Glover v. Commissioner of Social Security
ORDER AFFIRMING THE DECISION OF THE COMMISSIONER. Signed by Chief Judge S. Thomas Anderson on 9/1/17. (Anderson, S. Thomas)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF TENNESSEE
ROBIN ELAINE GLOVER,
MICHAEL J. ASTRUE,
Case No: 1:14-CV-1187-STA-egb
ORDER AFFIRMING THE DECISION OF THE COMMISSIONER
Plaintiff Robin Elaine Glover filed this action to obtain judicial review of Defendant
Commissioner’s final decision denying her application for disability insurance benefits under
Title II of the Social Security Act (“the Act”) and an application for supplemental security
income (“SSI”) benefits based on disability under Title XVI of the Act. Plaintiff’s applications
were denied initially and again upon reconsideration by the Social Security Administration.
Plaintiff then requested a hearing before an administrative law judge (“ALJ”), which was held on
February 13, 2013. On April 8, 2013, the ALJ issued a decision, finding that Plaintiff was not
entitled to benefits. The Appeals Council denied Plaintiff’s request for review, and, thus, the
decision of the ALJ became the Commissioner’s final decision. For the reasons set forth below,
the decision of the Commissioner is AFFIRMED.
Under 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), a claimant may obtain judicial review of any final decision
made by the Commissioner after a hearing to which he was a party. “The court shall have the
power to enter, upon the pleadings and transcript of the record, a judgment affirming, modifying,
or reversing the decision of the Commissioner of Social Security, with or without remanding the
cause for a rehearing.”1 The court’s review is limited to determining whether there is substantial
evidence to support the Commissioner’s decision, and whether the correct legal standards were
Substantial evidence is “such relevant evidence as a reasonable mind might accept as
adequate to support a conclusion.”3 It is “more than a mere scintilla of evidence, but less than
preponderance.”4 The Commissioner, not the Court, is charged with the duty to weigh the
evidence, to make credibility determinations and resolve material conflicts in the testimony, and
to decide a case accordingly.5
When substantial evidence supports the Commissioner’s
determination, it is conclusive, even if substantial evidence also supports the opposite
Plaintiff was born on March 3, 1964, and alleges that she became disabled on November
15, 2010. In her disability report, Plaintiff alleged disability due to depression, anxiety,
42 U.S.C. § 405(g)
Key v. Callahan, 109 F.3d 270, 273 (6th Cir. 1997). See also Landsaw v. Sec’y of Health &
Human Servs., 803 F.2d 211, 213 (6th Cir. 1986).
Buxton v. Halter, 246 F.3d 762, 772 (6th Cir. 2001) (quoting Richardson v. Perales, 402 U.S.
Bell v. Comm'r of Soc. Sec., 105 F.3d 244, 245 (6th Cir. 1996) (citing Consolidated Edison
Co. v. NLRB, 305 U.S. 197, 229 (1938)).
Walters v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 127 F.3d 525, 528 (6th Cir. 1997); Crum v. Sullivan, 921 F.2d
642, 644 (6th Cir. 1990); Garner v. Heckler, 745 F.2d 383, 387 (6th Cir. 1984).
Warner v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 375 F.3d 387, 390 (6th Cir. 2004); Foster v. Halter, 279 F.3d
348, 353 (6th Cir. 2001); Mullen v. Bowen, 800 F.2d 535, 545 (6th Cir. 1986).
degenerative disc disease, and migraines. She attended college and business school for a year.
She previously worked at a truck stop and as a custodian.
The ALJ enumerated the following findings: (1) Plaintiff met the insured status
requirements of the Act through December 31, 2014; (2) Plaintiff has not engaged in substantial
gainful activity since the alleged onset date; (3) Plaintiff has the following severe impairments:
multiple joint pain, including back, shoulder, hips, and leg pain, hypertension, migraine
headaches, major depression, generalized anxiety, panic disorder, and post-traumatic stress
disorder (“PTSD”); but she does not have an impairment or combination of impairments that
meets or medically equals the severity of one of the listed impairments in 20 C.F.R. pt. 404
subpt. P, app. 1 of the listing of impairments; (4) Plaintiff retains the residual functional capacity
to perform light work with certain limitations; she should never climb ladders, ropes, and
scaffolds; she can occasionally climb ramps and stairs, balance, stoop, kneel, crouch, and crawl
but cannot work around hazards; she can perform only simple job tasks and is limited to
occasional public contact; (5) Plaintiff is capable of performing her past relevant work; and (6)
Plaintiff has not been under a disability, as defined in the Social Security Act, from April 3,
2006, through the date of the ALJ’s decision.7
The Social Security Act defines disability as the inability to engage in substantial gainful
activity.8 The claimant bears the ultimate burden of establishing entitlement to benefits.9 The
initial burden of going forward is on the claimant to show that he or she is disabled from
engaging in his or her former employment; the burden of going forward then shifts to the
R. 14 – 20.
42 U.S.C. § 423(d)(1).
Born v. Sec’y of Health & Human Servs, 923 F.2d 1168, 1173 (6th Cir. 1990).
Commissioner to demonstrate the existence of available employment compatible with the
claimant’s disability and background.10
The Commissioner conducts the following, five-step analysis to determine if an
individual is disabled within the meaning of the Act:
1. An individual who is engaging in substantial gainful activity will not be found to be
disabled regardless of medical findings.
2. An individual who does not have a severe impairment will not be found to be disabled.
3. A finding of disability will be made without consideration of vocational factors, if an
individual is not working and is suffering from a severe impairment which meets the duration
requirement and which meets or equals a listed impairment in Appendix 1 to Subpart P of the
4. An individual who can perform work that she has done in the past will not be found to
5. If an individual cannot perform his or her past work, other factors including age,
education, past work experience and residual functional capacity must be considered to
determine if other work can be performed.11
Further review is not necessary if it is determined that an individual is not disabled at any
point in this sequential analysis.12 Here, the sequential analysis proceeded to the fourth step.
The ALJ found that Plaintiff could perform her past relevant work as a custodian and, therefore,
was not disabled within the meaning of the Act. Alternatively, the ALJ found that there were
other jobs that existed in significant numbers in the national economy that Plaintiff could
Willbanks v. Sec’y of Health & Human Servs, 847 F.2d 301 (6th Cir. 1988).
20 C.F.R. § 404.1520(a).
Plaintiff complains of the weight given to the medical opinions in the record, specifically
the opinion of her treating medical provider, Nurse Practitioner Jennifer Autry. Plaintiff asserts
that the ALJ erred by failing to evaluate the mental residual functional capacity assessment
completed by NP Autry. Plaintiff also complains of the ALJ’s credibility assessment. Plaintiff’s
arguments are not persuasive.
At step four of the sequential analysis, the ALJ compares the claimant’s residual
functional capacity with the requirements of the claimant’s past work.13 Past relevant work is,
generally, a job that was performed within the last fifteen years, performed long enough to learn
how to perform the job, and was substantial gainful activity.14 If the past job did not require the
claimant to perform activities in excess of the claimant’s residual functional capacity, the
claimant will be found not disabled.15 A claimant must prove that she is unable to return to her
past relevant work either as she performed that work or as that work is generally performed in
the national economy.16 In the present case, Plaintiff has failed to carry her burden of proof.
Medical opinions are to be weighed by the process set forth in 20 C.F.R. § 404.1527(c).
Generally, an opinion from a medical source who has examined a claimant is given more weight
than that from a source who has not performed an examination,17 and an opinion from a medical
source who regularly treats the claimant is afforded more weight than that from a source who has
20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(e), 404.1560(b); see also Social Security Ruling 82-62, 1982 WL
31386, *3 (S.S.A.).
20 C.F.R. § 404.1565(a).
20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(e), 404.1560(b), 404.1561.
Bowen v. Yuckert, 482 U.S. 137, 146 n. 5 (1987).
20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1502, 404.1527(c)(1).
examined the claimant but does not have an ongoing treatment relationship.18 In other words,
“[t]he regulations provide progressively more rigorous tests for weighing opinions as the ties
between the source of the opinion and the individual become weaker.”19
Opinions from non-physician sources such as NP Autry are not assessed for “controlling
weight,” and SSR 06-3p does not mandate that an ALJ provide an explanation of the weight
given to opinions from such sources20 Instead, SSR 06-30 requires that an ALJ explain his
reasons only “when an adjudicator determines that an opinion from such a source is entitled to
greater weight than a medical opinion from a treating source.” In this case, the ALJ did not
determine that NP Autry was entitled to greater weight than a physician treating source. As
such, the ALJ was not required to explain his reasons for rejecting NP Autry’s findings.
However, the ALJ did, in fact, explain his weighing of NP Autry’s opinion. Although the
ALJ did not specifically refer to NP Autry’s medical source assessment, he referred to her
findings and found her opinion entitled to little weight. The ALJ specifically noted NP Autry’s
Id. §§ 404.1502, 404.1527(c)(2).
SSR 06-3p provides that:
Although there is a distinction between what an adjudicator must consider and
what the adjudicator must explain in the disability determination or decision, the
adjudicator generally should explain the weight given the opinions from these
“other sources,” or otherwise ensure that the discussion of the evidence in the
determination or decision allows a claimant or subsequent reviewer to follow the
adjudicator's reasoning, when such opinions may have an effect on the outcome of
the case. In addition, when an adjudicator determines that an opinion from such a
source is entitled to greater weight than a medical opinion from a treating source,
the adjudicator must explain the reasons in the notice of decision in hearing cases
and in the notice of determination (that is, in the personalized disability notice) at
the initial and reconsideration levels, if the determination is less than fully
global assessment of functioning (“GAF”) assessment for Plaintiff of forty-three which indicated
serious limitations but pointed out that this assessment was unsupported by the other evidence of
The ALJ also noted that NP Autry’s opinion that Plaintiff had serious cognitive
functional impairment was not supported by the record. For example, Alford Karyusuf, M.D., a
psychological consultative examiner, found that Plaintiff was oriented to time, place, and person,
reported no hallucinations or delusions, her intelligence was dull normal, and her affect was
appropriate; while she had diminished concentration and memory, her recall was impaired, and
her mood was mildly to moderately depressed, Plaintiff could still understand and follow simple
instructions.22 Russell Ludeke, Ph.D., and Ray M. Conroe, Ph.D., state agency psychological
consultants, reviewed the evidence and opined that Plaintiff was able to understand, remember,
and carry out simple tasks and handle infrequent superficial interaction with coworkers and the
public and the routine stresses of a work setting.23 The ALJ could properly determine that NP
Autry’s opinion was entitled to little weight because it was inconsistent with other evidence.24
Additionally, Plaintiff complains that the ALJ gave less weight to the opinions of Steven
Richards, M.D., and Dr. Richard Hadden, M.D., state agency consultants, regarding Plaintiff’s
physical limitations, while giving great weight to the opinions of Dr. Ludeke and Dr. Conroe
regarding Plaintiff’s cognitive limitations, even though all four were non-examining consultants.
The ALJ could properly give greater weight to the opinions of Dr. Ludeke and Dr. Conroe,
R. 83, 98-99.
See 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1513, 404.1527, 416.913, 416.927.
although they were also non-examining sources, as the ALJ found their opinions consistent with
the medical record as a whole which revealed that Plaintiff had difficulty with concentration and
relating to other people.25 Their opinions were also supported by the opinion of Dr. Karyusuf.
Plaintiff also contends that the ALJ erred by “selectively” relying on portions of Dr.
Karyusuf’s opinion when he failed to account for Dr. Karyusuf’s finding that Plaintiff have only
superficial contact with others. Despite Plaintiff’s contention, the ALJ did account for this
finding by limiting Plaintiff to occasional public contact only. Moreover, Plaintiff herself
reported that she had no problems getting along with family, friends, neighbors, and others and
also got along with authority figures, which further supports the ALJ’s finding.26
The Court finds that the ALJ’s weighing of the medical evidence was in accordance with
the regulations and is supported by substantial evidence.
Plaintiff argues that the ALJ’s credibility finding failed to comply with the agency’s
regulations and ruling for evaluating credibility. To the contrary, the ALJ sufficiently explained
his credibility finding consistent with SSR 96-7p by discussing what the medical evidence and
other evidence indicated as to the intensity, persistence, and limiting effects of Plaintiff’s
symptoms in contrast to her allegations of disabling symptoms.27 The ALJ found that Plaintiff’s
statements regarding the intensity, persistence, and limiting effects of her symptoms were not
See 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1527 and 416.927.
See Potter v. Colvin, 2013 WL 4857731, at *14-15 (E.D. Tenn. Sept. 11, 2013) (rejecting the
plaintiff’s argument that the ALJ erred in employing a “boilerplate” credibility finding).
A claimant’s credibility comes into question when her “complaints regarding symptoms,
or their intensity and persistence, are not supported by objective medical evidence.”28 To assess
credibility, the ALJ must consider “the entire case record,” including “any medical signs and lab
findings, the claimant’s own complaints of symptoms, any information provided by the treating
physicians and others, as well as any other relevant evidence contained in the record.”29 This
Court is required to “accord the ALJ’s determinations of credibility great weight and deference
particularly since the ALJ has the opportunity, which we do not, of observing a witness’s
demeanor while testifying.”30 However, the ALJ’s credibility finding “must find support in the
In the present case, Plaintiff failed to provide objective medical evidence confirming the
severity of her alleged symptoms, and the record as a whole does not indicate that her condition
was of disabling severity. On examination in November 2010, Plaintiff had no lumbar spine
tenderness, full range of motion, normal reflexes and motor function, no sensory loss in her legs
or feet, and negative straight leg raise testing bilaterally, and her mental condition was normal.32
On August 18, 2011, Plaintiff had pain and decreased range of motion in her left shoulder and a
mild reduction in motor strength; however x-rays of her shoulder were normal.33 Additionally,
Plaintiff complained of back pain and migraine headaches, but x-rays of her lumbar spine were
Rogers v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 486 F.3d 234, 247 (6th Cir. 2007).
Jones v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 336 F.3d 469, 476 (6th Cir. 2003) (citations omitted).
R. 329-30, 358.
normal and a CT scan of her head was also normal.34 Discounting credibility is appropriate
when an ALJ finds contradictions among the medical reports, claimant’s testimony, and other
The ALJ also found that Plaintiff's activities were not reflective of her alleged disabling
limitations.36 Plaintiff reported that she did her own laundry and washed dishes; she also
shopped for groceries and clothing, handled her finances, and scrapbooked. Although not
dispositive, a claimant’s activities may show that the claimant’s symptoms are not as limiting as
she alleged. 37
Plaintiff contends that her medications caused drowsiness. However, the ALJ properly
omitted additional restrictions in his residual functional capacity finding because the side effects
were not documented in the record.
Finally, Plaintiff argues that the ALJ erred by failing to include the moderate limitations
he found at step three of the sequential evaluation process as part of Plaintiff’s residual
functional capacity assessment and by failing to perform a function by function assessment of
Plaintiff’s non-exertional limitations. The paragraph “B” criteria is not a residual functional
capacity assessment. Instead, a residual functional capacity is assessed if it is determined that
R. 245, 507-08.
See Walters, 127 F.3d at 531.
See 20 C.F.R. § 416.929(c)(3)(i); SSR 96-7p; Walters, 127 F.3d at 532; Blacha v. Sec’y of
Health & Human Servs., 927 F.2d 228, 231 (6th Cir. 1990).
R. 230-32. See Keeton v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 2014 WL 5151626 *15 (6th Cir. 2014)
(finding that the ALJ properly considered Plaintiff’s ability to spend time with family and other
veterans, drive or walk to the local coffee shop, and assist with chores around the house, when
assessing the credibility of Plaintiff’s subjective complaints).
Plaintiff’s impairments do not meet or equal the requirements of any listed impairment.38 The
ALJ considers the same evidence considered at step three when making a residual functional
capacity finding, and that was done in this case. Contrary to Plaintiff’s assertions, the ALJ
accounted for Plaintiff’s moderate limitations in social functioning and concentration and found
that, due to her limitations, Plaintiff could perform only simple job tasks and was limited to
occasional public contact. SSR 96-8p requires only that the ALJ’s discussion describe how the
evidence supports the residual functional capacity assessment.
The ALJ properly considered the relevant evidence and resolved any conflicts in the
evidence, and substantial evidence supports his findings. Plaintiff has failed to meet her burden
of proving that her condition caused disabling limitations.39
In response to a hypothetical question that included Plaintiff’s age, education, work
experience, and the ALJ’s assessment of Plaintiff's residual functional capacity, the vocational
expert testified that Plaintiff could perform her past relevant work as a custodian.40
Alternatively, the vocational expert identified examples of other jobs that an individual with
Plaintiff’s limitations could perform, such as hand sorter or inspector, that exist in significant
numbers in the national economy.41 Plaintiff failed to prove that she had limitations other than
those in the residual functional capacity and hypothetical questions. Thus, the ALJ properly
relied on the vocational expert’s testimony.
See 20 C.F.R. § 416.920(a)(d)(3).
See 42 U.S.C. §§ 423(d)(5)(A), 1382(a)(3)(H)(i); 20 C.F.R. §§ 416.912(a), (c), 416.929(a).
Substantial evidence supports the ALJ’s determination that Plaintiff was not disabled, and
the decision of the Commissioner is AFFIRMED.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
s/ S. Thomas Anderson
S. THOMAS ANDERSON
CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Date: September 1, 2017.
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?