Tech Pharmacy Services, LLC v. Alixa Rx LLC et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER DENYING re 158 SEALED MOTION for Reconsideration of Magistrate's Order on Motion for Leave to Supplement P.R. 3-3 Invalidity Contentions (ECF. No. 146) filed by Golden Gate National Senior Care, Fillmore Strategic Investors, LLC, Fillmore Strategic Management, LLC, Fillmore Capital Partners, LLC, Alixa Rx LLC. Signed by Judge Amos L. Mazzant, III on 4/10/17. (cm, )
United States District Court
EASTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
TECH PHARMACY SERVICES, LLC
ALIXA RX LLC, GOLDEN GATE
NATIONAL SENIOR CARE LLC d/b/a
GOLDEN LIVINGCENTERS, FILLMORE
CAPITAL PARTNERS, LLC, FILLMORE
STRATEGIC INVESTORS, LLC, and
Civil Action No. 4:15-CV-766
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
Pending the Court is Alixa Rx LLC, Golden Gate National Senior Care LLC d/b/a
Golden LivingCenters, Fillmore Capital Partners, LLC, Fillmore Strategic Investors, LLC, and
Fillmore Strategic Management, LLC’s (“Defendants”) Motion for Reconsideration of
Magistrate’s Order on Motion for Leave to Supplement P.R. 3-3 Invalidity Contentions (Dkt.
#158). After considering the relevant pleadings, the Court denies Defendants’ motion.
Tech Pharmacy Services, LLC (“Plaintiff”) filed suit against Alixa Rx LLC and Golden
Gate National Senior Care LLC (“Original Defendants”) on November 2, 2015 (Dkt. #1).
Plaintiff amended its complaint on January 22, 2016, adding state law claims for breach of
contract and torts to the original patent infringement claims (Dkt. #14).
On May 27, 2016, the Original Defendants served their initial P.R. 3-3 Invalidity
Contentions in accordance with the scheduling order deadline (Dkt. #109, Ex. A; Dkt. #52).
On August 31, 2016, Plaintiff filed an unopposed Motion for Leave to Add Parties (Dkt.
#78. The Court granted leave, and on September 1, 2016, Plaintiff amended its complaint (the
“Second Amended Complaint”) to add the Fillmore Capital Partners LLC, Fillmore Strategic
Management LLC, and Fillmore Strategic Investors LLC (“Fillmore Defendants”) (Dkt. #83).
The amendment added the Fillmore Defendants to the state law causes of action but did not make
substantive changes to any theory of the case.
Opening claim construction briefing was due September 9, 2016, followed by responsive
briefing on September 23, 2016, and reply briefing on September 30, 2016 (Dkt. #52). On
October 7, 2016, Defendants sent a copy of proposed amended invalidity contentions to Plaintiff.
The Court conducted a claim construction hearing on October 14, 2016 (Dkt. #108). Also on
October 14, 2016, Defendants filed a Motion for Leave to Supplement their P.R. 3-3 Invalidity
Contentions (Dkt. #109). The Court issued its claim construction order on October 28, 2016
On January 19, 2017, the magistrate judge, on referral, issued an order denying
Defendants’ Motion for Leave to Supplement their P.R. 3-3 Invalidity Contentions (Dkt. #146).
On February 2, 2017, Defendants’ filed the present Motion for Reconsideration of the
Magistrate’s Order (Dkt. #158). On February 16, 2017, Plaintiff filed a response (Dkt. #166).
On February 23, 2017, Defendants filed a reply (Dkt. #170), and on March 2, 2017, Plaintiff
filed a sur-reply (Dkt. #174).
Motions to reconsider serve a very limited purpose: “to permit a party to correct manifest
errors of law or fact, or to present newly discovered evidence.” Krim v. pcOrder.com, Inc.,
212 F.R.D. 329, 331 (W.D. Tex. 2002) (citations omitted). Mere disagreement with a district
court’s order does not warrant reconsideration of that order. Id. at 332. A party should not
restate, recycle, or rehash arguments that were previously made. Id. District court opinions “are
not intended as mere first drafts, subject to revision and reconsideration at a litigant’s pleasure.”
Quaker Alloy Casting Co. v. Gulfco Indus., Inc., 123 F.R.D. 282, 288 (N.D. Ill. 1988). Rather,
“litigants are expected to present their strongest case when the matter is first considered.”
Louisiana v. Sprint Comms. Co., 899 F. Supp. 282, 284 (M.D. La. 1995) (citation omitted).
“[A] motion to alter or amend the judgment under Rule 59(e) ‘must clearly establish
either a manifest error of law or fact or must present newly discovered evidence’ and ‘cannot be
used to raise arguments which could, and should, have been made before the judgment issued.’”
Rosenzweig v. Azurix Corp., 332 F.3d 854, 863–64 (5th Cir. 2003) (citing Simon v. United
States, 891 F.2d 1154, 1159 (5th Cir. 1990)). “A Rule 59(e) motion may not be used to relitigate
issues that were resolved to the movant’s dissatisfaction.” Glass v. United States, No. 3:00-cv1543, 2004 WL 2189634, at *1 (N.D. Tex. 2004) (citing Forsythe v. Saudi Arabian Airlines
Corp., 885 F.2d 285, 289 (5th Cir. 1989)). “District courts have ‘considerable discretion in
deciding whether to grant or deny a motion to alter a judgment.’” Id. (citing Hale v. Townley,
45 F.3d 914, 921 (5th Cir. 1995)). “In exercising this discretion, a district court must ‘strike the
proper balance between the need for finality and the need to render just decisions on the basis of
all the facts.’” Id.
Defendants seek a reconsideration of the magistrate judge’s prior order denying their
motion for leave to supplement their P.R. 3-3 invalidity contentions (Dkt. #158). The Court is
not inclined to reconsider its prior rulings. Under the Local Rules for the Eastern District of
Texas, Appendix B Patent Rules, leave to amend invalidity contentions “may be made only by
order of the court, which shall be entered only upon a showing of good cause.” P.R. 3-6(b).
“Good cause,” according to the Federal Circuit, “requires a showing of diligence.” O2 Micro
Int’l Ltd. v. Monolithic Power Sys., Inc., 467 F.3d 1355, 1366 (Fed. Cir. 2006). The court
weighs multiple factors in determining whether good cause exists, including, but not limited to:
1. The length of the delay and its potential impact on judicial proceedings;
2. The reason for the delay, including whether it was within the reasonable
control of the movant;
3. Whether the offending party was diligent in seeking an extension of time, or
in supplementing discovery, after an alleged need to disclose the new matter
4. The importance of the particular matter, and if vital to the case, whether a
lesser sanction would adequately address the other factors to be considered
and also deter future violations of the court’s scheduling orders, local rules,
and the federal rules of civil procedure; and
5. The danger of unfair prejudice to the non-movant.
Allure Energy, Inc. v. Nest Labs, Inc., 84 F.Supp.3d 538, 540–41 (E.D. Tex. 2015) (quoting
Computer Acceleration Corp. v. Microsoft Corp., 481 F. Supp. 2d 620, 625 (E.D. Tex. 2007)).
The magistrate judge analyzed the Allure factors and determined that Defendants, as
presented in their motion for leave to supplement (Dkt. #109), did not demonstrate good cause
for leave to amend. The magistrate judge noted, however, that Defendants characterized much
of their proposal to amend as mere supplementation of detail that would not functionally impact
the case or require Plaintiff to alter its case (Dkt. #109 at p. 12).
The magistrate judge
encouraged the parties to discuss the proposed amendments in this light and indicated the Court’s
ability to consider an agreed upon proposal from the parties that was limited to adding this
additional detail to the invalidity contentions (Dkt. #109 at pp. 12–13).
In the present motion, Defendants state that they have since offered to forgo aspects of
their proposed amendments and merely pursue amendments that supplement their existing
theories of invalidity, specifically those set forth in the initial invalidity contentions (Dkt. #158 at
p. 2). Defendants contend that Plaintiff refuses to agree to any supplementation at all (Dkt. #158
at p. 2). It is this issue, Plaintiff’s alleged rejection of newly proposed amendments, that
Defendants seek relief (Dkt. #158 at p. 3).
Defendants contend these modified proposed
amendments are “particularly appropriate because . . . Plaintiff violated their discovery
obligations under the Local Patent Rules by failing to produce relevant evidence regarding the
design and operation of the Envoy system until after briefing on this motion was completed.”
(Dkt. #158 at p. 3) (emphasis in original).
The Court finds that Defendants’ request is not, in actuality, to reconsider the merits of
granting leave to supplement P.R. 3-3 invalidity contentions. Defendants neither establish the
magistrate judge committed any manifest errors of law in its prior decision nor demonstrate good
cause to amend. Instead, Defendants request the Court to reconsider its decision without directly
challenging the Court’s analysis.
Defendants discuss an alleged piece of new evidence, a
disclosure from Plaintiff on November 30, 2017, but do not demonstrate how this evidence,
discovered after briefing of the original motion for leave but before the magistrate judge’s ruling,
would swing the Allure analysis in their favor (Dkt. #158 at p. 6).
Truly, the hypothetical proposed amendments contemplated by the magistrate judge
would require a completely different analysis under the Allure factors if presented as a new
motion for leave to amend considering the timing of the new proposal (Factors 1–3), the
substance of the newly proposed amendments (Factor 4), and the impact this particular set of
amendments would have on Plaintiff. If the Court were merely to consider the present motion as
a new request for leave, while seemingly convenient, it would not afford Plaintiff the proper
opportunity to respond and address the Allure factors with regard to the proposed amendments.
As the parties are apparently incapable of settling the issue, if Defendants still believe a
limited set of amendments adding detail would not functionally impact the case or require
Plaintiff to alter its case, then they should, by motion, present those proposed amendments to the
Court and put forth good cause for leave to amend.
It is, therefore, ORDERED that the Defendants’ Motion for Reconsideration of
Magistrate’s Order on Motion for Leave to Supplement P.R. 3-3 Invalidity Contentions (Dkt.
#158) is hereby DENIED.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
SIGNED this 10th day of April, 2017.
AMOS L. MAZZANT
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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