith. Signed by District Judge Aleta A. Trauger on 8/8/17. (DOCKET TEXT SUMMARY ONLY-ATTORNEYS MUST OPEN THE PDF AND READ THE ORDER.)(gb)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF TENNESSEE
NANCY A. BERRYHILL,
Acting Commissioner of Social Security,
Case No. 3:16-cv-01339
Judge Aleta A. Trauger
Plaintiff Steven Joseph brings this action under 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), seeking judicial
review of the Social Security Commissioner’s denial of his applications for disability insurance
benefits (“DIB”) and supplemental security insurance (“SSI”) under Titles II and XVI of the
Social Security Act.
On June 13, 2017, the magistrate judge issued a Report and Recommendation (“R&R”)
(Doc. No. 20), recommending that the plaintiff’s Motion for Judgment on the Administrative
Record (Doc. No. 13) be denied and that the decision of the Social Security Administration
(“SSA”) be affirmed. The plaintiff has filed timely Objections (Doc. No. 21), to which the SSA
has responded (Doc. No. 22). For the reasons discussed herein, the court will overrule the
Objections, accept the R&R, and deny the plaintiff’s motion.
The plaintiff filed his applications for DIB and SSI on June 27, 2013, with a protective
filing date of June 4, 2013, claiming that he had been disabled since November 1, 2007. (See
Administrative Record (AR) 1 274–87, Doc. No. 11.) He later amended the onset date to May 12,
2013. (AR 318.)
The SSA denied the application initially and upon reconsideration. (AR 102–59, 163–68,
174–81.) The plaintiff requested and received a hearing before an Administrative Law Judge
(“ALJ”), which was conducted on October 30, 2015. (AR 46–101.) The plaintiff and a vocational
expert appeared and testified at the hearing. The plaintiff was represented at the hearing by a
The ALJ issued a decision unfavorable to the plaintiff on December 11, 2015, finding
that the plaintiff was not disabled within the meaning of the Social Security Act and Regulations.
(AR 24–40.) The ALJ made the following specific findings:
1. The claimant meets the insured status requirements of the Social Security Act
through March 30, 2017.
2. The claimant has not engaged in substantial gainful activity since May 12,
2013, the alleged onset date (20 CFR 404.1571 et seq., and 20 CFR 416.971 et
seq.). . . .
3. The claimant has the following severe impairments: cervical degenerative disc
disease; left eye blindness and photosensitivity; personality disorder with
maladaptive personality traits; anxiety disorder; bi-polar disorder; somatic
symptoms disorder; attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; and autism spectrum /
Asperger’s syndrome. (20 CFR 404.1520(c) and 416.920(c)). . . .
4. The claimant does not have an impairment or combination of impairments that
meets or medically equals the severity of one of the listed impairments in 20 CFR
Part 404, Subpart P, Appendix 1 (20 CFR 404.1520(d), 404.1525, 404.1526,
416.920(d), 416.925 and 416.926). . . .
5. After careful consideration of the entire record, the undersigned finds that the
claimant has the residual functional capacity to perform medium work as defined
in 20 CFR 404.1567(c) and 417.967(c) except he can frequently lift twenty-five
pounds and occasionally up to fifty pounds; stand and/or walk for about six hours
in an eight hour workday; sit for about six hours in an eight-hour workday; with
the non-dominant left hand, he can frequently grab and twist and occasionally
Page number references to the administrative record are consistent with the Bates stamp
number at the lower right corner of each page.
grasp; he can frequently perform hand to finger repetitive action and frequently
work with small objects; he can frequently read size 12 print and larger; he can
occasionally read smaller than size 12 print; he can handle and work with rather
large objects; occasionally avoid hazards in the workplace, such as boxes on the
floor and doors ajar; should avoid concentrated exposure to fumes, odors, dusts,
gases and poor ventilation; and he should only work around moderate noise. He
can maintain concentration, persistence, and pace for two hours at one time over
an eight hour workday; occasionally interact with coworkers and supervisors but
he should not work with the general public; he can adapt to infrequent changes in
the workplace. . . .
6. The claimant is unable to perform any past relevant work (20 CFR 404.1565
and 416.965). . . .
7. The claimant was born on December 4, 1961 and was 51 years old, which is
defined as an individual closely approaching advanced age, on the alleged
disability onset date (20 CFR 404.1563 and 419.963).
8. The claimant has at least a high school education and is able to communicate in
English (20 CFR 404.1564 and 416.964).
9. Transferability of job skills is not material to the determination of disability
because using the Medical-Vocational Rules as a framework supports a finding
that the claimant is “not disabled,” whether or not the claimant has transferable
job skills (See SSR 82-41 and 20 CFR Part 404, Subpart P, Appendix 2).
10. Considering the claimant’s age, education, work experience, and residual
functional capacity, there are jobs that exist in significant numbers in the national
economy that the claimant can perform (20 CFR 404.1569, 404.1569(a), 416.969,
415.969(a)). . . .
11. The claimant has not been under a disability, as defined in the Social Security
Act, since May 12, 2013, through the date of this decision. (20 CFR 404.1520(g)
The Appeals Council declined review of the case (AR 1), thus rendering the ALJ’s
decision the “final decision” of the Commissioner.
The plaintiff filed his Complaint initiating this action on June 11, 2016. (Doc. No. 1.) The
SSA filed a timely Answer (Doc. No. 10), denying liability, and a complete copy of the
Administrative Record (Doc. No. 11). On October 6, 2016, the plaintiff filed his Motion for
Judgment on the Administrative Record and supporting Brief (Doc. Nos. 13, 14), which the SSA
opposed (Doc. No. 17). The plaintiff filed a Reply. (Doc. No. 18.) On June 13, 2017, the
magistrate judge issued his R&R (Doc. No. 20), recommending that the plaintiff’s motion be
denied and that the SSA’s decision be affirmed.
The plaintiff filed Objections to the R&R (Doc. No. 21); the SSA has filed a Response in
opposition to the Objections (Doc. No. 22).
STANDARD OF REVIEW
When a magistrate judge issues a report and recommendation regarding a dispositive
pretrial matter, the district court must review de novo any portion of the report and
recommendation to which a proper objection is made. Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b)(1)(C); 28 U.S.C. §
636(b)(1)(C); United States v. Curtis, 237 F.3d 598, 603 (6th Cir. 2001); Massey v. City of
Ferndale, 7 F.3d 506, 510 (6th Cir. 1993). Objections must be specific; a general objection to the
R&R is not sufficient and may result in waiver of further review. Miller v. Currie, 50 F.3d 373,
380 (6th Cir. 1995). In conducting its review of the objections, the district court “may accept,
reject, or modify the recommended disposition; receive further evidence; or return the matter to
the magistrate judge with instructions.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b)(3).
In Social Security cases under Title XVI, like those under Title II, the Commissioner
determines whether a claimant is disabled within the meaning of the Social Security Act and, as
such, entitled to benefits. 42 U.S.C. §§ 1383(c), 405(h). The court’s review of an ALJ’s decision
is limited to a determination of whether the ALJ applied the correct legal standards and whether
the findings of the ALJ are supported by substantial evidence. Miller v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 811
F.3d 825, 833 (6th Cir. 2016) (quoting Blakley v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 581 F.3d 399, 405 (6th
Cir. 2009)). The substantial evidence standard is met if a “reasonable mind might accept the
relevant evidence as adequate to support a conclusion.” Warner v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 375 F.3d
387, 390 (6th Cir. 2004) (internal citations omitted). “The substantial evidence standard . . .
presupposes that there is a zone of choice within which the decision makers can go either way,
without interference by the courts.” Blakley v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 581 F.3d 399, 406 (6th Cir.
2009) (quoting Mullen v. Bowen, 800 F.2d 535, 545 (6th Cir. 1986)). “Therefore, if substantial
evidence supports an ALJ’s decision, the court defers to that finding, ‘even if there is substantial
evidence in the record that would have supported an opposite conclusion.’” Id. (quoting Key v.
Callahan, 109 F.3d 270, 273 (6th Cir. 1997)).
The plaintiff’s specific objections to the R&R are as follows:
The magistrate judge erroneously concluded that the ALJ gave good reasons for
discounting the opinion of the treating physician, and the magistrate judge improperly supplied
post hoc reasoning in support of the ALJ’s decision.
The magistrate judge erred in finding that the ALJ’s evaluation of impairment
severity is supported by substantial evidence.
The magistrate judge erred in finding that substantial evidence supports the ALJ’s
The magistrate judge incorporated a very detailed summary of the plaintiff’s medical
history into the R&R, which the court adopts and incorporates herein in its entirety.
The Weight Accorded the Treating Physician’s Opinion
“The Commissioner has elected to impose certain standards on the treatment of medical
source evidence.” Gayheart v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 710 F.3d 365, 375 (6th Cir. 2013) (quoting
Cole v. Astrue, 661 F.3d 931, 937 (6th Cir. 2011)). Medical opinions are to be weighed by the
process set forth in 20 C.F.R. § 404.1527(c). Generally, a treating-source opinion must be given
“controlling weight” if two conditions are met: (1) the opinion “is well-supported by medically
acceptable clinical and laboratory diagnostic techniques”; and (2) the opinion “is not inconsistent
with the other substantial evidence in [the] case record.” 20 C.F.R. § 404.1527(c)(2). If the ALJ
finds, based on these criteria, that a treating-source opinion is not entitled to controlling weight,
then the ALJ must weigh the opinion based on the length, frequency, nature, and extent of the
treatment relationship, id., as well as the treating source’s area of specialty and the degree to
which the opinion is consistent with the record as a whole and is supported by relevant evidence,
id. § 404.1527(c)(2)–(6). Even if the treating physician’s opinion is not given controlling weight,
“there remains a presumption, albeit a rebuttable one, that the opinion of a treating physician is
entitled to great deference.” Hensley v. Astrue, 573 F.3d 263, 266 (6th Cir. 2009) (quoting
Rogers v. Comm’r of Social Sec., 486 F.3d 234, 242 (6th Cir. 2007)).
If the treating source’s opinion is not given controlling weight, the ALJ must give “good
reasons” for discounting the weight given. 20 C.F.R. § 404.1527(c)(2). These reasons must be
“supported by the evidence in the case record, and must be sufficiently specific to make clear to
any subsequent reviewers the weight the adjudicator gave to the treating source’s medical
opinion and the reasons for that weight.” Soc. Sec. Rul. No. 96–2p, 1996 WL 374188, at *5
(Soc. Sec. Admin. July 2, 1996). This procedural requirement “ensures that the ALJ applies the
treating physician rule and permits meaningful review of the ALJ’s application of the rule.”
Wilson v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 378 F.3d 541, 544 (6th Cir. 2004). Because the reason-giving
requirement exists to “ensur[e] that each denied claimant receives fair process,” the Sixth Circuit
has repeatedly held that an ALJ’s “failure to follow the procedural requirement of identifying the
reasons for discounting the opinions and for explaining precisely how those reasons affected the
weight” given “denotes a lack of substantial evidence, even where the conclusion of the ALJ
may be justified based upon the record.” Blakley, 581 F.3d at 407 (quoting Rogers, 486 F.3d at
In this case, the treating psychiatrist, Dr. Shabeer Abubucker, opined that the plaintiff
met the requirements of a listed impairment and also provided an assessment of his residual
functional capacity. The ALJ considered both, at length. First, regarding the listing requirements,
the ALJ stated as follows:
The undersigned acknowledges the claimant’s mental health provider, Dr.
Abubucker, provided an opinion, indicating that the claimant met the
requirements described in listings 12.04 and 12.06. The undersigned can accord
little weight to these opinions. Dr. Abubucker opined the claimant had a
diagnosed depressive syndrome with anhedonia, sleep disturbance, psychomotor
agitation, decreased energy, feelings of guilt, difficulty concentrating and
thoughts of suicide. He further opined the claimant had a manic syndrome
characterized by hyperactivity, pressures of speech, flight of ideas, inflated selfesteem, decreased need for sleep, and easy distractability. Dr. Abubucker also
opined the claimant had an anxiety disorder accompanied by motor tension,
apprehensive expectation, and vigilance. He noted periods of frequent panic
attacks. He found the claimant to be markedly limited in social functioning,
extremely limited in concentration abilities, and with four or more episodes of
decompensation. Finally, he opined the claimant’s symptoms result in a complete
inability to function independently outside the home. (Exhibit 10F). The
undersigned finds that these opinions are inconsistent with the rather benign
medical treatment records, existing [sic] of monthly individual therapy and lowdose anti-depressant medications. Furthermore, Dr. Abubucker goes into detail to
describe that the claimant has “periods” in which he had great limitation in mental
functioning, and that these limitations are not on a regular and continuing basis.
Finally, even though Dr. Abubucker opined the claimant would be unable to
function independently outside of the home, the undersigned notes the claimant
lives alone, cares for his household chores, grocery shops, and manages his
medications with little or no assistance. For reasons discussed above, the
claimant’s symptoms fail to meet the requirements described in listings 12.02,
12.04, 12.06, 12.07, and 12.08.
In assessing Dr. Abubucker’s opinion regarding the plaintiff’s residual functional
capacity, the ALJ stated as follows.
Little weight can be accorded to the opinion of the claimant’s treating mental
health provider, Shabeer Abubucker, MD. Dr. Abubucker completed both a
medical source statement as well as an opinion regarding the claimant’s
symptomology as it would related [sic] to the relevant listings described in 12.00.
Dr. Abubucker’s opinion regarding the claimant meeting the listings of 12.00 is
discussed above. However, the undersigned has additionally weighed Dr.
Abubucker’s opinion regarding work related limitations. Dr. Abubucker opined
the claimant would be moderately limited in his ability to remember locations and
work-like procedures; markedly limited in remembering and understanding
detailed instructions; moderately limited in carrying out short and simple
instructions; markedly limited in carrying out detailed instructions; markedly
limited in all activities requiring sustained concentration and persistence;
markedly limited in his ability to interact with others including coworkers,
supervisors, and the general public; moderately limited in maintaining socially
appropriate behavior; markedly limited in responding to changes in the
workplace; and markedly limited in his ability to set realistic goals. Dr.
Abubucker further noted that the claimant would not be able to properly manage
his funds and pay his bills in a timely manner. (Exhibit 9F).
The extreme limitations opined by Dr. Abubucker are simply not supported by the
medical evidence of record, or by the claimant’s testimony regarding his daily
activities. Though Dr. Abubucker opined the claimant would be markedly limited
in all tasks requiring concentration, the undersigned notes that the claimant spends
many hours each day performing tasks on the internet including maintaining a
blog. There is also notation [sic] that the claimant was working to produce a video
about his symptoms. It is reasonable that these tasks would take at least a
moderate degree of concentration. Furthermore, the claimant can operate a motor
vehicle and attends church, where he takes notes of the sermons on his computer.
(Exhibit 7F). These tasks are inconsistent with someone who would be markedly
limited in the performance of tasks requiring concentration. The undersigned also
notes that Dr. Abubucker’s opinion that the claimant would be markedly limited
in interacting with others is also unsupported by the claimant’s own statements.
The claimant testified that he is able to shop in stores and attends church at least
twice a month. He also reported attending a men’s group through his church.
(Exhibit 7F). Until recently, the claimant lived in a house with several roommates.
Again, these tasks seem to be inconsistent with someone who is markedly limited
in his ability to interact with others. As noted above, the claimant has received
regular monthly therapy and medication appointment[s]; however, there have
been no instances of inpatient treatment, partial hospitalization, or crisis
intervention. These extreme limitations are simply not supported by the evidence
The plaintiff argues that the ALJ’s decision to accord little weight to his treating
physician’s opinions is not supported by good reasons and that the magistrate judge erred in
concluding to the contrary and in supplying post hoc reasoning to support that conclusion. The
court has reviewed de novo the ALJ’s opinion and the underlying medical record and finds, as
did the magistrate judge, that the ALJ gave good reasons for rejecting the treating physician’s
opinion—namely that Dr. Abubucker’s opinion was not fully consistent with his own treatment
notes or with the plaintiff’s own statements and testimony about his daily activities, which the
R&R summarizes comprehensively. The ALJ also went through the listing factors, pointing to
specific evidence in the record in support of her conclusions that the plaintiff had no restrictions
in the activities of daily living and only moderate, rather than marked, restrictions in the areas of
social functioning and maintaining concentration, persistence, and pace. (AR 29.) She further
noted, contrary to Dr. Abubucker’s contention, that the record reflected only one episode of
decompensation in the recent past, not multiple episodes. (AR 30.)
Although the ALJ did not expressly reference the length, frequency, nature, and extent of
Dr. Abubucker’s treatment relationship, the detailed nature of her summary of the medical record
reflects that she was aware that Dr. Abubucker was the treating psychiatrist and that he had a
significant treatment relationship with the plaintiff. Moreover, the ALJ clearly considered the
extent to which Dr. Abubucker’s opinions were consistent with the record as a whole and
whether they were supported by relevant evidence. The ALJ satisfied the requirement that she
give good reasons for according little weight to Dr. Abubucker’s assessment of whether the
plaintiff met a listed mental impairment. Further, the ALJ’s reasons are “supported by the
evidence in the case record, and [are] sufficiently specific to make clear to any subsequent
reviewers the weight the adjudicator gave to the treating source’s medical opinion and the
reasons for that weight.” Soc. Sec. Rul. No. 96–2p, 1996 WL 374188, at *5.
The plaintiff is not entitled to relief on the basis of this claim.
The Evaluation of Impairment Severity
The plaintiff argues, as he did in his Motion for Judgment on the Administrative Record,
that the ALJ erred in finding that the plaintiff’s ulcerative colitis was a non-severe impairment
and that the magistrate judge erred in his consideration of this claim.
The ALJ found that the plaintiff suffered from numerous severe impairments at step two
of the disability evaluation. As the magistrate judge correctly noted, whether the plaintiff has
additional severe impairments is “legally irrelevant,” because the finding of at least one severe
impairment required the ALJ to consider all of the plaintiff’s impairments—severe and nonsevere—in the remaining steps. Kepke v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 636 F. App’x 625, 634 (6th Cir.
2016). Moreover, upon review of the record as a whole, the court agrees with the magistrate
judge’s conclusion that the ALJ’s assessment of the plaintiff’s ulcerative colitis is well reasoned
and supported by substantial evidence. This assignment of error is without merit.
The ALJ’s Credibility Determination
Finally, the plaintiff argues that the magistrate judge erred in concluding that the ALJ’s
credibility finding was supported by substantial evidence in the record. Specifically, he
complains that the ALJ’s reasons for finding him not fully credible were based on “isolated
instances of things the Plaintiff can supposedly do despite his disability” that were “taken out of
context” and “exaggerated.” (Doc. No. 21, at 4.)
The ALJ’s credibility evaluation must be supported by specific reasons that are grounded
in evidence. SSR 96-7p, 1996 WL 374186, at *4 (S.S.A. July 2, 1996). So long as the ALJ’s
credibility decision is supported by substantial evidence, it must “be given great weight,
‘particularly since the ALJ is charged with observing the claimant’s demeanor and credibility.’”
Cruse v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 502 F.3d 532, 542 (6th Cir. 2007) (quoting Walters v. Comm’r of
Soc. Sec., 127 F.3d 525, 531 (6th Cir. 1997)). Here, the ALJ found the claimant to be a “sincere
witness” and that his description of his symptoms and daily activities was generally careful and
accurate, but she nonetheless also found that the plaintiff’s own testimony failed to support his
allegations of disability. Specifically, he testified that he was able to spend up to eight hours per
day on the internet, that he lived alone and was able to care for his personal needs without
assistance, that he could shop, attend church, participate in a men’s group, maintain a few close
friendships, and drive his car. She therefore found that the functional limitations he alleged were
“not entirely credible.” (AR 38.)
Again, upon de novo review of the record as a whole, the court finds that the ALJ’s
credibility determination is adequately explained and supported by substantial evidence in the
For the foregoing reasons, the court will overrule plaintiff’s Objections (Doc. No. 21);
accept and adopt the magistrate judge’s R&R (Doc. No. 20); deny the plaintiff’s Motion for
Judgment on the Pleadings and Administrative Record (Doc. No. 13); and affirm the SSA’s
decision. An appropriate order is filed herewith.
Enter this 8th day of August 2017.
ALETA A. TRAUGER
United States District Judge
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