Lott v. Roesler
ORDER overruling objections and adopting 2 Report and Recommendation. Signed by Judge Ron Clark on 6/3/15. (tkd, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
RHEASHAD LAMAR LOTT
CIVIL ACTION NO. 1:14cv299
ORDER OVERRULING OBJECTIONS AND ADOPTING
THE MAGISTRATE JUDGE’S REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
Petitioner Rheashad Lamar Lott, an inmate confined within the Texas Department of
Criminal Justice, Correctional Institutions Division, proceeding pro se, filed the above-styled
petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. Petitioner challenges a prison
The court previously referred this matter to the Honorable Zack Hawthorn, United States
Magistrate Judge, at Beaumont, Texas, for consideration pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636 and the
applicable orders of this Court. The Magistrate Judge has submitted a Report and
Recommendation of United States Magistrate Judge concerning this matter. The Magistrate
Judge recommends the petition be denied.
The court has received and considered the Report and Recommendation of United States
Magistrate Judge, along with the record and pleadings. Petitioner filed objections to the Report
and Recommendation. The court must therefore conduct a de novo review of the objections in
relation to the pleadings and the applicable law.
Inmates charged with a prison disciplinary offense are entitled to certain procedural
safeguards when the punishment imposed implicates a protected liberty interest. Sandin v.
Connor, 515 U.S. 472, 483-84 (1995). However, petitioner did lose previously earned good
conduct time credits as a result of the disciplinary conviction. As a result, the magistrate judge
concluded the punishment petitioner received did not implicate a protected liberty interest and
that he was therefore not entitled to any procedural safeguards.
In his objections, petitioner asserts he is not contending he was denied any procedural
safeguards. Instead, he contends there was insufficient evidence to support the conviction.
However, as the punishment petitioner received did not implicate a protected liberty interest, his
contention that there was insufficient evidence to support the conviction need not be considered.
Lineberry v. Federal Bureau of Prisons, 443 F. App’x 6, 7 (5th Cir. 2011) (citing Kentucky v.
Department of Corrections v. Thompson, 490 U.S. 454, 460-65 (1989)).
Moreover, there was sufficient evidence to support the conviction. Petitioner was
convicted of creating a disturbance. The offense report alleged that petitioner was hiding behind
a sheet while an officer was attempting to determine how many inmates were in the cell. The
offense report stated that petitioner’s action resulted in a significant disruption of operations
because the action caused the counting of the inmates to be delayed. Petitioner asserts that the
charge against him was not proven beyond a reasonable doubt. He states he was not hiding
behind a sheet and that when an officer came to the cell and asked how many people were in the
cell, he and his cellmate answered, “both.” He also states that at the disciplinary hearing, the
charging officer stated that he only glanced in the cell while counting inmates and never got a
good look. The officer stated that when he subsequently returned to the cell, he saw both
In order to withstand federal habeas review, there need only have been “some evidence”
to support a prison disciplinary conviction. Superintendent, Massachusetts Correctional
Instittuion v. Hill, 472 U.S. 445, 446 (1983). The result of a federal prison disciplinary
proceeding will be overturned in a federal habeas proceeding “only where there is no evidence
whatsoever to support the decision of the prison officials.” Reeves v. Pettcox, 19 F.3d 1060,
1062 (5th Cir. 1994). As a result, a prison disciplinary charge need not be proven beyond a
reasonable doubt. Further, the information contained in a written incident report, standing alone,
is sufficient to satisfy the “some evidence” standard. Hudson v. Johnson, 242 F.3d 534, 537 (5th
The offense report provided some evidence that when the charging officer originally
came by petitioner’s cell, petitioner was hiding behind a sheet, which prevented the officer from
being able to properly count the inmates in the cell. This forced the officer to make a second trip
to the cell, disrupting operations. While petitioner has put forth reasons why he should have
been found not guilty, weighing the evidence presented during a prison disciplinary hearing,
including the offense report, is left to the hearing officer and a federal habeas court does not
conduct an independent assessment of the evidence. Hill, 472 U.S. at 455-56.
Accordingly, petitioner’s objections are OVERRULED. The findings of fact and
conclusions of law of the Magistrate Judge are correct and the report of the Magistrate Judge is
ADOPTED as the opinion of the court. A final judgment shall be entered in accordance with the
recommendation of the Magistrate Judge.
In addition, the court is of the opinion petitioner is not entitled to a certificate of
appealability. An appeal from a judgment denying federal habeas relief may not proceed unless a
judge issues a certificate of appealability. See 28 U.S.C. § 2253. The standard for a certificate of
appealability requires the petitioner to make a substantial showing of the denial of a federal
constitutional right. See Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 483-84; Elizalde v. Dretke, 362 F.3d
323, 328 (5th Cir. 2004). To make a substantial showing, the petitioner need not demonstrate
that he would prevail on the merits. Rather, he must demonstrate that the issues are subject to
debate among jurists of reason, that a court could resolve the issues in a different manner, or that
the questions presented are worthy of encouragement to proceed further. See Slack, 529 U.S. at
483-84. Any doubt regarding whether to grant a certificate of appealability should be resolved in
favor of the petitioner, and the severity of the penalty may be considered in making this
determination. See Miller v. Johnson, 200 F.3d 274, 280-81 (5th Cir. 2000).
In this case, the petitioner has not shown that the issue of whether his challenge to his
disciplinary convictions may be pursued in a writ of habeas corpus is subject to debate among
jurists of reason. The factual and legal issues raised by petitioner have been consistently resolved
adversely to his position and the questions presented are not worthy of encouragement to proceed
further. As a result, a certificate of appealability shall not issue in this matter.
So ORDERED and SIGNED this 3 day of June, 2015.
Ron Clark, United States District Judge
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