MANOOKIAN et al v. MERVIS et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER re 1 filed by Brian Manookian, Cummings Manookian PLC, Brian Cummings. Defendants Motion to Compel Third Party Production of Documents from Ronald Mervis and Mervis Diamond Corporation (Dkt. #1) is hereby DENIED and the objections are SUSTAINED. Signed by Judge Amos L. Mazzant, III on 8/11/17. (cm, )
United States District Court
EASTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
CUMMINGS, CUMMINGS MANOOKIAN
RONALD MERVIS, MERVIS DIAMOND
Civil Action No. 4:17-mc-00056
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
Pending before the Court is Movants Brian Manookian, Brian Cummings, and Cummings
Manookian, PLC’s (collectively, “Movants”) Motion to Compel Third Party Production of
Documents from Ronald Mervis and Mervis Diamond Corporation (“MDC”) and Motion to
Transfer. (Dkt. #1). The motion was initially filed in The United States District Court for the
District of Columbia. The court granted the Motion to Transfer. Accordingly, only the Motion to
Compel (“Motion”) is before the Court. Having considered the relevant pleadings, the Court finds
that the Motion should be denied and MDC’s objections are sustained.
On January 30, 2017, Movants served a subpoena on the registered agent of MDC
REQUEST FOR PRODUCTION 1: Produce any and all communications, in any
medium, between you and David Blank from January 1, 2015 to present.
REQUEST FOR PRODUCTION 2: Produce any and all communications, in any
medium, between you and Diamond Doctor from January 1, 2015 to present.
REQUEST FOR PRODUCTION 3: Produce any and all communications, in any
medium, between you and anyone acting on behalf of David Blank from January 1,
2015 to present.
REQUEST FOR PRODUCTION 4: Produce any and all communications, in any
medium, between you and anyone acting on behalf of Diamond Doctor from
January 1, 2015 to present.
REQUEST FOR PRODUCTION 5: Produce any and all communications, in any
medium, between anyone acting on your behalf and any person acting on behalf of
David Blank and/or Diamond Doctor from January 1, 2015 to present.
REQUEST FOR PRODUCTION 6: Produce any and all emails you have sent or
received since January 1, 2015 that include any of the following terms:
a. David Blank
f. Cummings Manookian
h. Brian Manookian
i. Brian Cummings
l. Boaz Ramon
REQUEST FOR PRODUCTION 7: Produce any and all correspondence you have
received from any customer regarding the sale of a diamond accompanied by an EGLInternational Grading Report.
(Dkt. #1 Ex. B). On February 28, 2017, MDC objected to the subpoena. On May 11, 2017,
Movants filed the motion to compel and transfer with the United States District Court for the
District of Columbia (Dkt. #1). On May 25, 2017, MDC and Ronald Mervis (“Non-Movants”)
filed a response (Dkt. #2). On June 1, 2017, Movants filed a reply (Dkt. #4). The United States
District Court for the District of Columbia ordered that the Motion be transferred on July 13, 2017.
The case was transferred on July 27, 2017.
Matters relating to the enforcement of a subpoena are to be directed to the court “for the
district where compliance is required.” FED. R. CIV. P. 45(d). Those matters include “the duty to
address objections to a subpoena when the serving party moves the court for an order compelling
production or inspection of documents.” Trover Grp., Inc. v. Dedicated Micros USA, No. 2:13CV-1047-WCB, 2015 WL 11117083, at *1 (E.D. Tex. Mar. 27, 2015) (citing FED. R. CIV. P.
45(d)(2)(B)(i)). Additionally, when addressing objections and ordering compliance, courts “must
protect a person who is neither a party nor a party’s officer from significant expense resulting from
compliance.” FED. R. CIV. P. 45(d)(2)(B)(ii). Indeed, courts may quash a subpoena if it subjects a
person to undue burden. Wiwa v. Royal Dutch Petroleum Co., 392 F.3d 812, 818 (5th Cir. 2004)
(citing FED. R. CIV. P. 45(d)(3)(iv)).
When determining whether the subpoena presents an undue burned, courts consider the
following factors: “(1) relevance of the information requested; (2) the need of the party for the
documents; (3) the breadth of the document request; (4) the time period covered by the request;
(5) the particularity with which the party describes the requested documents; and (6) the burden
imposed.” Id. (citing Williams v. City of Dall., 178 F.R.D. 103, 109 (N.D. Tex. 1998)). Further,
courts “may find that a subpoena presents an undue burden when the subpoena is facially
overbroad.” Id. (citing Williams, 178 F.R.D. at 109). “Courts have found that a subpoena for
documents from a non-party is facially overbroad where the subpoena’s document requests ‘seek
all documents concerning the parties to [the underlying] action, regardless of whether those
documents relate to that action and regardless of date’; ‘[t]he requests are not particularized’; and
‘[t]he period covered by the requests is unlimited.’” Am. Fed’n of Musicians of the U.S. & Can. v.
Skodam Films, LLC, 313 F.R.D. 39, 45 (N.D. Tex. 2015) (citing Wiwa, 392 F.3d at 818; In re
O’Hare, Misc. A. No. H-11-0539, 2012 WL 1377891, at *2 (S.D. Tex. Apr. 19, 2012); Turnbow
v. Life Partners, Inc., No. 3:11-cv-1030-M, 2013 WL 1632794, at *1 (N.D. Tex. Apr. 16, 2013)).
After being served with the subpoena, MDC objected to the requests for production. After
receiving the objections, Movants filed the present Motion to Compel. Accordingly, the Court has
the power to address the objections to the subpoena.
Requests for Production 1–5
MDC objected to Requests 1–5 asserting that they were “vague and overly broad,” that
Movants made “no effort to limit the request[s] to communications that could even conceivably
be related to the subject matter of the litigation,” and that they seek “documents that are irrelevant
and unlikely to lead to discovery of any admissible evidence.” (Dkt. #2 Ex.1). MDC further
objected to Requests 3–5 as “vague and unduly burdensome as it would require [MDC] to ascertain
whether or not an individual was ‘acting on behalf of [David Blank and/or Diamond Doctor].’”
Movants contend that these documents are relevant because David Blank and the Diamond
Doctor (“Plaintiffs”) alleged that they communicated with Non-Movants and Boaz Ramon about
Movants’ negative publicity. (Dkt. #1 at 8). Non-Movants respond that MDC “voluntarily
produced all of the communications that [MDC] had with Diamond Doctor, that [MDC] could
locate, that are arguably relevant to: (1) [MDC’s] experiences dealing with Manookian; and (2)
any controversy over allegedly ‘over graded’ diamonds.”
Movants seek any and all communications between MDC and “the parties to [the
underlying] action regardless of whether those documents related to that action.” Am. Fed’n of
Musicians, 313 F.R.D. at 45. (quoting In re O’Hare, 2012 WL 1377891, at *2; accord Turnbow,
2013 WL 1632795, at *1). Additionally, “[t]he requests are not particularized.” Id. (quoting In re
O’Hare, 2012 WL 1377891, at *2; accord Turnbow, 2013 WL 1632795, at *1). The subpoena is
facially overbroad. See id. Thus, MDC’s objection to Requests 1–5 are SUSTAINED.
Request for Production 6
MDC objected to Request 6 contending it was “overly broad, unduly burdensome, and it
would require the production of numerous documents that are irrelevant and unlikely to lead to the
discovery of any admissible evidence.” (Dkt. #2 Ex. 1). Further, MDC explains that it was
involved in two lawsuits with Cummings Manookian, PLC and Mark Hammervold. Accordingly,
MDC also asserts that using these search terms would involve documents protected by workproduct privilege and attorney-client privilege. MDC argues that this adds significant expense
because MDC will have to pay an attorney to review the documents and create a privilege log.
Movants respond that MDC’s communications with Plaintiffs are relevant and would not be under
attorney-client privilege because any communication shared with Plaintiffs are waived.
While it is possible that there may be some relevant documents produced from these search
terms, Movants made no effort to limit the subpoena’s request to relate to the underlying action.
See Am. Fed’n of Musicians, 313 F.R.D. at 45 (quoting In re O’Hare, 2012 WL 1377891, at *2;
accord Turnbow, 2013 WL 1632795, at *1). Instead, Movants served a request that was overbroad
as it sought all emails that contained the parties’ names and email addresses in the underlying
action and two non-parties, who are alleged to be part of Defendants’ purported scheme. Id.
(quoting In re O’Hare, 2012 WL 1377891, at *2; accord Turnbow, 2013 WL 1632795, at *1).
Additionally, this request may require “the disclosure of privileged or other protected matter, [to
which] no exception or waiver applies.” FED. R. CIV. P. 45(d)(3)(A)(iii). Accordingly, MDC’s
objections to Request 6 are SUSTAINED.
Request for Production 7
MDC objected to Request 7 arguing it is “irrelevant and unlikely to lead to the discovery
of any admissible evidence.” (Dkt. #2 Ex. 1). MDC explained that its “sale of diamonds graded
by EGL-I has no bearing on any issue of material fact in the litigation between [Movants and
Plaintiffs] (the ‘Diamond Doctor Case’). Rather, Request 7 has been made for an improper
purpose; specifically to harass [MDC] and improperly utilize discovery in the Diamond Doctor
Case to permit [Movants] to search for new clients he may retain to sue [MDC] in the future.” (Id.)
Movants respond that that there is a protective order in place to prevent the use of any documents
in any future lawsuits.
“The period covered by the requests is unlimited.” See Am. Fed’n of Musicians, 313 F.R.D.
at 45 (quoting In re O’Hare, 2012 WL 1377891, at *2; accord Turnbow, 2013 WL 1632795, at
*1). Additionally, Movants made no attempt to particularize or narrow the request. See id.
(quoting In re O’Hare, 2012 WL 1377891, at *2; accord Turnbow, 2013 WL 1632795, at *1).
Request 7 is facially overbroad. See id. The over breadth of the request is compounded by the fact
that Movants offer no explanation as to why the documents requested are relevant to the underlying
action. MDC’s objections to Request 7 are SUSTAINED.
It is therefore ORDERED that Defendants’ Motion to Compel Third Party Production of
Documents from Ronald Mervis and Mervis Diamond Corporation (Dkt. #1) is hereby DENIED
and the objections are SUSTAINED. With the resolution of this motion, the Clerk of the Court is
directed to close the above-styled case.
SIGNED this 11th day of August, 2017.
AMOS L. MAZZANT
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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