Day v. Commissioner, Social Security Administration
MEMORANDUM AND OPINION, and ORDER GRANTING IN PART 19 MOTION for Attorney Fees filed by John Thomas Day. Signed by Magistrate Judge John D. Love on 10/31/2017. (gsg)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
JOHN THOMAS DAY,
COMMISSIONER, SOCIAL SECURITY
CIVIL ACTION NO. 6:16-CV-00210-RC
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
Before the Court is Plaintiff’s Motion for Attorney Fees.
(Doc. No. 19.)
Commissioner responded (Doc. No. 20) and Plaintiff replied. (Doc. No. 21.)
On March 14, 2016, Plaintiff initiated this lawsuit by filing a complaint seeking judicial
review of the Commissioner’s decision denying an application for Social Security benefits. The
Court entered an Order on July 8, 2017 reversing the Commissioner and remanding the matter to
the Commissioner for further administrative proceedings pursuant to sentence four of 42 U.S.C.
§ 405(g). Plaintiff filed the current motion (Doc. No. 19), and seeks an award of $5,487.32 in
attorney’s fees and expenses pursuant to the Equal Access to Justice Act, 28 U.S.C. §2412
The Commissioner argues that Plaintiff improperly used a month-to-month
Consumer Price Index (“CPI”) rate and that Plaintiff’s claimed hours for filing a motion for
extension of time are unreasonable. (Doc. No. 20.)
The “dual purpose” of the EAJA is “to ensure adequate representation for those who need
it and to minimize the cost of this representation to taxpayers” Baker v. Bowen, 839 F.2d 1075,
1083 (5th Cir.), reh’g denied, 848 F.2d 66 (5th Cir. 1988). Eligibility for a fee award under the
EAJA requires, at a minimum, that the claimant be a prevailing party; that the Government’s
position was not substantially justified; that no special circumstances make an award unjust; and
that any fee application be submitted to the court within 30 days of final judgment and be
supported by an itemized statement. Comm’r INS v. Jean, 496 U.S. 154, 158 110 S. Ct. 2316,
110 L. Ed. 2d 134 (1990); Murkeldove v. Astrue, 635 F.3d 784, 790 (5th Cir. 2011) (also noting
the requirement that the claimant must “incur” attorney’s fees); 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A), (B).
A “final judgment” is a judgment that is final and not appealable. 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(2)(G).
With regard to the amount of fees, 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(2)(A) states:
(A) “fees and other expenses” includes the reasonable expenses of expert witnesses, the
reasonable cost of any study, analysis, engineering report, test, or project which is found
by the court to be necessary for the preparation of the party’s case, and reasonable
attorney fees (The amount of fees awarded under this subsection shall be based upon
prevailing market rates for the kind and quality of services furnished, except that (i) no
expert witness shall be compensated at a rate in excess of the highest rate of
compensation for expert witnesses paid by the United States; and (ii) attorney fees shall
not be awarded in excess of $125 per hour unless the court determines that an increase in
the cost of living or a special factor, such as the limited availability of qualified attorneys
for the proceedings involved, justifies a higher fee.).
A remand accomplished pursuant to the fourth sentence of 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) renders the
claimant a prevailing party regardless of whether the claimant is successful in obtaining benefits
on remand. Shalala v. Schaefer, 509 U.S. 292, 300–01 (1993). The Commissioner has the
burden of proving that his position was “substantially justified” in this matter and he has not
done so here. Herron v. Bowen, 788 F.2d 1127, 1130 (5th Cir. 1986) (per curiam); see also
Davidson v. Veneman, 317 F.3d 503, 506 (5th Cir. 2003). The Commissioner has not alleged or
shown special circumstances that would render an award unjust. Plaintiff filed her motion within
30 days of the judgment becoming final, together with an itemized account.
The hourly attorney fee sought by Plaintiff exceeds $125.00 per hour, requiring a finding
that an increase in the cost of living or a special factor, such as the limited availability of
qualified attorneys for the proceedings involved, justifies a higher fee.
28 U.S.C. §
2412(d)(2)(A). Plaintiff asserts that the requested increase in the hourly fee is justified in this
case due to increases in the cost of living as reflected by the Consumer Price Index. Plaintiff
requests rates of $189.45 for work done in March 2016, $191.99 for work done in September
2016, $192.20 for work done in October 2016, $191.85 for work done in December 2016, and
$194 for work done in in October 2017. The Commissioner objects, arguing the Fifth Circuit
applied the CPI on an annual basis and not based on the exact month the work was performed.
(Doc. No. 20 at 2) (citing Perales v. Casillas, 950 F.2d 1066, 1074–79 (5th Cir. 1992). Although
Plaintiff argues such fees have been calculated before on a month-to-month basis, the Court finds
an annual approach follows Fifth Circuit precedent. Perales, 950 F.2d at 1079 (finding cost-ofliving adjustment should be applied on an annual basis under the EAJA) ; see also Cunningham
v. Comm’r Soc. Soc. Admin., No. 9:10-cv-148, 2013 WL 3337293, at *2 (E.D. Tex. July 1,
2013). Accordingly, the Court finds that the rate should be $190.85 for the 2016 hourly rate.
The Commissioner also argues that Plaintiff should not be compensated for filing a
motion to extend because counsel is not entitled for compensation on time spent in obtaining an
extension. (Doc. No. 20 at 3.) However, the Commissioner failed to object to such an extension
of time. (Doc. No. 12.) Accordingly, the Court sees no reason to penalize Plaintiff’s counsel for
obtaining an unopposed extension. The .3 hours spend on preparing a motion for extension is
Therefore, Plaintiff’s counsel will be compensated accordingly:
25 hours for work in 2016 x $190.85/hr
2.6 hours for work in 2017 x 194.00/hr
The Court ORDERS that Plaintiff’s Petition for Attorney Fees (Doc. No. 19) is
GRANTED-IN-PART. The Commissioner is hereby ORDERED to pay Plaintiff for fees
incurred totaling $5,459.05 pursuant to EAJA, 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d). The Commissioner shall
pay Plaintiff’s EAJA fee award by making the payment payable to Plaintiff and sending the
payment to Plaintiff’s counsel.
So ORDERED and SIGNED this 31st day of October, 2017.
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