Clark v. Yokizawa et al
ORDER adopting Report and Recommendations re 6 Report and Recommendations; ORDER dismissing Case with Prejudice. Signed by Judge Jon Phipps McCalla on 8/8/2017. (McCalla, Jon)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF TENNESSEE
CONNIE D. CLARK,
YOICHI YOKIZAWA, MITSUBISHI
MOTORS, AL GOSSETT, and GOSSETT
ORDER ADOPTING THE REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION; ORDER
DISMISSING CASE WITH PREJUDICE
Before the Court is the Magistrate Judge’s Report and Recommendation, filed June 20,
2017. (ECF No. 6.) In the Report and Recommendation, the Magistrate Judge recommends
“that Clark’s complaint be dismissed for failure to state a claim.” (Id. at PageID 24.)
For the reasons stated below, the Court ADOPTS the Report and Recommendation and
DISMISSES WITH PREJUDICE Plaintiff’s Complaint for failure to state a claim upon which
relief may be granted.
This action involves claimed violations of civil rights under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. (See ECF
No. 1 at PageID 1.) In a Complaint filed on June 13, 2017, Connie D. Clark (“Plaintiff”), who is
proceeding pro se, asserts that Defendants discriminated against her based on race. (See ECF
No. 1 at PageID 2.) Plaintiff’s Complaint states that she seeks Defendants “to sell their cars and
provide good customer service to all their customers, Black as well as White.” (Compl. ¶ 4, ECF
No. 1.) Plaintiff attaches four letters she sent to Defendants, dating from June 16, 2016, to June
5, 2017. (ECF Nos. 1-1, 1-2, 1-3, 1-4.)
On June 13, 2017, Plaintiff moved to proceed in forma pauperis (ECF No. 2). The
Magistrate Judge filed a Report and Recommendation on June 20, 2017, recommending the case
be dismissed sua sponte for failure to state a claim. (Id.) Plaintiff timely filed her objection to
the Report and Recommendation (ECF No. 8.) See Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b)(2). Defendant has not
filed a response to Plaintiff’s objection.
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 72(b)(2) provides that “[w]ithin 14 days after being
served with a copy of the recommended disposition, a party may serve and file specific written
objections to the proposed findings and recommendations.” Fed R. Civ. P. 72(b)(2). “The
district judge must determine de novo any part of the magistrate judge’s disposition that has been
properly objected to.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b)(3).
The portions of the Report and Recommendation as to which no specific objections were
timely filed are reviewed for clear error. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b) advisory committee notes;
Howard v. Sec’y of Health and Human Servs., 932 F.2d 505, 509 (6th Cir. 1991) (noting that
when a party makes a general objection, “[t]he district court’s attention is not focused on any
specific issues for review, thereby making the initial reference to the magistrate useless.”). “A
general objection to the entirety of the magistrate’s report has the same effects as would a failure
to object.” Howard, 932 F.2d at 509. Moreover, the “failure to properly file objections
constitutes a waiver of appeal.” See Howard, 932 F.2d at 508 (citing United States v. Walters,
638 F.2d 947, 950 (6th Cir. 1981)).
In the Report and Recommendation, the Magistrate Judge found that Plaintiff failed to
state a claim upon which relief could be granted and her complaint should be dismissed sua
sponte. (ECF No. 6 at PageID 30.) The Magistrate Judge found that Plaintiff failed to allege
that any of the Defendants are state actors or were acting under the color of state law, which is
required under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. (Id. at PageID 29.) The Magistrate Judge further found that
Plaintiff failed to allege that she was deprived of a right guaranteed by the Constitution or laws
of the United States, nor did she properly allege that she is a member of a protected class. (Id. at
Plaintiff fails to make any specific objections to the Report and Recommendation, and
instead files a general objection. (ECF No. 8.) In her Objection, Plaintiff merely provides
additional facts regarding her claims. (Id.) Plaintiff complains that she was forced to pay for a
rental car, was not reimbursed properly, and Defendants refused to turn over transcripts of her
communications with customer service representatives. (ECF No. 8.) Because Plaintiff does not
make any specific objections to the proposed findings and recommendations in the Magistrate
Judge’s report, the Court reviews the Report and Recommendation for clear error. See Howard,
932 F.2d at 509.
Plaintiff’s cause of action arises pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983, which allows for a cause
of action where a plaintiff “was deprived of rights guaranteed under the United States
Constitution or federal law by a person acting ‘under color of state law.’” Haines v. Fed. Motor
Carrier Safety Admin., 814 F.3d 417, 429 (6th Cir. 2016) (quoting Strickland on Behalf of
Strickland v. Shalala, 123 F.3d 863, 866 (6th Cir. 1997)). In her Objection, Plaintiff does not
allege that any defendant was acting under color of state law, nor has she alleged that she was
deprived of a right secured by the Constitution of laws of the United States. In her Objection,
Plaintiff asserts that she is a member of a protected class (“I am a 66 year old Black woman”),
but she fails to address the other deficiencies in her Complaint. (ECF No. 8 at PageID 32.) As
such, Plaintiff does not state a claim pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983.
On clear-error review, the Court hereby ADOPTS the Report and Recommendation (ECF
No. 6) in its entirety. Accordingly, Plaintiff’s Complaint (ECF No. 1) is DISMISSED WITH
PREJUDICE for failure to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, pursuant to 28 U.S.C.
IT IS SO ORDERED, this 8th day of August, 2017.
/s/ Jon P. McCalla
JON P. McCALLA
U.S. DISTRICT COURT JUDGE
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