Brown v. Perry
ORDER DISMISSING § 2254 PETITION WITHOUT PREJUDICE, DENYING A CERTIFICATE OF APPEALABILITY, AND DENYING LEAVE TO APPEAL IN FORMA PAUPERIS. Signed by Chief Judge J. Daniel Breen on 2/17/17. (Breen, J.)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF TENNESSEE
RICKY FLAMINGO BROWN, SR.,
ORDER DISMISSING § 2254 PETITION WITHOUT PREJUDICE,
DENYING A CERTIFICATE OF APPEALABILITY,
DENYING LEAVE TO APPEAL IN FORMA PAUPERIS
On January 9, 2017, Petitioner, Ricky Flamingo Brown, Sr., an inmate currently confined
at the Riverbend Maximum Security Institution in Nashville, Tennessee, filed a habeas corpus
petition under 28 U.S.C. § 2254 and a supporting affidavit. (ECF Nos. 1 and 1-1.) For the
following reasons, the petition is DISMISSED without prejudice.
Petitioner states that he is challenging the “conditions of [his] confinement” while housed
at the Hardeman County Correctional Facility in Whitesville, Tennessee. (ECF No. 1 at 1.)
Consistent with that assertion, Brown’s affidavit describes allegedly unconstitutional conditions
in the prison relating to his placement in “maximum security administrative segregation,” (id. at
12), including black mold in his cell, cold food, unsanitary food service, and exposure to cold
temperatures. Because Brown challenges his conditions of confinement, his claims must “be
asserted in a civil rights action” under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Taylor v. Ives, Civil No. 11-256GFVT, 2012 WL 6506995, at *2 (E.D. Ky. Dec. 12, 2012) (habeas petitioner’s “[c]hallenge to
[his] security classification and place of confinement [were] ‘conditions of confinement’ claims
which [could] only be asserted in a civil rights action . . .”); Middlebrook v. Tenn., No. 07-2373,
2008 WL 2002521, at *10 (W.D. Tenn. May 6, 2008) (“exposure to extreme temperatures” and
problems with food are conditions of confinement).
Accordingly, dismissal of the present suit is proper. See Martin v. Overton, 391 F.3d
710, 714 (6th Cir. 2004) (the proper course is to deny the mislabeled habeas petition rather than
converting it to a civil rights action). The petition is DISMISSED without prejudice.
A § 2254 petitioner may not proceed on appeal unless a district or circuit judge issues a
certificate of appealability (“COA”). 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(1); FED. R. APP. P. 22(b)(1). There is
no question that Brown’s petition should be dismissed for the reason stated. Because any appeal
by Brown does not deserve attention, the Court DENIES a COA.
Pursuant to Federal Rule of Appellate Procedure 24(a), a party seeking pauper status on
appeal must first file a motion in the district court, along with a supporting affidavit. FED. R.
APP. P. 24(a). However, Rule 24(a) also provides that if the district court certifies that an appeal
would not be taken in good faith, the prisoner must file his motion to proceed in forma pauperis
in the appellate court. Id. In this case, for the same reason the Court denies a COA, the Court
CERTIFIES, pursuant to Rule 24(a), that any appeal in this matter would not be taken in good
faith. Leave to appeal in forma pauperis is therefore DENIED.
IT IS SO ORDERED this 17th day of February 2017.
s/ J. Daniel Breen________
CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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