Hodge v. Corrections Corporation of America et al
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION: The undersigned Magistrate Judge RECOMMENDS that Plaintiff's motion for a preliminary injunction (Docket Entry No. 56) be DENIED. Signed by Magistrate Judge Barbara D. Holmes on 2/6/2017. (xc:Pro se party by regular and certified mail.)(DOCKET TEXT SUMMARY ONLY-ATTORNEYS MUST OPEN THE PDF AND READ THE ORDER.)(eh)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
MIDDLE DISTRICT OF TENNESSEE
MAXWELL M. HODGE, III
CORRECTIONS CORPORATION OF
AMERICA, et al.
TO: Honorable Aleta A. Trauger, District Judge
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
By Order entered September 15, 2016 (Docket Entry No. 3), the Court referred this pro se
and in forma pauperis prisoner civil rights action to the Magistrate Judge for pretrial proceedings
under 28 U.S.C. §§ 636(b)(1)(A) and (B), Rule 72(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, and
the Local Rules of Court.
Maxwell M. Hodge, III (“Plaintiff”) is an inmate confined at the Trousdale Turner
Correctional Center (“TTCC”) in Hartsville, Tennessee. He sues Defendants under 42 U.S.C. § 1983
alleging that his constitutional rights are being violated at the TTCC. Specifically, he alleges that he
should not be housed at the TTCC, that TTCC staff are retaliating against him because of prison
grievances that he files, that medical staff have either not given him his prescribed medications or
given the medications to him in an untimely matter, that he has been wrongly housed in “lock down,”
and that he has endured poor living conditions. See Complaint (Docket Entry No. 1) at 6-8. The
five Defendants have answered the complaint and a scheduling order has been entered.
Presently pending is a motion filed by Plaintiff in which he requests preliminary injunctive
relief related to his confinement at the TTCC. See Docket Entry No. 56.1 He complains that it was
Plaintiff also filed two previous motions for injunctions (Docket Nos. 46 and 47), which were
addressed in a separate Report and Recommendation made to the Honorable Aleta A. Trauger, District
extremely cold in the inmate cells at the TTCC from January 5-8, 2017 and that prison officials did
nothing to remedy the issue. He requests the Court enter an order directing prison officials to turn
on the heat and fix the exhaust vents and an order for a federal liaison to be appointed. Defendants
have filed a response in opposition to the motions, essentially disputing the allegations of extreme
conditions made by Plaintiff. See Docket Entry Nos. 61 and 62.
Plaintiff’s motion should be denied. Preliminary injunctions are governed by Rule 65(a) of
the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and are considered preventive, prohibitory, or protective
measures taken pending resolution on the merits. See Clemons v. Board of Educ., 228 F.2d 853, 856
(6th Cir. 1956). Preliminary injunctions are considered extraordinary relief. Detroit Newspaper
Publishers Ass’n v. Detroit Typographical Union No. 18, Int’l Typographical Union, 471 F.2d 872,
876 (6th Cir. 1972). Plaintiff, as the moving party, has the burden of proving that the circumstances
“clearly demand” a preliminary injunction. Overstreet v. Lexington–Fayette Urban Cnty. Gov't, 305
F.3d 566, 573 (6th Cir. 2002). However, Plaintiff has not supported his motion with any type of
affirmative evidence and has not met this burden.
Further, Plaintiff has not shown that any factors weigh in favor of his requests for a
preliminary injunction. See Granny Goose Foods, Inc. v. Teamsters, 415 U.S. 423, 441, 94 S.Ct.
1113, 39 L.Ed.2d 435 (1974). McNeilly v. Land, 684 F.3d 611, 615 (6th Cir. 2012); Leary v.
Daeschner, 228 F.3d. 729, 736 (6th Cir. 2000); Six Clinics Holding Corp., II v. CAFCOMP Systems,
119 F.3d 393, 401 (6th Cir. 1997) Parker v. U.S. Dep’t of Agric. 879 F.2d. 1362, 1367 (6th Cir.
1989); Mason Cnty Med. Assocs. v. Knebel, 563 F.2d 256, 261 (6th Cir. 1977). At this stage of the
proceedings, Plaintiff's likelihood of success on his claims is no greater than that of Defendants.
Judge, on January 25, 2017 (Docket No. 59).
Plaintiff has also not shown that he will suffer irreparable harm if the injunctive relief he requests is
not granted and has not shown that a public interest would be advanced by the requested relief. See
National Hockey League Players Ass'n v. Plymouth Whalers Hockey Club, 372 F.3d 712, 720 n.4
(6th Cir. 2003). Absent extraordinary and urgently compelling reasons, the Court will not intervene
in matters such as the day-to-day operations in a correctional facility. Although Plaintiff makes
complaints about issues that are not insignificant, he simply has not shown extraordinary and urgently
compelling reasons justifying the relief he seeks.
Based on the foregoing, the undersigned Magistrate Judge RECOMMENDS that Plaintiff’s
motion for a preliminary injunction (Docket Entry No. 56) be DENIED.
ANY OBJECTIONS to this Report and Recommendation must be filed with the Clerk of
Court within fourteen (14) days of service of this Report and Recommendation and must state with
particularity the specific portions of this Report and Recommendation to which objection is made.
Failure to file written objections within the specified time can be deemed a waiver of the right to
appeal the District Court's Order regarding the Report and Recommendation. See Thomas v. Arn,
474 U.S. 140, 106 S.Ct. 466, 88 L.Ed.2d 435 (1985); United States v. Walters, 638 F.2d 947 (6th Cir.
BARBARA D. HOLMES
United States Magistrate Judge
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