Gausnell v. Livingston et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION REGARDING VENUE. Plaintiff's claim against defendant Hanson should be severed and transferred to the Tyler Division of this court. An Order of Severance and Partial Transfer shall be entered in accordance with this Memorandum Opinion. Signed by Magistrate Judge Zack Hawthorn on 12/6/13. (mrp, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
BRAD LIVINGSTON, ET AL
CIVIL ACTION NO. 1:13cv693
MEMORANDUM OPINION REGARDING VENUE
Clayton Gausnell, an inmate confined in the Lewis Unit of the Texas Department of Criminal
Justice, Correctional Institutions Division, brings this civil rights action against several prison
officials, including Janice L. Hanson. Defendant Hanson is nurse practitioner at the Gurney Unit.
Plaintiff complains about the medical care provided by defendant Hanson while he was at the Gurney
The Civil Rights Act, 42 U.S.C. § 1981, et. seq., under which this case is brought, does not
contain a specific venue provision. Accordingly, venue is controlled by 28 U.S.C. § 1391. Jones
v. Bailey, 58 F.R.D. 453 (N.D. Ga. 1972), aff'd per curiam, 480 F.2d 805 (5th Cir. 1973).
When, as in this case, jurisdiction is not founded solely on diversity of citizenship, 28 U.S.C.
§ 1391 provides that venue is proper only in the judicial district where the defendants reside or in
which the claim arose.
The Gurney Unit is located in Anderson County. As the actions taken by defendant Hanson
were taken at the Gurney Unit, the claim against defendant Hanson arose in Anderson County.
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 124, Anderson County is located in the Eastern District of Texas. As a
result, venue is proper in this court.
However, while Anderson County is in the Eastern District of Texas, it is in the Tyler
Division, rather than the Beaumont Division. When a case is filed in the wrong division, the court
"shall dismiss, or if it be in the interests of justice, transfer such case to any district or division in
which it could have been brought." 28 U.S.C. § 1406(a). See Kreimerman v. Casa Veerkamp, S.A.
de C.V., 22 F.3d 634 (5th Cir. 1994) (remanding the case to the Houston Division of the United
States District Court for the Southern District of Texas, with instructions that the case be transferred
to the McAllen Division pursuant to Section 1406(a)).
Accordingly, plaintiff's claim against defendant Hanson should be severed and transferred
to the Tyler Division of this court. An Order of Severance and Partial Transfer shall be entered in
accordance with this Memorandum Opinion.
SIGNED this 6th day of December, 2013.
United States Magistrate Judge
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