Garland v. Roy
ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS for 30 Report and Recommendations,. Signed by Judge David Folsom on 9/15/11. (mrm, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
GENE IRVING GARLAND
WARDEN KEITH ROY
CIVIL ACTION NO. 5:08-CV-155
MEMORANDUM ORDER OVERRULING OBJECTIONS AND ADOPTING
THE MAGISTRATE JUDGE’S REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
Petitioner Gene Irving Garland, a prisoner confined at the Federal Correctional Institution
in Texarkana, Texas, brought this petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241.
The Court ordered that this matter be referred to the Honorable Caroline Craven, United
States Magistrate Judge, for consideration pursuant to applicable laws and orders of this Court. The
magistrate judge has submitted a Report and Recommendation of United States Magistrate Judge.
The magistrate judge recommends granting the petition to the extent that petitioner’s convictions
under Counts 64-115 of the indictment should be vacated. The magistrate judge also recommends
remanding the case to the United States District Court for the Northern District of Texas for
The Court has received and considered the Report and Recommendation of United States
Magistrate Judge, along with the record, pleadings, and all available evidence. The parties filed
objections to the magistrate judge’s Report and Recommendation.
The Court has conducted a de novo review of the objections in relation to the pleadings and
the applicable law. See FED . R. CIV . P. 72(b). After careful consideration, the Court concludes the
objections are without merit.
The government relies on United States v. Thuan Huy Ha, 390 Fed.Appx. 649 (9th Cir.
2010), and United States v. Bush, 626 F.3d 527 (9th Cir. 2010), for the proposition that a merger
problem does not exist if the money laundering convictions involve transactions that are distinct
from the underlying mail fraud convictions. The cases do not support the government’s argument
because the money laundering convictions in those cases concerned payments that the pyramid
scheme operators made to themselves. In this case, the payments were made to investors to
perpetuate the fraudulent conduct.
Petitioner argues that the case should not be remanded for resentencing. This argument lacks
merit. When a defendant successfully challenges one or more of several interdependent convictions,
he opens the door for the sentencing court to revisit the entire sentence and resentence him on the
unchallenged convictions. United States v. Benbrook, 119 F.3d 338, 340 (5th Cir. 1997).
Accordingly, the objections are OVERRULED. The findings of fact and conclusions of law
of the magistrate judge are correct, and the report of the magistrate judge is ADOPTED. A final
judgment will be entered in this case in accordance with the magistrate judge’s recommendations.
SIGNED this 15th day of September, 2011.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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