Adams v. Director, TDCJ-CID

Filing 5

MEMORANDUM ORDER overruling petitioner's objections and adopting the magistrate judge's 2 Report and Recommendation. Accordingly, a certificate of appealability shall not be issued. Signed by Judge Thad Heartfield on 4/22/2016. (bjc, )

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IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS BEAUMONT DIVISION MARCOS DESHAWN ADAMS § VS. § DIRECTOR, TDCJ-CID § CIVIL ACTION NO. 1:14cv537 MEMORANDUM ORDER OVERRULING PETITIONER’S OBJECTIONS AND ADOPTING THE MAGISTRATE JUDGE’S REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION Petitioner Marcos DeShawn Adams, an inmate confined at the Stiles Unit of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice, Correctional Institutions Division, proceeding pro se, brought this petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. The court referred this matter to the Honorable Zack Hawthorn, United States Magistrate Judge, at Beaumont, Texas, for consideration pursuant to applicable laws and orders of this court. The Magistrate Judge recommends the petition be dismissed as barred by limitations. The court has received and considered the Report and Recommendation of United States Magistrate Judge filed pursuant to such order, along with the record, pleadings and all available evidence. Petitioner filed objections to the magistrate judge’s Report and Recommendation. The court conducted a de novo review of the objections in relation to the pleadings and the applicable law. See FED. R. CIV. P. 72(b). After careful consideration, the court concludes petitioner’s objections should be overruled. Petitioner’s petition for discretionary review was refused by the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals on March 7, 2012. See Adams v. State, Criminal Case Number 09-10-00447-CR, 2011 WL 4974157 (Tex. App. – Beaumont 2011). As the magistrate judge determined, petitioner’s conviction became final ninety days after his petition for discretionary review was refused. See Ries v. Quarterman, 522 F.3d 317, 522 n.1 (5th Cir. 2008) (“A state conviction becomes final when the time for direct review has expired, regardless of when the state court issues its mandate.”); Flores v. Quaterman, 467 F.3d 484, 485 (5th Cir. 2006); Roberts v. Cockrell, 319 F.3d 690, 694 (5th Cir. 1 2003). The petition is absent any allegations that exceptional circumstances existed such as to potentially warrant the application of equitable tolling. Accordingly, the petition is barred by limitations and should be dismissed. Furthermore, petitioner is not entitled to the issuance of a certificate of appealability. An appeal from a judgment denying federal habeas corpus relief may not proceed unless a judge issues a certificate of appealability. See 28 U.S.C. § 2253; FED. R. APP. P. 22(b). The standard for granting a certificate of appealability, like that for granting a certificate of probable cause to appeal under prior law, requires the movant to make a substantial showing of the denial of a federal constitutional right. See Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 483-84 (2000); Elizalde v. Dretke, 362 F.3d 323, 328 (5th Cir. 2004); see also Barefoot v. Estelle, 463 U.S. 880, 893 (1982). In making that substantial showing, the movant need not establish that he should prevail on the merits. Rather, he must demonstrate that the issues are subject to debate among jurists of reason, that a court could resolve the issues in a different manner, or that the questions presented are worthy of encouragement to proceed further. See Slack, 529 U.S. at 483-84. Any doubt regarding whether to grant a certificate of appealability is resolved in favor of the movant, and the severity of the penalty may be considered in making this determination. See Miller v. Johnson, 200 F.3d 274, 280-81 (5th Cir.), cert. denied, 531 U.S. 849 (2000). Here, petitioner has not shown that any of the issues raised by his claims are subject to debate among jurists of reason. The factual and legal questions advanced by petitioner are not novel and have been consistently resolved adversely to his position. In addition, the questions presented are not worthy of encouragement to proceed further. Therefore, petitioner has failed to make a sufficient showing to merit the issuance of a certificate of appealability. Accordingly, a certificate of appealability shall not be issued. ORDER Accordingly, petitioner’s objections are OVERRULED. The findings of fact and conclusions of law of the magistrate judge are correct and the report of the magistrate judge is 2 ADOPTED. A final judgment will be entered in this case in accordance with the magistrate judge’s recommendations. SIGNED this the 22 day of April, 2016. ____________________________ Thad Heartfield United States District Judge 3

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