Banks v. Texas Department of Criminal Justice et al
MEMORANDUM ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION OF THE U. S. MAGISTRATE JUDGE AND ENTERING FINAL JUDGMENT. It is ordered that this civil action is dismissed without prejudice for failure to prosecute or to obey an order of the Court. Signed by District Judge Ron Clark on 4/16/18. (mrp, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF CRIMINAL
JUSTICE, ET AL.
CIVIL ACTION NO. 6:16cv818
MEMORANDUM ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
OF THE UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
AND ENTERING FINAL JUDGMENT
This lawsuit was severed out of a larger civil action and was referred by the Court to the
United States Magistrate Judge pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §636(b)(1) and (3) and the Amended Order
for the Adoption of Local Rules for the Assignment of Duties to United States Magistrate Judges.
The Magistrate Judge directed the Plaintiff to file an amended complaint and to pay the statutory
filing fee or seek leave to proceed in forma pauperis. When Plaintiff did not comply, a Report was
issued recommending dismissal of the lawsuit without prejudice.
Plaintiff filed objections to this Report together with an application for leave to proceed in
forma pauperis. The Magistrate Judge then ordered Plaintiff to pay an initial partial filing fee of
$3.87, in accordance with 28 U.S.C. §1915(b). The Magistrate Judge also granted Plaintiff an
extension of time in which to file his amended complaint.
Plaintiff again did not comply with either of these orders, and the Magistrate Judge issued
a second Report again recommending dismissal without prejudice for failure to prosecute or to obey
an order of the Court. Plaintiff filed a motion for extension of time in which to object, and was
granted an extension in which to file his objections to the Magistrate Judge’s Report, or,
alternatively, to pay the initial partial filing fee and file his amended complaint. Plaintiff paid the
initial partial filing fee, but has never filed an amended complaint despite being ordered to do so on
three separate occasions. He has failed to prosecute his case.1
Plaintiff did not object to the Report of the Magistrate Judge recommending dismissal;
accordingly, he is barred from de novo review by the District Judge of those findings, conclusions,
and recommendations and, except upon grounds of plain error, from appellate review of the
unobjected-to proposed factual findings and legal conclusions accepted and adopted by the district
court. Douglass v. United Services Automobile Association, 79 F.3d 1415, 1430 (5th Cir. 1996) (en
The Court has reviewed the pleadings in this cause and the Report of the Magistrate Judge.
Upon such review, the Court has determined that the Report of the Magistrate Judge is correct. See
United States v. Wilson, 864 F.2d 1219, 1221 (5th Cir.), cert. denied, 492 U.S. 918, 109 S.Ct. 3243
(1989) (where no objections to a Magistrate Judge’s Report are filed, the standard of review is
“clearly erroneous, abuse of discretion and contrary to law.”) It is accordingly
ORDERED that the Report of the Magistrate Judge (docket no. 12) is ADOPTED as the
opinion of the District Court. It is further
In addition, a review of the complaint shows that the lawsuit, as originally pleaded, lacks
merit on its face. Plaintiff asserts that he is being required to work without any meaningful
compensation. The Fifth Circuit has held that requiring inmates to work without compensation does
not violate the Constitution, nor does it amount to slavery or involuntary servitude. Wendt v.
Lynaugh, 841 F.2d 619, 621 (5th Cir. 1988). The State maintains discretion to determine whether
and under what circumstances inmates are paid for their labor, and inmates sentenced to
incarceration cannot maintain a viable Thirteenth Amendment claim if the prison system requires
them to work. Ali v. Johnson, 259 F.3d 317, 317 (5th Cir. 2001). Plaintiff was given repeated
opportunities to amend this complaint, but did not do so. His claim lacks an arguable basis in law
and fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted.
ORDERED that the above-styled civil action is DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE
for failure to prosecute or to obey an order of the Court. Finally, it is
ORDERED that any and all motions which may be pending in this action are hereby
So Ordered and Signed
Apr 16, 2018
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