Most v. Edge
ORDER ADOPTING 3 Report and Recommendations Overruling Petitioner's Objections. Signed by District Judge Robert W. Schroeder, III on 02/14/18. (lfs, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
TIMOTHY R. MOST
WARDEN, FCI TEXARKANA
CIVIL ACTION NO. 5:17-CV-98
MEMORANDUM ORDER OVERRULING PETITIONER=S OBJECTIONS AND ADOPTING
THE MAGISTRATE JUDGE=S REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
Petitioner Timothy R. Most, a prisoner confined at the Federal Correctional Institution in
Texarkana, Texas, proceeding pro se, filed this petition for writ of habeas corpus under 28 U.S.C.
' 2241. Docket No. 1.
The Court referred this matter to the Honorable Caroline Craven, United States Magistrate
Judge, at Texarkana, Texas, for consideration under the applicable laws and orders of this Court.
The Magistrate Judge recommends dismissing the petition for writ of habeas corpus. Docket No.
The Court has received and considered the Report and Recommendation of the United
States Magistrate Judge, along with the record, pleadings and all available evidence.
petitioner filed objections to the Report and Recommendation. Docket No. 5.
The Court has conducted a de novo review of the objections in relation to the pleadings
and the applicable law.
See FED. R. CIV. P. 72(b). After careful consideration, the Court
concludes the objections are without merit.
The petitioner contends that: (1) the sentencing court failed to properly apply the United
States Sentencing Guidelines; (2) counsel was ineffective for failing to argue that the Sentencing
Guidelines mandated a concurrent sentence; (3) the prosecution misled the sentencing Court
regarding the Court=s authority to impose a concurrent sentence; (4) the sentencing Court failed to
credit the petitioner for time spent in state custody; and (5) counsel was ineffective for failing to
request credit for the time the petitioner spent in state custody. Docket No. 5 at 1. The petitioner
requests to be resentenced, applying ' 5G1.3(c) of the United States Sentencing Guidelines to
grant credit toward his federal sentence for time credited to a related sentence imposed by a state
The petitioner=s claims do not challenge the manner in which the petitioner=s sentence is
being executed or calculated by the Bureau of Prisons. Rather, the petitioner attacks the legality
of the sentence as imposed, based on the sentencing Court=s alleged failure to apply a provision of
the Sentencing Guidelines to reduce the petitioner=s federal sentence. A claim challenging the
legality of a sentence generally must be brought under 28 U.S.C. ' 2255, not ' 2241. Tolliver v.
Dobre, 211 F.3d 876, 877 (5th Cir. 2000).
While the petitioner cites cases under the Third Circuit (Docket No. at 2–3), this Court is
bound by Fifth Circuit precedent, which holds that the savings clause of ' 2255(e), which in some
instances allows a petitioner to proceed under ' 2241, “applies to a claim: (i) that is based on a
retroactively applicable Supreme Court decision which establishes that the petitioner may have
been convicted of a nonexistent offense and (ii) that was foreclosed by circuit law at the time when
the claim should have been raised in the petitioner=s trial, appeal, or first ' 2255 motion.” ReyesRequena v. United States, 243 F.3d 893 (5th Cir. 2001). As the Magistrate Judge concluded, the
petitioner failed to meet either prong of the Reyes-Requena test. The petitioner=s claims do not
demonstrate that he was convicted of Aa nonexistent offense@ as required by the actual innocence
prong of Reyes-Requena. Additionally, the petitioner=s ground for review is not based on a
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retroactively applicable Supreme Court decision, and it was not foreclosed at the time of trial.
Therefore, the petitioner may not pursue his claim concerning his sentence in a habeas petition
filed under ' 2241.
Accordingly, petitioner=s objections are OVERRULED.
The findings of fact and
conclusions of law of the Magistrate Judge are correct, and the report of the Magistrate Judge is
ADOPTED. A final judgment will be entered in this case in accordance with the Magistrate
SIGNED this 14th day of February, 2018.
ROBERT W. SCHROEDER III
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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