Taylor v. Technicolor USA, Inc. et al
ORDER ADOPTING DE 8 REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS signed by Judge John T. Fowlkes, Jr. on 1/20/17. (Fowlkes, J.)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF TENNESSEE
APRIL S. TAYLOR,
TECHNICOLOR USA, INC.,
EMPLOYBRIDGE HOLDINGS, CO., INC., )
d/b/a EMPLOYBRIDGE, and
ORDER ADOPTING THE MAGISTRATE JUDGE’S
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION FOR PARTIAL SUA SPONTE DISMISSAL
AND ORDER DIRECTING SERVICE OF PROCESS ON DEFENDANTS
On November 23, 2013, Plaintiff April S. Taylor, proceeding pro se, filed a complaint
against the Defendants alleging violations of the Americans with Disabilities Act, (“ADA”) and
retaliatory discrimination in employment under Title VII along with a motion to proceed in
forma pauperis. (ECF Nos. 1 & 2). On October 7, 2016, the matter was referred to the
Magistrate Judge pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915 (e)(2)(B) and L.R. 4.1(b)(2). On November 30,
2016, the Magistrate Judge entered an order granting Plaintiff leave to proceed in forma
pauperis. (ECF No. 7). On December 13, 2016, the Magistrate Judge issued a Report and
Recommendation, recommending partial sua sponte dismissal of Plaintiff’s retaliation claim and
for the Clerk to issue of service of process upon the Defendants regarding Plaintiff’s ADA claim.
(ECF No. 8). To date, Plaintiff has not filed any objections to the Magistrate Judge’s report and
recommendation pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b)(2).
II. LEGAL STANDARD
Congress passed 28 U.S.C. § 636(b) “to relieve some of the burden on the federal courts
by permitting the assignment of certain district court duties to magistrates.” See e.g. Baker v.
Peterson, 67 Fed. App’x. 308, 311, 2003 WL 21321184 (6th Cir. 2003) and Fed. R. Civ. P.
72(a). A United States District Judge may refer certain dispositive pretrial motions to a United
States Magistrate Judge for submission of proposed findings of fact and conclusions of law,
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and (C); Brown v. Wesley Quaker Maid, Inc., 771 F.2d
952, 957 (6th Cir. 1985). The District Court Judge may accept, reject, or modify in whole or in
part, the Magistrate Judge’s proposed findings and recommendations. While most actions by a
Magistrate Judge are reviewed for clear error, dispositive recommendations to the District Court
Judge are reviewed de novo. Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 141-42 (1985).
III. FACTUAL HISTORY
The Magistrate Judge’s report and recommendation offers proposed findings of fact to
which Plaintiff has not objected. (ECF No. 8, pp. 2-4). As such, the Court adopts the Magistrate
Judge’s proposed findings of fact as the factual summary of this case.
The Magistrate Judge examined Plaintiff’s complaint pursuant to the 28 U.S.C. § 1915
(e)(2) screening process to determine if the complaint raises any claims upon which relief may
be granted. Construing the complaint in a light most favorable to the Plaintiff and accepting all
factual allegations as true, the Magistrate Judge concluded that Taylor has sufficiently alleged
the essential elements of a disability discrimination claim because of her medically documented
disability of anxiety. (Id. at p. 8). However, based on Taylor’s failure to include her retaliation
claim in the EEOC charges, the Magistrate Judge determined that the Court is without subject
matter jurisdiction to hear that claim. Abeita v. TransAmerica Mailings, Inc., 159 F.3d 246, 254
(6th Cir. 1998). The Court agrees. Plaintiff’s EEOC Charges, only assert a claim of
discrimination in violation of the ADA. 1 In both charges, Plaintiff contends that she was
harassed and discriminated against because of her disability.
Finally, the Magistrate Judge declined to determine whether Plaintiff’s complaint
adequately stated claims against Employment Solutions or Employbridge despite Plaintiff’s
failure to specifically name either of them as employers in the EEOC charges. Instead, the
Magistrate Judge recommended that service go forward at this time allowing decisions regarding
the proper Defendants at a later time. The Court agrees.
Within the complaint, Plaintiff
adequately alleges a relationship among these entities and the EEOC charges list her disability
discrimination claim as a violation committed by her employers. (ECF No. 1, ¶¶ 3, 4 and 6). As
noted above, the Plaintiff has failed to submit any objections to the Magistrate Judge’s report and
recommendation pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b)(2).
Upon a de novo review of the pro se complaint, the EEOC Charges, and the Magistrate
Judge’s report and recommendation, the Court adopts the Magistrate Judge’s report and
recommendation and orders that Taylor’s claim of retaliation be dismissed sua sponte for failure
to exhaust her administrative remedies. See 42 U.S.C. § 2000e (1)-(5). However, Plaintiff’s
See Charge No. 490-2016-02379 against Technicolor and Charge No. 490-2016-02388 against Resource MFG.
(ECF Nos. 1-1 and 1-2).
claim for disability discrimination under the ADA, or 42 U.S.C. § 12112(a), should proceed
against all of the named Defendants. Accordingly, the Clerk of Court is directed to issue process
for Plaintiff April Taylor for the Defendants as follows: (1)Technicolor USA, Inc., 101 West
103rd Street, Indianapolis, Indiana 46290; (2) Employment Solutions Management, Inc., 1040
Crown Pointe Parkway, Suite 1040, Atlanta, Ga. 30338; (3) Employbridge Holdings Co., Inc.,
1040 Crown Pointe Parkway, Suite 1040, Atlanta, Ga. 30338; and (4) Resources MFG, 5215
Lamar Ave., Memphis, TN 38118 pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(h)(1).
Plaintiff April Taylor is also ordered to serve a copy of all of the documents filed in this
matter upon counsel for the Defendants, to make a certificate of service on every document filed,
to familiarize herself with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure as well as the Local Rules of this
Court 2 and to promptly notify the Clerk of any change in her mailing address or extended periods
of absences. Any failure to comply with these directives shall result in dismissal of this matter
without further notice.
IT IS SO ORDERED on this 20th day of January, 2017.
s/John T. Fowlkes, Jr.
JOHN T. FOWLKES, JR.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
A copy of the Court’s Local Rules are on the website at www.tnwd.uscourts.gov/pdf/content/LocalRules.pdf .
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