Leonard v. United States of America
ORDER ADOPTING 6 REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS. Signed by Judge Robert W. Schroeder, III on 6/16/2017. (sm, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
RUSSELL DESHON LEONARD,
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
CIVIL ACTION NO. 2:16-CV-01347-RWS
ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
OF THE UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
Plaintiff Russell Deshon Leonard, proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis, filed the
above-styled and numbered civil rights lawsuit against the United States of America. The case
was referred to United States Magistrate Judge Roy S. Payne, who issued a Report and
Recommendation concluding that the lawsuit should be dismissed with prejudice. Plaintiff has
Standard of Review and Reviewability
The Court reviews objected-to portions of the Magistrate Judge’s Report and
Recommendation de novo. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 72 and 28 U.S.C. § 636(b) (1) (“A judge of the
court shall make a de novo determination of those portions of the report or specified proposed
findings and recommendations to which objection is made.”). The Court conducting a de novo
review examines the entire record and makes an independent assessment under the law. Douglass
v. United Services Automobile Association, 79 F.3d 1415, 1430 (5th Cir.1996) (en banc).
Plaintiff sued the United States alleging civil-rights violations and improper seizure of
currency. Docket No. 1 at 3. Plaintiff provided a brief description of his state conviction for
murder and his federal conviction for possession with intent to distribute cocaine. Id. at 4. In his
Complaint, Plaintiff includes a history of his 17 years of incarceration in various institutions. Id.
Plaintiff seeks unspecified monetary damages for false imprisonment and return of his currency.
Id. at 3.
The Magistrate Judge reviewed the Plaintiff’s Complaint and concluded that the lawsuit
should be dismissed with prejudice because the United States of America has absolute immunity
in this case. Docket No. 6 at 3.
In his objections, Plaintiff argues that he is entitled to a jury trial on the merits of his claims
pursuant to the Fifth, Eighth, and Fourteenth Amendments to the United States Constitution.
Docket No. 8 at 2–3.
In his Complaint, Plaintiff lists the “U.S. District Court” as the defendant. Docket No. 1 at
3. The Court is an entity existing under and proceeding pursuant to federal law, as are its orders,
which are the only basis for Plaintiff’s lawsuit.
The United States of America has sovereign immunity from a civil-rights lawsuit seeking
States v. Sherwood, 312 U.S. 584, 586 (1941).
government has not waived sovereign immunity for § 1983 claims. See Boyd v. United States, 861
F.2d 106, 107 (5th Cir. 1988).
Therefore, Plaintiff does not have a claim under §1983. See Boyd, 861 F.2d at 107.
Further, Plaintiff has not pled a viable claim under the Federal Tort Claims Act. See Levin v.
United States, 133 S.Ct. 1224, 1228 (2013).
Page 2 of 3
The Court has made a de novo review of the objected-to portions of the Report and
Recommendation and agrees with the Magistrate Judge that this case should be dismissed for
failure to state a claim upon which relief may be granted and as frivolous in that it lacks any basis
in law and fact. The lawsuit will be dismissed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §1915(e)(2)(B).
Accordingly, it is
ORDERED that the Plaintiff’s objections are overruled and the Report of the Magistrate
Judge is ADOPTED as the opinion of the District Court. It is further
ORDERED that the above-styled civil action is DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE
pursuant to 28 U.S.C.§1915(b)(1).
So ORDERED and SIGNED this 16th day of June, 2017.
ROBERT W. SCHROEDER III
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Page 3 of 3
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?