PA Advisors, LLC v. Google Inc. et al
RESPONSE in Opposition re #435 Fifth SEALED MOTION Defendants' Motion in Limine No. 5 filed by PA Advisors, LLC. (Wiley, Elizabeth)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS MARSHALL DIVISION PA ADVISORS, LLC, Plaintiff, v. GOOGLE INC., et al., Defendants. § § § § § § § § §
Civil Action No. 2:07-cv-480-RRR JURY TRIAL DEMANDED
nXn TECH, LLC'S RESPONSE TO DEFENDANTS' MOTION IN LIMINE NO. 5: MOTION TO PRECLUDE EVIDENCE AND ARGUMENT REGARDING CORPORATE RESIDENCY nXn Tech, LLC (f/k/a PA Advisors, LLC) ("nXn") respectfully files this response in opposition to Defendants' Motion in Limine No. Five ("Motion") seeking to avoid reference to corporate residence and, specifically, that nXn is a Texas company. Defendants' Motion (Dkt. No. 429) is without merit and should be denied. I. INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY OF ARGUMENT
Defendants object to Plaintiff's making reference at all to the fact it is a Texas company or the fact of either Defendant's corporate residence. The Defendants offer no motion in limine authority for this position because no authority justifies a prohibition of such basic information that simply identifies a party. None of Defendants' authorities are motion in limine or Rule 403 cases. They are cases that, at the appellate review phase, were decided on a complete record. Only on a complete record could those courts review the allegedly improper impact of cumulative prejudicial statements that, based on a complete record, demonstrated the jury's verdict was due to passion or prejudice. Nor do Defendants have any real argument under Rule 403 to exclude such references. Indeed, they cannot make such an argument because the 1
information is altogether too benign at this phase to justify finding undue prejudice by merely mentioning, for example, that the plaintiff is a Texas company. Because none of Defendants' cases support that the relief they seek is appropriate as a motion in limine--and none of them addresses this issue in terms of Rule 403 and the balancing of relevant evidence versus its prejudicial effect--there is no basis to support a motion in limine on this topic. II. ARGUMENT Although Defendants do not suggest or imply that any of the cases were done to foreclose such references, the fact that none of these cases forbade such evidence at the outset is telling. Generally, such a reference must be viewed against the record as a whole, and one comment, in isolation, will rarely cast a pall over the entire trial and undermine the integrity of the verdict. In Westbrook v. General Tire & Rubber Co., 754 F.2d 1233, 1238 (5th Cir.1985), for example, the Fifth Circuit noted the practice of the district court's function to instruct or admonish the jury on certain issues. Thus, in that case the court found "prejudicial arguments remained uncorrected and combined with other improper closing argument, "obviously bloated the damage award." Id. at 1238. Based on the entire trial record, and compared against the jury's verdict, a new trial was warranted. Similarly, in Hall v. Freese, 735 F.2d 956, 961 (5th Cir. 1984) the Fifth Circuit compared the entire record, including (i) no rebuttal expert testimony to challenge damages for the plaintiff's long-term and severe disability, (ii) the jury's very low damages award, and (iii) an improper remark. The improper remark, that the plaintiff was not from the area and was, by implication an outsider, would not by itself be untoward. But along with other "tactics," as well as unrebutted expert testimony of damages contrasted against a relatively negligible jury award, the record supported finding a new trial was warranted. Likewise in Cleveland v. Peter Kiewet
Sons, 624 F.2d 749 (6th Cir. 1980), the court held it was not necessary to "rely on any of the individual instances or types of impropriety"; instead, the comments deemed to be prejudicial "permeated the entire trial, from opening statement through closing argument, in "a continuing pattern of misconduct." Id. at 758 (emphasis added). Thus, there too, only on a complete record and comparing the cumulative effect of the allegedly improper statements to the jury's verdict could any impropriety be discerned. See also Johnson v. Parrish, 827 F.2d 988, 991 (4th Cir. 1987) (affirming district court's conclusion that jury's verdict was product of passion and prejudice even though appellate court "might disagree with the district court's conclusion" reviewing court could not find abuse of discretion by the district court). Lastly, Defendants invoke Rule 403 as an independent basis to foreclose reference to this corporate residence information without any analysis whatsoever. It is difficult, however,
particularly with the benign nature of the evidence and at the pre-trial phase, to envision any concern such as Defendants raise that "the introduction of such information could confuse the issues and prejudice the jury against Google and Yahoo." Motion at 3. Rule 403 by its terms favors admissibility over exclusion given its requirement that the relevance of the information must be "substantially outweighed" by the danger of prejudice.1 On that standard "a slight danger that the admission of such evidence will cause unfair prejudice is to be ignored."2 In this regard, Defendants resort to arguing no probative value to any issue in the case that nXn is a Texas company. In doing so Defendants reiterate an illogical theme that runs throughout their motions in limine: the only evidence they consider probative or relevant in an infringement case
Gross v. Black & Decker, 695 F.2d 858, 863 (5th Cir. 1983) ("Probative evidence will frequently be prejudicial to a party, but that does not mean that it will cause the factfinder to ground a decision on an emotional basis."...)).
is evidence that bears directly on infringement, validity, and enforceability.
scenario of a trial, however, is a trial "sanitized" and devoid of any real-life context for who the parties are and why they are there.3 principles.4 III. CONCLUSION For the above-stated reasons, nXn opposes Defendants' request to address this issue in terms of a motion in limine and requests that the Court deny Defendants' Motion in Limine Number 5. This is not the purpose of Rule 403's exclusionary
"Unless trials are to be conducted as scenarios, or unreal facts tailored and sanitized for the occasion" exclusion under Rule 403 must be kept to its limited and primary function: to exclude "matter of scant or cumulative probative force, dragged in by the heels for the sake of its prejudicial effect." Barrera v. E. I. Du Pont De Nemours and Co., 653 F.2d 915, 921 n.6 (5th Cir. 1981); United States v. Pace, 10 F.3d 1106, 1116 (5th Cir.1993) (same)
See id. 4
Dated: February 25, 2010 Andrew W. Spangler LEAD COUNSEL SPANGLER LAW P.C. 208 N. Green Street, Suite 300 Longview, Texas 75601 (903) 753-9300 (903) 553-0403 (fax) firstname.lastname@example.org David M. Pridham LAW OFFICE OF DAVID PRIDHAM 25 Linden Road Barrington, Rhode Island 02806 (401) 633-7247 (401) 633-7247 (fax) email@example.com John M. Bustamante Texas Bar No. 24040618 BUSTAMANTE, P.C. 54 Rainey Street, No. 721 Austin, Texas 78701 Tel. 512.940.3753 Fax. 512.551.3773 Email:jmb@BustamanteLegal.com Kip Glasscock Texas State Bar No. 08011000 KIP GLASSCOCK P.C. 550 Fannin, Suite 1350 Beaumont, TX 77701 Tel: (409) 833-8822 Fax: (409) 838-4666 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Respectfully submitted, By: /s/ Elizabeth A. Wiley_ Elizabeth A. Wiley Texas State Bar No. 00788666 THE WILEY FIRM PC P.O. Box. 303280 Austin, Texas 78703-3280 Telephone: (512) 560.3480 Facsimile: (512) 551.0028 Email: email@example.com Marc A. Fenster, CA Bar No. 181067 CA Bar No. 181067 firstname.lastname@example.org Andrew Weiss CA Bar No. 232974 email@example.com Adam Hoffman CA Bar No. 218740 firstname.lastname@example.org RUSS, AUGUST & KABAT 12424 Wilshire Blvd., 12th Floor Los Angeles, CA 90025 (310) 826-7474 (310) 826-6991 (fax) Patrick R. Anderson PATRICK R. ANDERSON PLLC 4225 Miller Rd, Bldg. B-9, Suite 358 Flint, MI 48507 (810) 275-0751 (248) 928-9239 (fax) email@example.com Debera W. Hepburn, Texas Bar No. 24049568 HEPBURN LAW FIRM PLLC P.O. Box 118218 Carrollton, TX 75011 Telephone: 214/403-4882 Facsimile: 888/205-8791 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE I certify that the foregoing Response to Defendants' Motion in Limine No. 5 was served via the Court's CM/ECF electronic filing system on this 25th day of February 2010. \s\ Elizabeth A. Wiley Elizabeth A. Wiley
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