Vega v. Town of Flower Mound, Texas et al
ORDER OF DISMISSAL ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS for 63 Report and Recommendations. ORDERED that the Defendants' 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss (Dkt. #20), treated as a motion for summary judgment under Rule 56, is GRANTED and the lawsuit is DISMISSED with prejudice. All other motions not previously ruled on are DENIED. Signed by Judge Amos L. Mazzant, III on 3/2/2017. (daj, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
VICTOR VEGA, #1447025
TOWN OF FLOWER MOUND, TEXAS,
CIVIL ACTION NO. 4:16cv172
ORDER OF DISMISSAL
Plaintiff Victor Vega, an inmate confined in the Texas prison system, proceeding pro se and
in forma pauperis, filed the above-styled and numbered civil rights lawsuit pursuant to 42 U.S.C.
§ 1983. The complaint was referred to United States Magistrate Judge Christine A. Nowak, who
issued a Report and Recommendation concluding that the Defendants’ motion to dismiss, treated
as a motion for summary judgment, should be granted. Plaintiff has filed objections.
As a preliminary matter, Plaintiff discusses state law regarding discovery. This lawsuit,
however, is governed by federal law. Plaintiff has not shown that he has been denied any rights to
discovery under federal law.
Plaintiff also objects to the conclusion that his lawsuit, which is a property claim, is barred
by Hudson v. Palmer, 468 U.S. 517 (1984), and Parratt v. Taylor, 451 U.S. 527 (1981) (hereinafter
“Hudson/Parratt” Doctrine). In discussing the Hudson/Parratt Doctrine, the Fifth Circuit has found
that the “Texas court system provide[s] an adequate postdeprivation remedy through the right to
appeal to restore any wrongfully taken property to its owner.” Holloway v. Walker, 784 F.2d 1298,
1292 (5th Cir. 1986). Plaintiff’s claim is barred by the Hudson/Parratt Doctrine.
Plaintiff argues in his objections that an exception to the Hudson/Parratt Doctrine should
apply. Magistrate Judge Nowak, however, discussed in the alternative the merits of his property
claim and concluded that he had been provided due process. Plaintiff was provided due process
before his property was destroyed.
Magistrate Judge Nowak also correctly found that the Defendants persuasively argued that
the lawsuit is barred by the two-year statute of limitations. TEX. CIV. PRAC. & REM. CODE § 16.003.
Plaintiff’s property was seized in conjunction with criminal proceedings. He was convicted in 2007.
A state judge issued an order authorizing Defendant Burgess and an Assistant District Attorney to
dispose of the property on April 19, 2011. On January 8, 2013, the Denton County District Clerk
mailed a notice of the Clerk’s intention to dispose of the property to Plaintiff’s attorney. The letter
included provisions for counsel to claim the property by February 15, 2013. The property was
subsequently destroyed on November 19, 2013. The present lawsuit was not filed until more than
two years later on March 4, 2016. Plaintiff argues in his objections that he did not receive notice,
but notice was sent to his attorney of record. The present lawsuit is time-barred.
Finally, Magistrate Judge Nowak correctly found that Defendants Kotila and Burgess are
entitled to qualified immunity to the extent that they have been sued in their individual capacities. The
defense of qualified immunity protects government officials performing discretionary functions from
“liability for civil damages insofar as their conduct does not violate clearly established rights which
a reasonable person would have known.” Harlow v. Fitzgerald, 457 U.S. 800, 818 (1982); Lytle v.
Bexar County, Tex., 560 F.3d 404, 409 (5th Cir. 2009). “Qualified immunity gives government
officials breathing room to make reasonable but mistaken judgments about open legal questions.”
Ashcroft v. al-Kidd, 563 U.S. 731, 743 (2011). “When properly applied, it protects all but the plainly
incompetent or those who knowingly violate the law.” Id. (internal quotation marks omitted).
Plaintiff has not shown that the Defendants violated his statutory or constitutional rights or that they
violated clearly established statutory or constitutional rights of which a person would have known.
In his objections, Plaintiff merely renews his meritless argument that the notice provided deprived him
of constitutionally protected rights. The Defendants are entitled to summary judgment.
The Report of the Magistrate Judge, which contains her proposed findings of fact and
recommendations for the disposition of such action, has been presented for consideration, and having
made a de novo review of the objections raised by Plaintiff to the Report, the Court is of the opinion
that the findings and conclusions of the Magistrate Judge are correct, and the objections raised by
Plaintiff lack merit. Therefore the Court hereby adopts the findings and conclusions of the
Magistrate Judge as the findings and conclusions of the Court. It is accordingly
ORDERED that the Defendants’ 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss (Dkt. #20), treated as a motion
for summary judgment under Rule 56, is GRANTED and the lawsuit is DISMISSED with
prejudice. All other motions not previously ruled on are DENIED.
SIGNED this 2nd day of March, 2017.
AMOS L. MAZZANT
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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