Boyles-Gray v. Dir TDCJ
MEMORANDUM AND OPINION ORDER Overruling Objections and Adopting the R&R filed in 5:11cv61 LEAD case. Signed by Judge Michael H. Schneider on 1/8/2014. (sm, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
JUSTIN MARTIN BOYLES-GRAY
CIVIL ACTION NO. 5:11cv61
JUSTIN MARTIN BOYLES-GRAY
CIVIL ACTION NO. 5:11cv64
MEMORANDUM ORDER OVERRULING OBJECTIONS AND
ADOPTING THE MAGISTRATE JUDGE’S REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
Petitioner Justin Martin Boyles-Gray, an inmate confined in the Texas Department of
Criminal Justice Correctional Institutions Division, proceeding pro se, brought this petition for writ
of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254.
The Court referred this matter to the Honorable Caroline M. Craven, United States Magistrate
Judge, at Texarkana, Texas, for consideration pursuant to applicable laws and orders of this Court.
The Magistrate Judge recommends the petition for writ of habeas corpus should be denied on the
The Court has received and considered the Report and Recommendation of United States
Magistrate Judge filed pursuant to such order, along with the record, pleadings and all available
evidence. The parties filed objections to the magistrate judge’s Report and Recommendation. This
requires a de novo review of the objections in relation to the pleadings and the applicable law. See
FED. R. CIV. P. 72(b).
After careful consideration, the Court concludes the objections should be overruled. To the
extent petitioner disagrees with the Magistrate Judge regarding the merits of his petition, the Court
agrees with the conclusions of the Magistrate Judge. Petitioner has failed to show that the state court
adjudication was contrary to, or involved an unreasonable application of, clearly established federal
law, as determined by the Supreme Court of the United States or that the state court adjudication
resulted in a decision that was based on an unreasonable determination of the facts in light of the
evidence presented in the state court proceeding.
Further, there was nothing improper about the fact finding procedure used by the state court
in petitioner’s case. The Fifth Circuit has repeatedly held that a paper hearing in state court is
sufficient to afford a petitioner a full and fair hearing on the factual issues underlying his claims,
especially where, as here, the trial court and the state habeas court were one and the same. Murphy
v. Johnson, 205 F.3d 809, 816 (5th Cir. 2000).
The respondent objects that the Magistrate Judge failed to address his contention that one
ground for review was waived by petitioner’s guilty plea and the remaining ground was barred from
consideration by Teague v. Lane, 489 U.S. 288 (1989). In light of the Magistrate Judge’s
recommendation that the petition be denied, however, there was no need for her to also consider the
additional defenses proffered by the respondent. Accordingly, the objections to the Report and
Recommendation should be overruled, and petitioner’s petition should be denied.
In addition, the Court is of the opinion petitioner is not entitled to a certificate of
appealability. An appeal from a judgment denying federal habeas corpus relief may not proceed
unless a judge issues a certificate of appealability. See 28 U.S.C. § 2253; FED. R. APP. P. 22(b). The
standard for granting a certificate of appealability, like that for granting a certificate of probable
cause to appeal under prior law, requires the movant to make a substantial showing of the denial of
a federal constitutional right. See Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 483-84 (2000); Elizalde v.
Dretke, 362 F.3d 323, 328 (5th Cir. 2004); see also Barefoot v. Estelle, 463 U.S. 880, 893 (1982).
In making that substantial showing, the movant need not establish that he should prevail on the
merits. Rather, he must demonstrate that the issues are subject to debate among jurists of reason,
that a court could resolve the issues in a different manner, or that the questions presented are worthy
of encouragement to proceed further. See Slack, 529 U.S. at 483-84. Any doubt regarding whether
to grant a certificate of appealability is resolved in favor of the movant, and the severity of the
penalty may be considered in making this determination. See Miller v. Johnson, 200 F.3d 274, 28081 (5th Cir.), cert. denied, 531 U.S. 849 (2000).
Here, petitioner has not shown that any of the issues raised by his claims are subject to debate
among jurists of reason. The factual and legal questions advanced by the movant are not novel and
have been consistently resolved adversely to his position. In addition, the questions presented are
not worthy of encouragement to proceed further. Therefore, petitioner has failed to make a sufficient
showing to merit the issuance of a certificate of appealability. Accordingly, a certificate of
appealability shall not be issued.
Accordingly, the objections to the report are OVERRULED. The findings of fact and
conclusions of law of the magistrate judge are correct and the report of the magistrate judge is
ADOPTED. A final judgment will be entered in this case in accordance with the magistrate judge’s
It is SO ORDERED.
SIGNED this 8th day of January, 2014.
MICHAEL H. SCHNEIDER
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?