Denby v. Bosco et al
MEMORANDUM ORDER adopting 70 Report and Recommendation and denying 65 Motion to Alter or Amend Judgment. Order also denying as moot 73 Motion for certification of appeal. Signed by Judge Ron Clark on 8/8/17. (tkd, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
WARDEN BOSCO, ET AL.
CIVIL ACTION NO. 6:15cv876
MEMORANDUM ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
OF THE UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
AND DENYING MOTION TO ALTER OR AMEND THE JUDGMENT
The Plaintiff Donis Denby, proceeding pro se, filed this civil rights lawsuit under 42 U.S.C.
§1983 complaining of alleged violations of his constitutional rights during his confinement in the
Texas Department of Criminal Justice, Correctional Institutions Division. This Court referred the
case to the United States Magistrate Judge pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §636(b)(1) and (3) and the
Amended Order for the Adoption of Local Rules for the Assignment of Duties to United States
Denby complained of a sexual assault which allegedly occurred on July 28, 2015, at John
Sealy Hospital in Galveston. His claims concerning the alleged assault and the immediate aftermath
have been transferred to the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas.
The present lawsuit concerns Denby’s claims that he was denied medical care at the Coffield
Unit. The Magistrate Judge ordered prison officials to provide a Martinez Report consisting of
relevant records concerning Denby’s claims. See Martinez v. Aaron, 570 F.2d 317, 319 (10th Cir.
1978); Parker v. Carpenter, 978 F.2d 190, 191-92 n.2 (5th Cir. 1992).
The Magistrate Judge also observed that Denby had previously filed at least three lawsuits
or appeals which were dismissed as frivolous or for failure to state a claim upon which relief may
be granted. Accordingly, the Magistrate Judge determined that Denby is barred from proceeding
in forma pauperis except upon a showing that he was in imminent danger as of the time of the filing
of the lawsuit. 28 U.S.C. §1915(g).
Although the records showed that Denby had missed some medical appointments and
appeared to suffer from bouts of dizziness and bleeding hemorrhoids, the Magistrate Judge
concluded that Denby failed to show that he was in imminent danger of serious physical injury as
of the time he filed his lawsuit. Denby filed objections to the Magistrate Judge’s Report, but these
were overruled and the lawsuit was dismissed on May 12, 2017.
On May 22, 2017, Denby filed a motion to alter or amend the judgment presenting two
arguments. He contended that he did not have three strikes, and that he adequately showed
II. The Report of the Magistrate Judge
In considering Denby’s motion to alter or amend the judgment, the Magistrate Judge
observed that Denby had filed three lawsuits which were dismissed as failure to state a claim Denby v. Trent, et al., civil action no. 7:11cv157 (N.D.Tex., dismissed March 9, 2015); Denby v.
Windham, et al., civil action no. 2:10cv70 (N.D.Tex., May 13, 2011); and Denby v.Wages, et al.,
civil action no. 2:13cv6 (N.D.Tex., August 29, 2013). Of these cases, Denby v. Trent was filed in
the Wichita Falls division of the Northern District of Texas, and Denby v. Wages was severed out
of that case and transferred to the Amarillo Division of the Northern District of Texas.
Denby v. Wages was dismissed for failure to state a claim on August 9, 2013, and Denby v.
Trent was dismissed as frivolous on March 9, 2015. Both of these cases were counted as separate
strikes. Although Denby argued that the Northern District incorrectly separated the cases, the
Magistrate Judge observed that Denby did not file objections to the order of severance and transfer,
nor did he appeal either case. The Magistrate Judge further stated that the severance and transfer
created two separate and distinct lawsuits, which proceeded independently in different divisions of
the Northern District of Texas. Hence, the Magistrate Judge concluded that the dismissals of the two
cases properly counted as separate strikes for purposes of 28 U.S.C. §1915(g), citing Bernier
v.Koenigsmann, et al., civil action no. 15-cv-209A, 2017 U.S. Dist LEXIS 21563, 2017 WL 603217
(W.D.N.Y., February 15, 2017), Report adopted at 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 38019 (W.D.N.Y., March
16, 2017) (severed lawsuits count as separate strikes under §1915(g)); United States v. O’Neill, 709
F.2d 361, 368 (5th Cir. 1983) (severed claims proceed as discrete and independent actions).
Denby asserted that he was in imminent danger of serious physical injury because he had
suffered a concussion and was being denied treatment for this concussion. Although a TDCJ
physician named Dr. Bowers stated in an affidavit that Denby had not suffered a concussion, Denby
asserted that this was incorrect because he had been diagnosed with dizziness, blackouts, unequal
pupils, nausea, blurred vision, headaches, fatigue, and other symptoms as a result of hitting a wall
with his head. He also complained that he had been diagnosed with perianal venous thrombosis and
that his complaint was not hemorrhoids but unchecked bleeding of the rectum. Denby contended
that all of these conditions are life-threatening.
The Magistrate Judge stated that a thrombosis is a blood clot which forms in an external
hemorrhoid, causing pain, itching, and skin irritation. The condition does not pose an imminent
danger of serious physical injury. Harris v. Nink, 2:13cv304, 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 126747, 2013
WL4777187 (S.D.Ohio, September 5, 2013); Almond v. Glinski, civil action no. 14-cv-1336, 2015
U.S. Dist. LEXIS 9301, 2015 WL 348615 (E.D.Wisc., January 26, 2005). Nor does Denby’s opinion
that he suffered a concussion and that he is not receiving the treatment he believes appropriate
demonstrate imminent danger. The Magistrate Judge further stated that Denby’s allegations of
dizziness and blackouts did not demonstrate imminent danger. Pettus v. Esgrow, et al., civil action
no. 05-cv-6382, 2009 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 3068, 2009 WL116976 (W.D.N.Y., January 16, 2009). The
Magistrate Judge therefore recommended that Denby’s motion to alter or amend the judgment be
III. Denby’s Objections and Discussion
Denby asserts first that the Magistrate Judge improperly cited Bernier v. Koenigsmann
because it is not a Fifth Circuit case and he believes that it is contrary to the statutory intent of
§1915(g). Instead, he states that Harris v. Garner, 216 F.3d 970, 973 (11th Cir. 2000) and Hoffman
v. Blaski, 363 U.S. 335, 343, 80 S.Ct. 1084, 4 L.Ed.2d 1254 (1960) set the standard for the statutory
intent of §1915(g).
Harris does not refer to §1915(g) but instead construes 42 U.S.C. §1997e, which states that
no Federal civil action may be brought by a prisoner confined in a jail, prison, or other correctional
facility, for mental or emotional injury suffered while in custody without a prior showing of physical
injury. The question before the Eleventh Circuit concerned whether §1997e continued to apply to
lawsuits filed by prisoners who were later released.
In answering that question, the Eleventh Circuit cited Hoffman in determining that the verb
“brought” meant to commence or start a lawsuit, rather than to maintain or continue it to conclusion.
Thus, the court stated that “we granted rehearing en banc in this case to decide whether the provision
applies to lawsuits that are filed while the plaintiff is a confined prisoner but which were not decided
until after he is released from confinement. We hold it does.” Harris, 216 F.3d at 971.
Denby has not been released from confinement, but if he had been, Harris would stand for
the proposition that §1915(g), like §1997e, continues to apply to his lawsuit despite his release. The
case contains nothing to suggest that a lawsuit which is severed from another into a separate case,
which proceeds independently in another division of the court, does not count as a separate strike.
Denby’s objection on this point is without merit.
With regard to imminent danger, Denby asserts that he has never claimed that he suffered
from hemorrhoids, but instead asserted that he had unchecked bleeding, swelling, and infection of
the rectum which the defendants attributed to hemorrhoids. He also contends that the failure to
provide him with any treatment prior to September 22, 2015 caused his medical condition to
deteriorate which also subjected him to imminent danger.
Denby cites Voth v. Lytle, 2005 WL 3358909 (D. Ore., December 8, 2005), in which the
district court held that the plaintiff’s claim of suffering severe pain and rectal bleeding for over four
months sufficiently alleged imminent danger. In that case, however, the plaintiff’s condition,
identified as a rectal prolapse, was severe enough that three physicians had recommended surgery
to correct it, but the prison officials were denying this surgery.1 Thus, the plaintiff in that case had
independent medical evidence, in the form of these physicians’ recommendations, to support his
claim of imminent danger. Denby, by contrast, offers nothing to suggest that any physicians have
recommended surgery for his condition, nor any other medical evidence demonstrating imminent
Although Denby asserts that the Court should look only to his pleadings, the Fifth Circuit
has held that medical records of sick calls, examinations, diagnoses, and medications may rebut an
inmate's allegations of deliberate indifference to serious medical needs. Banuelos v. McFarland,
41 F.3d 232, 235 (5th Cir. 1995). Likewise, such records may rebut claims of imminent danger.
Patterson v. Dretke, civil action no. 2:04cv0132, 2004 WL 1205126 (N.D.Tex., June 2, 2004);
Taylor v. Green, civil action no. 6:08cv459, 2009 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 39996, 2009 WL 1350807
(E.D.Tex., May 12, 2009) (approving the use of Martinez Reports in determining claims of
imminent danger). This comports with the longstanding rule that conclusory allegations of
imminent danger are not sufficient to invoke the exception to §1915(g). Hyder v. Obama, civil
action no. 5:11cv26, 2011 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 31300, 2011 WL 1113496 (E.D.Tex., March 11, 2011),
Report adopted at 2011 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 31288 (E.D.Tex., March 24, 2011); Valdez v. Bush, civil
action no. 3:08cvl481, 2008 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 86124 (S.D.Tex., October 24, 2008). Denby has not
shown any valid basis upon which to alter or amend the judgment and his Fed. R. Civ. P. 59(e)
motion is without merit.
IV. Denby’s Other Motions
Denby has also filed a notice of appeal of the final judgment in this case and a motion asking
that the court certify his appeal as being taken in good or bad faith, along with a motion for leave
A rectal prolapse occurs when part or all of the wall of the rectum slides out of place,
sometimes protruding from the anus. See http://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/tc/ rectalprolapse-topic-overview#1.
to proceed in forma pauperis on appeal. Because Denby is barred by the three-strike provision of
§1915(g) and has not shown that he is in imminent danger as of the time he filed his notice of
appeal, he is not entitled to proceed in forma pauperis on appeal. Nor has Denby shown that his
appeal was taken in good faith because he has not demonstrated that his appeal presents a nonfrivolous issue.
The Court has conducted a careful de novo review of those portions of the Magistrate Judge’s
proposed findings and recommendations to which the Petitioner objected. See 28 U.S.C. §636(b)(1)
(District Judge shall “make a de novo determination of those portions of the Report or specified
proposed findings or recommendations to which objection is made.”) Upon such de novo review,
the Court has determined that the Report of the Magistrate Judge is correct and the Petitioner’s
objections are without merit. It is accordingly
ORDERED that the Petitioner’s objections are overruled and the Report of the Magistrate
Judge (docket no. 70) is ADOPTED as the opinion of the District Court. It is further
ORDERED that the Plaintiff’s motion to alter or amend the judgment (docket no. 65) is
DENIED. Fed. R. Civ. P. 59(e). It is further
ORDERED that the Plaintiff’s motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis on appeal
(docket no. 67) is DENIED because the Plaintiff has three strikes under 28 U.S.C. §1915(g).
For the reasons stated in the Memorandum Opinion (docket no. 62) and the Report of the
Magistrate Judge (docket no. 56), the Court certifies that the Appellant’s appeal is not taken in good
faith. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3); Fed. R. App. P. 24(a)(3)(A); Baugh v. Taylor, 117 F.3d 197, 202 n.21
(5th Cir. 1997) (to comply with Rule 24 and to inform the Court of Appeals of the reasons for its
certification, a district court may incorporate by reference its order dismissing an appellant’s
claims). Because Denby cannot proceed in forma pauperis, he cannot be assessed an initial partial
appellate filing fee in accordance with Baugh. It is further
ORDERED that the Plaintiff’s motion requesting certification of his appeal (docket no. 73)
is DENIED as moot.
So ORDERED and SIGNED this 8 day of August, 2017.
Ron Clark, United States District Judge
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