Bedrock Computer Technologies, LLC v. Softlayer Technologies, Inc. et al
RESPONSE to 440 Objection to Report and Recommendations, - Defendants' Reply in Further Support of Defendants' Objections to Report and Recommendation of United States Magistrate Judge by AOL Inc, Amazon.com Inc., Google Inc., Match.Com LLC, MySpace Inc., Softlayer Technologies, Inc., Yahoo! Inc.. (Williams, E Danielle)
Bedrock Computer Technologies, LLC v. Softlayer Technologies, Inc. et al
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS TYLER DIVISION
Bedrock Computer Technologies LLC, Plaintiff, Case No. 6:09-CV-269 v. JURY TRIAL DEMANDED Softlayer Technologies, Inc., et al., Defendants.
DEFENDANTS' REPLY IN FURTHER SUPPORT OF DEFENDANTS' OBJECTIONS TO REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION OF UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE (Dkt. No. 372)
Defendants submit this reply in further support of their Objections to the Report and Recommendation of United States Magistrate Judge (Dkt. No. 440) regarding the indefiniteness of claim terms of the `120 Patent. Defendants respectfully request that the Court reject the findings in the Report and Recommendation of United States Magistrate Judge ("Report") (Dkt. No. 372) and grant Defendants' motion for Summary Judgment because the `120 Patent fails to disclose sufficient structure to support the following means-plus-function limitations in the claims at issue: "means for dynamically determining a maximum number to remove," "hashing means," and "record search means utilizing a search key to access the linked list" indefinite. I. Expert Testimony is Not Required to Show Lack of Sufficient Structure Bedrock asserts in its response that Defendants have not put forth evidence of the level of skill in the art and therefore cannot meet their burden.1 Bedrock cites to general proposition case law regarding claim construction and means-plus-function principles but does not cite any authority to support the unfounded assertion that without expert testimony Defendants cannot meet their burden. Expert testimony of one of ordinary skill in the art is not required for claim construction and for the Court to recognize the complete lack of any structure in the specification that is clearly linked to the function of the claims.2 In fact, this Court, in Advanceme, Inc. v. Rapidplay, LLC, Case No. 6:05-CV-424 LED, found means-plus-function claims indefinite for failure to disclose sufficient structure without requiring expert testimony. Accordingly, Defendants' have provided sufficient evidence to support a finding of Summary Judgment of Indefiniteness.
Bedrock Response at 2 (Dkt. No. 479). Personalized Media Comm., LLC v. Intern'l Trade Comm'n, 161 F.3d 696, 705 (Fed. Cir. 1998) ("A determination of claim indefiniteness is a legal conclusion that is drawn from the court's performance of its duty as the construer of patent claims.").
II. Objections to Terms A. Claims 2 and 6: "means for dynamically determining maximum number to remove" Bedrock effectively concedes in its response brief that the structure identified by the Order does not determine a maximum number of records to remove.3 The structure identified in the Report and propounded by Bedrock for this limitation is thus not clearly linked to the claimed function, as is required, and thus the claims containing this limitation (claims 2 and 6) are indefinite as a matter of law. The Report construed the function in claims 2 and 6 to be "dynamically determining maximum number for the record search means to remove in the accessed linked list of records."4 The Report construed the corresponding structure to be the choice between the Search Table Procedure or the Alternate Search Table Procedure.5 Defendants pointed out that the Order is
erroneous for three reasons: (1) under these two procedures, the number of records removed is determined only after the records are removed, and thus the procedures do not determine records to remove (they have already been removed); (2) these two procedures do not determine or calculate a maximum number (an actual number/numeric value such as 5, 10, or 13) of records to remove6; and (3) there is no algorithm in the specification disclosing such a "choice." Bedrock's arguments confirm that Defendants' first basis holds true -- neither of the two procedures determines a maximum number of records to remove. Bedrock states in its brief that the choice between the two procedures "results in either the removal of all expired records, some but not all of them, or none of them."7 Therefore, under Bedrock's argument, the system only
Bedrock Response at 3. Report at 12 (emphasis added). 5 Id. at 13. 6 See `120 patent at 6:56-66 and at cols. 11-14. 7 Bedrock Response at 3 (emphasis added).
knows how many records are removed after the Search Table Procedure or the Alternate Search Table Procedure completes operation. Bedrock is left with the tortured argument that this "structure" determines ex post facto the number of records to remove. It cannot be reasonably disputed that a resulting number of removed records is not the same as determining a maximum number to remove. Therefore, the supposed structure of the "choice" between the two procedures is not clearly linked to the function of "determining a maximum number of records to remove." Furthermore, the Report erred because even if the "choice" could correctly be considered to be an algorithmic structure that decides between the Search Table Procedure or the Alternate Search Table procedure, no such algorithm describing the "choice" is disclosed. The Report states that the decision is based on a variety of factors listed in the specification.8 However, the Report erred in equating factors that may be considered by an algorithm with an algorithmic structure that actually employs these factors.9 Bedrock does not identify any algorithmic structure that employs the factors in an algorithm that makes a choice between the two procedures. B. Claim 5: "hashing means . . ."
The Report is in error because it reads "hashing means" not to require a hashing function. The Report defined the function as "to provide access to records stored in memory of the system and using an external chaining technique to store the records with same hash address at least some of the records automatically expiring."10 Bedrock contends that the "linked list" performs the function "to provide access to records stored in a memory of the system" and that the hash
Dkt. No. 372 at 13 (citing the `120 patent at 7:4-10). See e.g., Typhoon Touch Tech., Inc. v. Dell, Inc., No. 6:07-cv-546, 2009 WL 2243126, *16 (E.D. Tex. Jul. 23, 2009) (ability to devise a structure from the disclosure is insufficient). 10 Report at 8.
table performs the function of "using an external chaining technique to store the records with same hash address at least some of the records automatically expiring."11 However, linked lists are merely external chains on the hash table used to store records. To access records stored in a hash table, hashing must be performed, which requires a hashing function.12 There is no disclosure of an algorithmic structure for hashing, which renders the "hashing means" indefinite. The Report's identification of a single line of pseudocode that takes a "record_key" as a parameter, performs an unknown operation, and returns an index is not sufficient structure for a hashing algorithm.13 Bedrock searches for a middle ground in its response and states that to the extent the Court finds that a hashing function is required and disclosed, it must embody the bounds of the "inner functionality for hashing" disclosed as "truncation, folding, transposition, [or] modulo arithmetic." While Defendants do not believe that sufficient structure is disclosed, Defendants agree that if the Court were to find sufficient structure disclosed it would be limited to the hashing functionality of "truncation, folding, transposition, [or] modulo arithmetic" disclosed in the specification. Thus, if the Court agrees with Bedrock's argument in this regard, it should find that the disclosed structure for the function is limited to hashing functionality of "truncation, folding, transposition, [or] modulo arithmetic" disclosed in the specification. C. "Claims 1 and 5: "record search means utilizing a search key to access the linked list"
Claims 1 and 5 are invalid because the `120 patent fails to disclose algorithmic structure for function of the "record search means," namely "utilizing a search key to access the linked list." The figures, specification, and pseudocode of the `120 patent describe only one way of
Bedrock Response at 5. See id. 13 Dkt. No. 372 at 9; `120 patent at cols. 11-12.
accessing the linked list utilizing a search key through the execution of a hashing function. As discussed with reference to hashing means, there is no disclosure of an algorithmic structure for executing a hash function. Bedrock's argument that Defendants are asking the Court to "require the structure corresponding to the recited function to have its own corresponding structure" is misplaced.14 The `120 Patent does not provide any algorithmic structure "for utilizing a search key to access the linked list" nor does Bedrock point to any algorithmic structure that utilizes the search key to access a linked list. Bedrock again searches for a middle ground in its response and states that to the extent the Court finds that a hashing function is required and disclosed, it must embody "truncation, folding, transposition, [or] modulo arithmetic." Like the "hashing means," if the Court agrees with Bedrock's argument in this regard, it should find that the disclosed structure for the function is limited to hashing functionality of "truncation, folding, transposition, [or] modulo arithmetic" disclosed in the specification. CONCLUSION For the foregoing reasons and the reasons, Defendants respectfully request that the Court grant Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment of Indefiniteness as to Claims 1, 2, 5, and 6.
Bedrock Response at 6.
Respectfully submitted, this the 25th day of February 2011. /s/ E. Danielle T. Williams Steven Gardner E. Danielle T. Williams John C. Alemanni KILPATRICK TOWNSEND & STOCKTON LLP 1001 West 4th Street Winston-Salem, NC 27101 Telephone: 336-607-7300 Fax: 336-607-7500 William H. Boice Russell A. Korn KILPATRICK TOWNSEND & STOCKTON LLP Suite 2800 1100 Peachtree Street Atlanta, GA 30309-4530 Telephone: 404-815-6500 Fax: 404-815-6555 J. Thad Heartfield Texas Bar No. 09346800 email@example.com M. Dru Montgomery Texas Bar No. 24010800 firstname.lastname@example.org THE HEARTFIELD LAW FIRM 2195 Dowlen Road Beaumont, TX 77706 Telephone: 409-866-2800 Fax: 409-866-5789 Attorneys for Defendants Softlayer Technologies, Inc. and Amazon.com, Inc. /s/ Louis A. Karasik (with permission) Frank G. Smith email@example.com ALSTON & BIRD LLP One Atlantic Center 1201 West Peachtree Street Atlanta, GA 30309 Telephone: (404) 881-7240 Facsimile: (404) 256-8184 Alan L. Whitehurst firstname.lastname@example.org Marissa R. Ducca email@example.com ALSTON & BIRD LLP The Atlantic Building 950 F Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20004 Telephone: (202) 756-3300 Facsimile: (202) 756-3333 Michael J. Newton (SBN 24003844) firstname.lastname@example.org ALSTON & BIRD LLP Chase Tower 2200 Ross Avenue, Suite 3601 Dallas, TX 75201 Telephone: (214) 922-3423 Facsimile: (214) 922-3839 Louis A. Karasik (pro hac vice) email@example.com ALSTON & BIRD LLP 333 South Hope Street 16th Floor Los Angeles, CA 90071 Telephone: (213) 576-1148 Facsimile: (213) 576-1100 Attorneys for Defendants AOL Inc. and Myspace, Inc.
/s/ Christopher D. Bright (with permission) Yar R. Chaikovsky California State Bar No. 175421 John A. Lee California State Bar No. 229911 MCDERMOTT WILL & EMERY LLP 275 Middlefield Road, Suite 100 Menlo Park, CA 94025 Tel: 650.815.7400 Fax: 650.815.7401 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Email: email@example.com Christopher D. Bright Cal. Bar No. 206273 MCDERMOTT WILL & EMERY LLP 18191 Von Karman Ave, Ste. 500 Irvine, California 92612 Tel: 949.757.7178 Fax: 949.851.9348 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Attorneys for Defendant Yahoo! Inc.
/s/ Todd Briggs (with permission) Claude M. Stern email@example.com Evette D. Pennypacker firstname.lastname@example.org Todd M. Briggs email@example.com Antonio Sistos firstname.lastname@example.org QUINN EMANUEL URQUHART & SULLIVAN, LLP 555 Twin Dolphin Dr., 5th Floor Redwood Shores, CA 94065 Telephone: 650-801-5000 Facsimile: 650-801-5100 Michael E. Jones email@example.com Texas State Bar No. 10929400 POTTER MINTON, PC 110 N. College Tyler, Texas 75702 Telephone: (903) 597-8311 Facsimile: (903) 593-0846 Attorneys for Google, Inc. and Match.com, LLC
CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE The undersigned hereby certifies that on this 25th day of February 2011 a true and correct copy of the foregoing has been served on all counsel of record via electronic mail.
/s/ E. Danielle T. Williams E. Danielle T. Williams
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