Clifton v. Patrick et al
ORDER DENYING 30 MOTION TO DISMISS OF DEFENDANT PATRICK. Signed by Chief Judge S. Thomas Anderson on 6/27/17. (Anderson, S. Thomas)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF TENNESSEE
TERRY LEE CLIFTON,
BETTYE PATRICK, et al.,
ORDER DENYING MOTION TO DISMISS OF DEFENDANT PATRICK
Defendant Bettye Patrick has filed a motion to dismiss the claims brought against her in
this action filed by Plaintiff Terry Lee Clifton pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. (ECF No. 30.)
Plaintiff has filed a response to the motion. (ECF No. 37.) For the reasons set forth below,
Defendant’s motion is DENIED.
The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure require that a complaint contain a “short and plain
statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a)(2). A
complaint may be attacked for failure “to state a claim upon which relief can be granted.” Fed.
R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6). When considering a Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss, a Court will presume
that all the factual allegations in the complaint are true and will draw all reasonable inferences in
favor of the nonmoving party. Total Benefits Planning Agency v. Anthem Blue Cross & Blue
Shield, 552 F.3d 430, 434 (6th Cir. 2008) (citing Great Lakes Steel v. Deggendorf, 716 F.2d
1101, 1105 (6th Cir. 1983)).
“The court need not, however, accept unwarranted factual
inferences.” Id. (citing Morgan v. Church’s Fried Chicken, 829 F.2d 10, 12 (6th Cir. 1987)).
Even though a “complaint attacked by a Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss does not need
detailed factual allegations, a plaintiff’s obligation to provide the grounds of his entitlement to
relief requires more than labels and conclusions, and a formulaic recitation of the elements of a
cause of action will not do.” Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007) (citations
omitted). Instead, the plaintiff’s “[f]actual allegations must be enough to raise a right to relief
above the speculative level on the assumption that all the allegations in the complaint are true
(even if doubtful in fact).” Id. (citations omitted).
That is, a complaint must contain enough
facts “to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.” Id. at 570. A claim becomes
plausible “when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows the court to draw the reasonable
inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S.
662, 678 (2009) (citing Twombly, 550 U.S. at 556).
In the present case, the complaint contains enough facts “to state a claim to relief that is
plausible on its face.” Defendant Patrick’s motion states that she has no memory of “the case
with Mr. Clifton,” she has not been an employee with the Tennessee Board of Probation and
Parole since 2012, and she was “instructed by [her] former supervisors to file a report on Mr.
Terry Clifton.” (Mot., ECF No. 30.) As noted by Plaintiff, Defendant’s lack of memory is not
grounds to dismiss this lawsuit, and neither is the fact that she has not been employed with the
Board since 2012. She was employed by the Board when she issued Plaintiff’s parole violation
report in 2010, and that is the conduct on which Plaintiff’s claims for relief are based. Whether
or not Defendant was instructed by her supervisors to issue that report is also immaterial for
purposes of this Court’s analysis.
Accordingly, the motion to dismiss is DENIED.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
s/ S. Thomas Anderson
S. THOMAS ANDERSON
CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Date: June 27, 2017
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?