Flexuspine, Inc. v. Globus Medical, Inc.
ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS for 149 Report and Recommendations, recommending that Globus's Motion for Summary Judgment 107 be GRANTED with respect to noninfringement of the 810 Patent, and DENIED in all other respects. All objections by Plaintiff and Defendant are OVERRULED. Signed by Judge Rodney Gilstrap on 8/12/16. (mjc, )
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
Globus Medical, Inc.
CASE NO. 6:15-cv-201-JRG-KNM
JURY TRIAL DEMANDED
ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
OF UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
Before the Court are cross-objections to the Report and Recommendation of the United
States Magistrate Judge (Doc. No. 149) regarding Defendant Globus Medical, Inc.’s
(“Defendant”) Motion for Summary Judgment (Doc. No. 107).
Plaintiff Flexuspine, Inc.
(“Plaintiff”) filed objections (Doc. No. 167), to which Defendant filed a response (Doc. No.
190). Defendant also filed objections (Doc. No. 168), to which Plaintiff filed a response (Doc.
No. 188). Having reviewed the written objections filed by both parties de novo, the Court
concludes that the findings and conclusions of the Magistrate Judge are correct and the
objections are without merit.
Accordingly, Plaintiff and Defendant’s objections are
OVERRULED and the Magistrate Judge’s Report and Recommendation (Doc. No. 149) is
In its objections, Plaintiff submits that its doctrine of equivalents theory of infringement
for U.S. Patent No. 8,123,810 (“the ’810 Patent”) survives summary judgment and remains a
triable issue. Doc. No. 167 at 8. Plaintiff contends that the opinion disclosed in its expert report
“covers a situation where even if the Court found that the expansion member itself does not
move obliquely, the relative oblique movement of the portions of the upper and lower bodies
with respect to the expansion member is an equivalent solution.” Doc. No. 167 at 8 (citing Doc.
No. 113-2 at ¶¶ 130–131, 134). Defendant responds that the doctrine of equivalents “cannot
resuscitate” the asserted claim of the ’810 Patent because the doctrine of equivalents “vitiates the
claim limitation and renders oblique meaningless,” and would also ensnare the prior art. Doc.
No. 190 at 7–8.
Flexuspine’s doctrine of equivalents theory vitiates the oblique limitation of the asserted
claim. The asserted claim requires the “first angled portion and the substantially flat superior
and inferior surfaces” of the expansion member to advance “in a substantially linear direction
between and at least partially oblique to at least a portion” of the upper and lower bodies. The
Magistrate Judge correctly reasoned that even “[v]iewed in the most favorable light,
Flexuspine’s evidence demonstrates the expansion member’s movement is only substantially
linear, and not in a slanting or sloping direction,” or oblique to, “the upper and lower bodies.”
Additionally, as the Magistrate Judge identified, Flexuspine’s theory wholly fails to address the
requirement agreed to by the parties in claim construction that “both the first angled portion and
the flat surfaces of the expansion member move obliquely to the same part of the superior and
inferior surfaces of the upper and lower bodies.” Flexuspine’s theory therefore reads “and at
least partially oblique” entirely out of the claims. In terms of the function-way-result test, no
reasonable juror could find that the horizontal advancement of the expansion member is
advancement in substantially the same way as the oblique requirement of the claim.
Flexuspine’s theory of equivalents vitiates the oblique limitation of the asserted claim.
Like Flexuspine’s infringement theory, therefore, its doctrine of equivalents theory cannot
withstand summary judgment. Accordingly, Plaintiff’s objection that its doctrine of equivalents
theory presents a triable issue is OVERRULED.
Turning to Defendant’s objections, Globus argues Flexuspine’s doctrine of equivalents
theory with respect to U.S. Patent No. 7,316,714 (“the ’714 Patent”) fails as a matter of law
because it encompasses, or “ensnares,” prior art reference Biedermann. Doc. No. 168 at 8.
Plaintiff responds that there is a genuine issue of material fact as to whether Altera is “configured
such that increasing the separation distance between the upper body and the lower body allows
articulation or increased articulation of the implant.” Doc. No. 188 at 7.
In her Report and Recommendation, the Magistrate Judge identified factual disputes
regarding whether the bearing member in Biedermann anticipates the set screw limitation, as
well as whether the drive nut in Altera infringes the set screw limitation. Although not expressly
stated in the Report and Recommendation, upon de novo review, a genuine dispute of material
fact also remains regarding whether Biedermann teaches or suggests the articulation limitation.
Defendant relies on the embodiments depicted in Figures 9 and 10 of Biedermann as
anticipatory. Plaintiff presents evidence that in this embodiment, the upper and lower bodies
“have had their relative angles changed during expansion” which ultimately results in “a tilting
of the upper body with respect to the lower body.” Doc. No. 113-3 ¶ 152. Figure 10 depicts an
expanded version of this embodiment, in which the upper and lower bodies are “held rigidly in
their final position,” and therefore “[t]here is no relative rotation about an axis between the upper
and lower bodies in this expanded configuration.” Id. Whether the embodiment disclosed in
Figures 9 and 10 of Biedermann teaches or suggests an implant that “allows articulation or
increased articulation” is a genuine dispute of material fact. This fact issue, in combination with
the fact issues properly identified by the Magistrate Judge in her Report, renders summary
The remaining objections presented by Plaintiff and Defendant were already presented to
and properly considered by the Magistrate Judge. With the supplement contained herein, the
Court ADOPTS the Report and Recommendation of the United States Magistrate Judge (Doc.
No. 149) as the findings of this Court.
All objections by Plaintiff and Defendant are
SIGNED this 19th day of December, 2011.
So ORDERED and SIGNED this 12th day of August, 2016.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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