PA Advisors, LLC v. Google Inc. et al
REPLY to Response to Motion re #295 MOTION for Protective Order Modification filed by Yahoo! Inc.. (White, Jason)
PA Advisors, LLC v. Google Inc. et al
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS MARSHALL DIVISION PA ADVISORS, LLC, Plaintiff, v. GOOGLE INC., et al. Defendants. ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) )
Civil Action No. 2-07-CV-480-DF
YAHOO! INC.'S REPLY TO THE MOTION TO MODIFY THE PROTECTIVE ORDER I. INTRODUCTION Plaintiff nXn Tech., LLC f/k/a PA Advisors, LLC's ("plaintiff") brief is largely dedicated to issues unrelated to this motion. Plaintiff primarily argues about how source code was produced by Defendant Yahoo! Inc. ("Yahoo") in this case. However, that is not the issue before the Court. Instead, the only issue that Yahoo respectfully asks this Court to address is how Yahoo's source code should be provided to plaintiff in paper form. Plaintiff's only arguments on this issue are (1) that security should not be an issue for Yahoo, and (2) that Yahoo's proposed modification results in an inefficient process. However, these arguments are misplaced. First, Yahoo's proposed minor modification results in an efficient process and, second, Yahoo's security concerns are legitimate and have been since the Protective Order was first entered in this case. II. PLAINTIFF'S RESPONSE DISCUSSES ISSUES IRRELEVANT TO THIS MOTION. As an initial matter, plaintiff's argument about how source code was produced in this case is not relevant to whether this Court should modify the Protective Order. Specifically, plaintiff spends the first five pages of its argument section discussing the negotiations regarding 1
and the actual productions of Yahoo's source code. (Pl. Resp. Br. 3-7.) This motion is not about how the parties negotiated discovery; however, it is about the procedure that the parties will follow to ensure that plaintiff obtains paper copies of Yahoo's source code. Thus, this Court does not need to consider any of these arguments (let alone plaintiff's strained allegations about Yahoo's production) to rule on this motion. Instead, the Court only needs to focus on the sole issue raised in Yahoo's motion: whether the risk of inadvertent disclosure and harm to Yahoo is important and whether the modified Protective Order impairs plaintiff's prosecution of its case. III. THE CURRENT PROTECTIVE ORDER LEAVES YAHOO'S CODE AT RISK OF INADVERTENT DISCLOSURE. A. Plaintiff has followed Yahoo's procedure until only recently.
In September 2008 the parties tried to negotiate a Protective Order. While many terms were agreed, the parties did not agree to the location of the source code review. Yahoo's primary concern was the security of its source code, thus it sought to have the source code review occur in Northern California, at or near its offices. Under these conditions, Yahoo would be able to largely supervise the review and printing process. This would avoid any risk of inadvertent disclosure. However, the current Protective Order requires the source code review to take place in Dallas, Texas. When it was appropriate for plaintiff to begin the source code review, Yahoo sent a letter to plaintiff stating that a source code review in Dallas with a printer would unnecessarily leave Yahoo's code at risk. (See Def. Op. Br. White Dec. Ex. 2) (September 24, 2009 Letter to Mr. Rafilson). Plaintiff responded by preserving its objections (Pl. R. Weiss Decl. Ex. H), 1 but then followed Yahoo's proposal of listing code and emailing it to Yahoo, who then printed the code and mailed it to plaintiff. However, when plaintiff recently
Plaintiff correctly states that it responded to defendant's September 2009 letter. Yahoo's opening brief was not suggesting that plaintiff did not write a letter; instead, it was making the point that the plaintiff's subsequent course of action was in compliance with Yahoo's proposal.
obtained new counsel, the printing issue arose again. Under new counsel, plaintiff decided to no longer follow this course of action. The parties attempted to negotiate a solution, which never occurred, thus Yahoo brought this motion to modify the Protective Order to safeguard its most confidential asset: its source code. B. Plaintiff has not challenged Yahoo's assertion that its source code is at risk of inadvertent disclosure.
Yahoo source code will be at risk if a port is left open and plaintiff's silence on this issue in their responsive brief suggests that it agrees. Instead of addressing this point, plaintiff offers several unaccommodating suggestions. (Pl. Resp. Br. 9-10.) Specifically, plaintiff suggests that Yahoo use a trusted courier/Yahoo employee to transport code or place security tape over the open port. The first suggestion implies that if the courier/employee is trusted, no code will ever be inadvertently made public. The second suggestion implies that if the code is made public, Yahoo will know about it as soon as someone notices the broken seal. However, these suggestions miss the point. If a port is open, regardless of whether the courier is trusted or if there is security tape over the port, there is still a risk that someone could disclose this information to a third party. There is only one way to ensure that code cannot be transferred through the port: allow Yahoo to close the port. In sum, not only has plaintiff's silence implicitly admitted that Yahoo's code is currently at risk, it has also offered no meaningful solutions to prevent the inadvertent disclosure of Yahoo's most important and confidential asset. IV. YAHOO'S PROPOSED MODIFICATION IS AN EFFICIENT PROCESS. Yahoo's modification will allow the plaintiff to receive paper copies of the source code in an efficient manner. Plaintiff complains that even if Yahoo's code is at risk, this Court should not modify the Protective Order because Yahoo's proposed process will be too inefficient. (Pl. R. Br. 7-8) This is not a logical argument. For example, under the current procedures, on day
one plaintiff would print code and ship it to Yahoo. Assuming that plaintiff chooses to pay for overnight early-morning delivery, on day two and three Yahoo would Bates label, copy, and review the source code to determine if it is "reasonably necessary to any case preparation activity." (Dkt. 231-2, (1)(c)(iii)(3) (Protective Order)). Yahoo would then ship the code back to plaintiff, who would not receive it until day four, at the very earliest. However, under Yahoo's proposed modification, an equally efficient process will occur. It is true that under the current provisions plaintiff may print code, while under the new provisions plaintiff will have to write down code instead of printing it. However, this modification is just as efficient, if not more efficient, because the plaintiff will not have to waste the time associated with shipping significant quantities of code to Yahoo. Instead, plaintiff will be able to email a list of code to Yahoo, who can immediately begin the process of preparing source code on paper. Finally, plaintiff fails to rebut Yahoo's argument that this modification will also ensure proper Bates labeling. Specifically, the current procedures divide the tasks of printing and Bates labeling between the parties. This is not ideal because this division will likely create unnecessary errors. When plaintiff prints only a portion of various routines, Yahoo will have to determine where each printed section of code came from so it can properly Bates label each section. This process is prone to errors because one entity will be printing and another entity will be Bates labeling. Yahoo's modification simplifies this procedure by putting the entire printing and Bates labeling task under Yahoo's control, all while retaining the efficiency of the process. Finally, by allowing Yahoo to control the printing and Bates labeling process, there will be certainty that every section of code that is printed will be Bates labeled.
CONCLUSION For the reasons stated herein, Yahoo's respectfully asks this Court to grant its Motion to
Modify the Protective Order.
Dated: November 13, 2009
Respectfully Submitted, /s/ Jason White Jason C. White HOWREY LLP 321 N. Clark, Suite 3400 Chicago, IL 60654 Tel: 312.595.1239 Fax: 312.595.2250 Email: email@example.com Michael Jones Potter Minton 110 N. College St., Suite 500 P. O. Box 359 Tyler, Texas 75710 Tel: (903) 597-8311 Fax: (903) 597-0846 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Attorneys for Defendant Yahoo! Inc.
CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE I certify that a copy of the foregoing document was served via CM/ECF on November 13, 2009 upon all counsel of record. /s/ Jason White Jason White
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